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Hawaii Population 2024

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Hawaii is the state of United States located in pacific ocean, outside of the North America, which is located 2,000 miles (3,200 km) southwest of the US. Hawaii population in 2024 is estimated to be 1.42 million and ranks 40th in the US. Hawaii area is 10,931 square miles (28,311 sq km), 42nd by area rank in the US. Hawaii is losing population and decreased by 16,007 people since from the last census of 2020. The Hawaii state consists of major eight main islands Niihau, Oahu (O'ahu), Kauai, Lanai, Maui, Molokai, Kahoolawe and the Big Island of Hawaii, In addition to eight main islands, The Hawaiian archipelago, 137 islands spread over 1,500 miles (2,400 km), Its ocean coastline is about 750 miles (1,210 km) long. The Hawaiian islands were formed by volcanic activity initiated at an undersea magma source called the Hawaii hotspot. The word 'Hawaii' comes from the Proto-Polynesian 'hawaiki', which means Place of the Gods or Homeland. Only people with Hawaiian ancestry are considered to be Hawaiians. Hawaii is the only state in the U.S. that grows coffee, cacao and vanilla beans commercially. The Hawaii capital and largest city is Honolulu on the island of Oahu.

According to U.S. 2020 Census Results, HI population in 2020 is 1,455,271. Hawaii population in 2023 is estimated to be 1.434 million, population in 2022 is estimated to be 1.44 million, and in 2021 is estimated to be 1.44 million.
YearPopulation% Change
20201,455,271census updated
July 1, 2020
Source : Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018, last census by July 1, 2020

Hawaii Population by Race

According to 2017 demographics estimates population of Hawaii by race are: Native Hawaiian represents 10.03% of the population as on estimated 2017 census, White Americans are 25.13%, Black Americans are 1.82%, 38% are Asian population in Hawaii and 10.23% are Hispanic/Latino.

White Population

White population in Hawaii are 357,308, percentage wise 25.13 percent are whites. Whites, also called White Americans or European American, having origins in the original peoples of Europe (numbers include hispanic whites).

Black Population

Black population in Hawaii are 25,884, percentage wise 1.82 percent are blacks. African American refers to black population in Hawaii, They are Black racial groups of Africa, includes Sub-Saharan African people, Kenyan, Nigerian, Caribbean such as Haitian and Jamaican.

Asian Population

Asian population in Hawaii are 540,556, percentage wise 38.02 percent are asians, out of these 2,750 are Asian Indians, 57,181 are Chinese, 211,189 are Filipinos, 178,444 are Japanese, 23,925 are Korean, 11,480 are Vietnamese and 55,587 are other Asian nationals.

Hispanic Population

Hispanic population in Hawaii are 145,381. Percentage wise 10.23 percent are hispanics, out of these 44,728 are Mexican people, 47,572 are Puerto Ricans, 2,239 are Cubans, and 50,842 are other Hispanic or Latinos. Hispanics may be of any race, included in applicable race categories.

88,969 are Native Hawaiians, 14,864 are Samoans, 2699 are Guamanian/Chamorro's. 2,756 are AIAN, 221 are Navajo tribal grouping, 69 are Sioux, 32 are Chippewa tribals and 603 are Cherokee tribal grouping.

Total Population1,421,658Percent
Black or African American25,8841.82%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,7560.194%
Cherokee tribal grouping6030.042%
Chippewa tribal grouping320.002%
Navajo tribal grouping2210.016%
Sioux tribal grouping690.005%
Asian Population540,55638.02%
Asian Indian2,7500.19%
Other Asian Population55,587
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander142,60010.03%
Native Hawaiian88,9696.258%
Guamanian or Chamorro2,6990.190%
Other Pacific Islander36,068
Some other race14,056
Hispanic or Latino145,38110.23%
Puerto Rican47,5723.35%
Other Hispanic or Latino50,842

Source: US Census 2017(Table B03002)

Top Cities of Hawaii


Population Pyramid

The Hawaii population pyramid as per 2021 US census estimates.

Source: 2021 US Census Estimates: Population In Five Year Age-Group

Hawaii Population by Age

According to 2019 US population estimates, population of Hawaii by age is 1,421,658, out of these 713,981 are male, 707,677 are female, The sex ratio of Hawaii is 1,009. The Hawaii population by age are, under 15 years is 260,055, 15 years and over is 1,161,603, 30 years and over is 879,606, 65 years and over is 238,126 and 85 years and over is 37,853. 50.22 percent are male, 49.78 percent are female, 18.29 percent are under 15 years old, 81.71 percent are 15 years and over, 61.87 percent are 30 years and over, 16.75 percent are 65 years and over, 2.66 percent are 85 years and over.

Languages spoken in HI

English is the official language of Hawaii state.
Speak only English986,47874.16
Spanish Language27,3282.05
European Language15,2261.14
Asian Languages294,80422.16
Other Languages6,4050.48
Source: US Census 2017(Table S1601)

Hawaii Education

Hawaii state education stats as per the table below.

Population 18 to 24 years129,75571,34358,412
Less than high school graduate9,5925,5804,012
High school graduate (includes equivalency)50,24530,89019,355
Some college or associates degree58,85930,32628,533
Bachelors degree or higher11,0594,5476,512
Population 25 years and over984,320484,601499,719
Less than 9th grade37,34715,17722,170
9th to 12th grade, no diploma45,11323,51521,598
High school graduate (includes equivalency)273,162140,135133,027
Some college, no degree210,452107,478102,974
Associates degree102,89648,76154,135
Bachelors degree209,09798,347110,750
Graduate or professional degree106,25351,18855,065
High school graduate or higher237,120127,425109,695
Bachelors degree or higher111,08758,42352,664
Black or African16,43910,5065,933
High school graduate or higher15,67010,1265,544
Bachelors degree or higher4,4852,6081,877
American Indian or Alaska Native alone2,2291,2221,007
High school graduate or higher1,9141,004910
Bachelors degree or higher476184292
High school graduate or higher376,950171,306205,644
Bachelors degree or higher140,70961,09779,612
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander87,28544,31742,968
High school graduate or higher77,26739,35137,916
Bachelors degree or higher11,9995,7136,286
Hispanic or Latino Origin72,30636,49035,816
High school graduate or higher64,98832,29232,696
Bachelors degree or higher14,6776,6837,994
Source: US Census 2017(Table S1501)


Disable population of Hawaii as per hearing/vision/cognitive/ambulatory difficulty.

Total civilian non-institutionalized population153,544
Black or African American1,771
American Indian and Alaska Native alone453
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander15,588
Some other race1,035
With a hearing difficulty50,861
With a vision difficulty24,621
With a cognitive difficulty57,850
With an ambulatory difficulty80,036
With a self-care difficulty31,219
With an independent living difficulty59,600

Counties of Hawaii

Hawaii state is divided into 5 counties, Honolulu county is the most populous with 980,080, followed by Hawaii county with 200,983, Maui county with 167,207, Kauai county with 72,133 and the least populous is Kalawao county with 88 inhabitants.

CountyPopulation 2017Population 2018% ChangeRank 2017Rank 2018
Hawaii County199,503200,9830.722
Honolulu County986,429980,080-0.611
Kalawao County8888055
Kauai County71,78072,1330.544
Maui County166,403167,2070.533

Hawaii History

The Hawaiian population is 154,000 in the year 1900. By 1930 the Hawaiian population is doubled with 368,300 inhabitants. It crossed half a million mark by 1950, 632,772 in 1960, 964,691 in 1980 and in 1990 the Hawaiian population crossed 1 million mark.


1. Census Fact finder
2. Historical Population of States from 1790 to 1990

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