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Russia Population

Russia is one of the world's most sparsely populated and urbanized countries. Russia also called Russian Federation(Rossiyskaya Federatsiya, Rossiya) is a country stretches over Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. Russia population in 2022 is estimated to be 146.5 million, covering area over 17,125,191 sq km (6,612,073 sq mi), It is the largest country in the world and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's area. Once it was republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R., popularly known as the Soviet Union), Russia became an independent country after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991. Most of the population is concentrated in European region of the country surrounding Russia capital is Moscow and the popular cities include St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Nizhniy Novgorod, Kazan, Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Samara and Ufa. The population is also spread across the Asia regions of cities such as Vladivostok and Irkutsk. Russia region has a total of 11 time zones and incorporating rivers, landforms from deserts to deep forests, Volga is Europe's longest river and its largest lake, Ladoga. Baikal is the world's deepest lake. There are more than 120 ethnic groups present in Russia, with diverse, religions and cultural traditions. Russia is bordered by 14 countries, Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Mongolia, Norway, Poland, and Ukraine and also shares maritime borders with Japan, Sweden, Turkey, and the United States.

Population Indicators
Fertility Rate1.8

Russia Population Indicators
Fertility rate is 1.8 births per woman in 2017.

Below table is the population of Russia from 1960 to 2020:
YearPopulation
1960119,897,000
1965126,745,000
1970130,404,000
1975134,200,000
1980139,010,000
1985143,858,000
1990147,969,407
1995148,375,787
2000146,596,869
2005143,518,814
2010142,849,468
2015144,096,870
2020144,104,080
Source : worldbank

Income Distribution

Russia is the world's eleventh-largest economy by nominal GDP , It has a mixed economy, with enormous natural resources of oil and natural gas, In 2016, the oil and gas sector accounted for 36% of federal budget revenues. Russia's agriculture sector contributes about 5% of the country's total GDP, labour force of roughly 70 million. It was the sixteenth-most visited country in the world, and the tenth-most visited country in Europe, in 2018, with over 24.6 million visits.


Religions in Russia

Religion in Russia is diverse with Christianity, especially Russian Orthodoxy being the most widely professed faith, other spiritual contribution of the Russian people are Islam, Judaism, Roman Catholicism, Protestant and Buddhism. Orthodox Christian believers constituted 71% of the total population of Russia. Catholicism was the religion practices about 0.1% of the total population, Muslims in Russia were about 6.5% of the population, Buddhism was practiced by 0.5% of the population.


Languages in Russia

Russian, the most widely spoken language, Russia is a diverse, multiethnic society. There are 35 languages which are considered official languages in various regions of Russia, along with Russian, more than 120 ethnic groups, other 100 minority languages spoken in Russia.

Russia is a country with a low population density with approximately 8.5 people per sq km, compared with Germany 226 people per sq km, and the USA about people per sq km. Russia population in 2021 is estimated to be 146 million.

Federal districtArea (sq km)2010 censusFederal subjectsAdministrative Capital
Central650,20038,438,60018Moscow
Northwestern1,687,00013,583,80011Saint Petersburg
Southern427,80016,141,1008Rostov-on-Don
North Caucasian170,4009,496,8007Pyatigorsk
Volga1,037,00029,900,40014Nizhny Novgorod
Ural1,818,50012,082,7006Yekaterinburg
Siberian4,361,80017,178,29810Novosibirsk
Far Eastern6,952,6008,371,25711Vladivostok

The Russian Federation constitutionally consists of 85 federal subjects. In 1993, when the current Constitution of Russia was adopted, there were 89 federal subjects listed. By 2008, the number of federal subjects had been decreased to 83 because of several mergers. In 2014, Sevastopol and the Republic of Crimea became the 84th and 85th federal subjects of Russia. These are the constituent entities of Russia, Its top-level political divisions according to the Constitution of Russia. Subjects shall have equal rights as constituent entities of the Russian Federation. The Russian Federation consists of republics, krais, oblasts and cities, an autonomous oblast, and autonomous okrugs. Federal subjects shall have their own constitution/charter and legislation. Every subject of the Russian Federation has its own president/governor/head as executive branch, regional parliament as legislative branch and regional constitutional/charter court as higher judicial branch in a region.

RankFederal subjectsPopulation(2021 est.)Population (2010 Census)Change(%)Land area(sq km)
1Moscow12,636,31211,503,5019.85%2,561
3Krasnodar Krai5,689,5385,226,6478.86%75,485
4Saint Petersburg5,388,7594,879,56610.44%1,403
5Sverdlovsk Oblast4,291,8864,297,747-0.14%194,307
6Rostov Oblast4,185,2334,277,976-2.17%100,967
7Bashkortostan4,016,4814,072,292-1.37%142,947
8Tatarstan3,894,5073,786,4882.85%67,847
9Chelyabinsk Oblast3,444,0253,476,217-0.93%88,529
10Nizhny Novgorod Oblast3,177,8163,310,597-4.01%76,624
11Samara Oblast3,155,3903,215,532-1.87%53,565
12Dagestan3,132,2682,910,2497.63%50,270
13Krasnoyarsk Krai2,857,5672,828,1871.04%2,366,797
15 Stavropol Krai2,794,6252,786,2810.30%66,160
15 Novosibirsk Oblast2,786,4122,665,9114.52%177,756
17 Perm Krai2,580,6392,635,276-2.07%160,236
18 Volgograd Oblast2,476,1002,610,161-5.14%112,877
19Saratov Oblast2,396,9612,521,892-4.95%101,240
20Irkutsk Oblast2,375,6402,428,750-2.19%774,846
21Voronezh Oblast2,307,1002,335,380-1.21%52,216
22Altai Krai2,296,7732,419,755-5.08%167,996
23Orenburg Oblast1,945,3072,033,072-4.32%123,702
24Omsk Oblast1,904,2941,977,665-3.71%141,140
25Crimea1,903,7071,903,7070.00%26,081
26Leningrad Oblast1,894,0381,716,86810.32%83,908
27Primorsky Krai1,879,4861,956,497-3.94%164,673
28Yugra1,688,3781,532,24310.19%534,801
29Belgorod Oblast1,543,0871,532,5260.69%27,134
31Chechnya1,500,4901,268,98918.24%16,165
32Udmurtia1,493,7001,521,420-1.82%42,061
33Tula Oblast1,450,6751,553,925-6.64%25,679
34Vladimir Oblast1,343,1941,443,693-6.96%29,084
35Khabarovsk Krai1,302,9181,343,869-3.05%787,633
36Penza Oblast1,292,2111,386,186-6.78%43,352
37Kirov Oblast1,251,1821,341,312-6.72%120,374
38Tver Oblast1,246,7591,353,392-7.88%84,201
39Yaroslavl Oblast1,242,3561,272,468-2.37%36,177
40Ulyanovsk Oblast1,219,2401,292,799-5.69%37,181
41Chuvashia1,208,8061,251,619-3.42%18,343
43Vologda Oblast1,151,7511,202,444-4.22%144,527
44Lipetsk Oblast1,128,1811,173,513-3.86%24,047
45Ryazan Oblast1,098,9981,154,114-4.78%39,605
46Kursk Oblast1,098,3611,127,081-2.55%29,997
47Arkhangelsk Oblast1,083,6951,227,626-11.72%413,103
48Tomsk Oblast1,070,5441,047,3942.21%314,391
50Kaliningrad Oblast1,019,601941,8738.25%15,125
51Kaluga Oblast1,000,6041,010,930-1.02%29,777
52Astrakhan Oblast997,6851,010,073-1.23%49,024
53Tambov Oblast995,7611,091,994-8.81%34,462
54Ivanovo Oblast987,6941,061,651-6.97%21,437
55Buryatia986,132972,0211.45%351,334
56Yakutia984,703958,5282.73%3,083,523
57Smolensk Oblast921,620985,537-6.49%49,779
58Kabardino-Balkaria870,197859,9391.19%12,470
59Kurgan Oblast819,299910,807-10.05%71,488
60Komi Republic813,859901,189-9.69%416,774
61Amur Oblast781,850830,103-5.81%361,908
62Mordovia779,573834,755-6.61%26,128
63Murmansk Oblast733,158795,409-7.83%144,902
64Oryol Oblast725,725786,935-7.78%24,652
65North Ossetia–Alania693,449712,980-2.74%7,987
66Mari El676,184696,459-2.91%23,375
67Kostroma Oblast628,972667,562-5.78%60,211
68Pskov Oblast621,028673,423-7.78%55,399
69Karelia609,439643,548-5.30%180,520
70Novgorod Oblast593,232634,111-6.45%54,501
71YaNAO547,111522,9044.63%769,250
72Khakassia532,266532,403-0.03%61,569
73Ingushetia515,970412,52925.07%3,628
74Sevastopol513,149513,1490.00%864
75Sakhalin Oblast485,627497,973-2.48%87,101
76Karachay-Cherkessia465,592477,859-2.57%14,277
77Adygea463,091439,9965.25%7,792
78Tuva330,327307,9307.27%168,604
79Kamchatka Krai311,985322,079-3.13%464,275
80Kalmykia270,139289,481-6.68%74,731
81Altai Republic221,050206,1687.22%92,903
82Jewish Autonomous Oblast156,492176,558-11.37%36,271
83Magadan Oblast138,991156,996-11.47%462,464
84Chukotka49,30050,526-2.43%721,481
85Nenets Autonomous Okrug44,40442,0905.50%176,810
TotalRussian Federation146,238,185142,856,5362.37%17,125,191

Geographically, Russia consists of two parts, European Russia and Asian Russia. Regions of Russia is divided into Central, European North, North-West, European South (Northern Caucasus), the Volga region and the Ural region as part of European Russia. Asian Russia consists of Western Siberia, Eastern Siberia and the Far East. Asian Russia is larger than European Russia, but the population is small. In European Russia area is smaller but larger proportion of population.

RegionобластьAreasCitiesIntra-urban areas, city districtsUrban-type settlementsRural settlements
Russian FederationРоссийская Федерация186511003271286153124
Central Federal DistrictЦентральный федеральный округ4213106832159762
Belgorod regionБелгородская область21112181574
Bryansk regionБрянская область27164242633
Vladimir regionВладимирская область1623392495
Voronezh regionВоронежская область31156211717
Ivanovo regionИвановская область21174133018
Kaluga regionКалужская область24223103177
Kostroma regionКостромская область2412-73490
Kursk regionКурская область28103222770
Lipetsk regionЛипецкая область1884-1600
Moscow regionМосковская область3880-726124
Oryol RegionОрловская область2474132922
Ryazan OblastРязанская область25124222746
Smolensk regionСмоленская область25153124851
Tambov RegionТамбовская область2383121638
Tver regionТверская область36234289532
Tula regionТульская область23195253436
Yaroslavskaya oblastЯрославская область17116136039
Moscow cityг. Москва-110--
Northwestern Federal DistrictСеверо-Западный федеральный округ1571463414229618
Republic of KareliaРеспублика Карелия1513-11776
Komi RepublicРеспублика Коми1210129720
Arkhangelsk regionАрхангельская область22149203970
Nenets Autonomous OkrugНенецкий автономный округ11-141
Vologodskaya OblastВологодская область2615-98006
Kaliningrad regionКалининградская область1522341073
Leningrad regionЛенинградская область1731-322882
Murmansk regionМурманская область516312112
Novgorod regionНовгородская область2110-113728
Pskov regionПсковская область2414-148351
St. Petersburgг. Санкт-Петербург-118--
Southern Federal DistrictЮжный федеральный округ145>7932496371
Republic of AdygeaРеспублика Адыгея72-5225
Republic of KalmykiaРеспублика Калмыкия133--262
Krasnodar regionКраснодарский край382612121725
Astrakhan regionАстраханская область11647428
Volgograd regionВолгоградская область33198181465
Rostov regionРостовская область4323872266
North Caucasian Federal DistrictСеверо-Кавказский федеральный округ1145618363322
The Republic of DagestanРеспублика Дагестан41103191588
The Republic of IngushetiaРеспублика Ингушетия444-118
Kabardino-Balkar RepublicКабардино-Балкарская Республика108-2169
Karachay-Cherkess RepublicКарачаево-Черкесская Республика104-7138
Republic of North Ossetia - AlaniaРеспублика Северная Осетия – Алания8641215
Chechen RepublicЧеченская Республика1554-359
Stavropol regionСтавропольский край261937735
Volga Federal DistrictПриволжский федеральный округ4461987727134042
Republic of BashkortostanРеспублика Башкортостан5421724532
Mari El RepublicРеспублика Марий Эл144-151597
The Republic of MordoviaРеспублика Мордовия2273141250
Republic of TatarstanРеспублика Татарстан43227183073
UdmurtiaУдмуртская Республика256551961
Chuvash RepublicЧувашская Республика2193-1720
Perm TerritoryПермский край33257303644
Kirov regionКировская область39184414320
Nizhny Novgorod RegionНижегородская область47288594762
Orenburg regionОренбургская область3512711707
Penza regionПензенская область27114161419
Samara RegionСамарская область271112141309
Saratov regionСаратовская область38186271778
Ulyanovsk regionУльяновская область216429970
Ural federal districtУральский федеральный округ11911526755816
Kurgan regionКурганская область249-61220
Sverdlovsk regionСвердловская область304712271840
Tyumen regionТюменская область38294291512
Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - YugraХанты-Мансийский автономный округ – Югра916-24165
Yamalo-Nenets autonomous regionЯмало-Ненецкий автономный округ78-579
Chelyabinsk regionЧелябинская область273010131244
Siberian Federal DistrictСибирский федеральный округ321130>6222611464
Altai RepublicРеспублика Алтай101--245
The Republic of BuryatiaРеспублика Бурятия216314613
Tyva RepublicРеспублика Тыва175-1144
The Republic of KhakassiaРеспублика Хакасия85-8264
Altai regionАлтайский край6012561598
Zabaykalsky KraiЗабайкальский край3110441750
Krasnoyarsk regionКрасноярский край442310401700
Irkutsk regionИркутская область33227541488
Kemerovo regionКемеровская область192014231073
Novosibirsk regionНовосибирская область301410171534
Omsk regionОмская область3265211476
Tomsk regionТомская область16641579
Far Eastern Federal DistrictДальневосточный федеральный округ14266101662729
The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)Республика Саха (Якутия)3413-42586
Kamchatka KraiКамчатский край113-382
Primorsky KraiПриморский край2212530617
Khabarovsk regionХабаровский край177524427
Amurskaya OblastАмурская область209-18602
Magadan RegionМагаданская область82-2855
Sakhalin RegionСахалинская область1715-5223
Jewish Autonomous RegionЕврейская автономная область52-1199
Chukotka Autonomous DistrictЧукотский автономный округ83-538
Source: gks

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