World Population

Japan Population

Japan is an island country in East Asia lies in the eastern coast of the Eurasian continent in the northern hemisphere. It consists of the main islands of Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa, and more than 6,800 smaller islands of varying sizes. It has an area of approximately 380,000 sq km with the population density of 334 per sq km. Japan's total population in 2018 was 127 million ranking eleventh in the world. Average life expectancy in Japan improved after second world war, and by 2015 is at the highest level in the world with the life expectancy at birth was 87.1 years for women and 80.8 years for men. Currently Japan is 11th populated country in the world after Mexico.

Japan Population

Birth Rate7.8Infant Mortality2.0 Fertility Rate1.4Death Rate10.5Population Above 6032%Life Expectancy87/F81/M

Japan Population Indicators
Birth rate is 7.8 births/1000 people in 2016
Infant Mortality is 2.0/1000 live births in 2016
Fertility rate is 1.4 births per woman in 2017
Death rate is 10.5 deaths/1000 people in 2016
Population above 60 years is 32% in 2015


Income Distribution

During the 1960s, Japan's economy grew at a rapid pace of over 10 percent per annum. This rapid economic growth was supported by private investments, abundant labour force supplied by a high rate of population growth, increase in productivity by adopting and improving foreign technologies. By 1970s, there was a sharp increase of exports of industrial products to the U.S.A. and European countries. By 2016 there were 5.4 million establishments, in Japan, at which a total of 58 million persons were employed. Below table demonstrates the Employment by Occupation(working in different work sector categories).

Type of JobWorkers
Total58,919,036
Administrative Workers1,394,894
Professional & Technical9,380,461
Office work11,206,028
Sales7,410,702
Service Worker6,856,820
Security Worker1,086,118
Agriculture and forestry fishery2,145,116
Production process7,960,081
Transport & Driving2,009,402
Construction & Mining2,591,087
Packaging3,897,093
Others2,981,234
Japan's agricultural, forestry and fishing industries is slowing rapidly year by year and the GDP Share is dropped. The number of workers decreased from 13.40 million in 1960 (30.2 percent of the total workforce) to 2.28 million in 2015 (3.6 percent), and the GDP share of the industries fell from 12.8 percent in 1960 to 1.1 percent in 2015.


In 2015, Tokyo Metropolis had the largest population of 13.52 million among Japan's 47 districts, followed in decreasing order by the districts of Kanagawa, Osaka, Aichi, and Saitama. the population density in Tokyo Metropolis was the highest among Japan's districts at 6,168.7 persons per sq km. which was 18.1 times the national average of 342 persons per sq km. These five districts each had a population of seven million or more, and together accounted for 36.4 percent of the total population.

Cities Population in 2010(Millions) Population in 2015(Millions)
Tokyo 8.946 9.273
Yokohama 3.689 3.725
Osaka 2.665 2.691
Nagoya 2.264 2.296
Sapporo 1.914 1.952
Fukuoka 1.464 1.539
Kobe 1.544 1.537
Kawasaki 1.426 1.475
Kyoto 1.474 1.475
Saitama 1.222 1.264
Hiroshima 1.174 1.194
Sendai 1.046 1.082


Japan Census & History

From the eighteenth century through the first half of the nineteenth century, Japan's population was around 30 million. In 1926, it reached the population 60 million, and in 40 years by 1967, it surpassed the 100 million mark. However, there was slow in growth rate in the recent years, with the rate of population change about one percent from the 1960s through the 1970s.

Since from 1980s, the growth rate has declined sharply. Japan practices census for every 5 years starting from 1920. from 1990 the growth rate rapidly declined from 2.07 to -0.75. Japan's total population was 127.09 million according to the Population Census in 2015. This was a decrease by 962,607 people as compared to the previous Census (2010), indicating the first population decline since the initiation of the Population Census in 1920. In 2016, it was 126.93 million, down by 162,000 from the year before.
Year Population Nationwide City Population County side City Percent County Percent
1920 55,963,053 10,096,758 45,866,295 18.0 82.0
1925 59,736,822 12,896,850 46,839,972 21.6 78.4
1930 64,450,005 15,444,300 49,005,705 24.0 76.0
1935 69,254,148 22,666,307 46,587,841 32.7 67.3
1940 73,114,308 27,577,539 45,536,769 37.7 62.3
1945 71,998,104 20,022,333 51,975,771 27.8 72.2
1947 78,101,473 25,857,739 52,243,734 33.1 66.9
1950 84,114,574 31,365,523 52,749,051 37.3 62.7
1955 90,076,594 50,532,410 39,544,184 56.1 43.9
1960 94,301,623 59,677,885 34,622,465 63.3 36.7
1965 99,209,137 67,356,158 31,852,979 67.9 32.1
1970 104,665,171 75,428,660 29,236,511 72.1 27.9
1975 111,939,643 84,967,269 26,972,374 75.9 24.1
1980 117,060,396 89,187,409 27,872,987 76.2 23.8
1985 121,048,923 92,889,236 28,159,687 76.7 23.3
1990 123,611,167 95,643,521 27,967,646 77.4 22.6
1995 125,570,246 98,009,107 27,561,139 78.1 21.9
2000 126,925,843 99,865,289 27,060,554 78.7 21.3
2005 127,767,994 110,264,324 17,503,670 86.3 13.7
2010 128,057,352 116,549,098 11,508,254 91.0 9.0
2015 127,094,745 116,137,232 10,957,513 91.4 8.6


Population Projection

By 2016 the total fertility rate reached 1.44 was on a downward trend after dipping below 2.00 in 1975, It marked a record low of 1.26 in 2005 and started to increase after that. The declining of birth rate may have certain reasons partly attributable to the rising maternal age at childbirth(Advanced Maternal Age). For instance in 1970, the average mothers' age at first childbirth is 25.6 years and in 2016 it rose to 30.7 years. The mean age of first marriage was 31.1 for men and 29.4 for women in 2016. Over the past 20 years, the mean age of first marriage for men rose by 2.6 years, while that of women rose by 3.0 years. In 1996: grooms mean age were 28.5 years, brides mean age was 26.4 years. In addition, by 2015 there has been an increasing trend in the percentage of lifetime non-marriages, reaching 14.1 percent for females and 23.4 percent for males which is the highest percentages. The raising marriage age, declining marriage rate and increased choice of unmarried life in recent years as described above is one explanation for the dropping birth rate. The death rate reached 10.5 in 2016 (per 1,000 population) was steady at 6.0 - 6.3 between 1975 and 1987, and maintained an uptrend since 1988, reflecting the aging of the population.
Year Birth Rate per 1000 Death Rate per 1000 Infant Mortality Natural Change Total Fertility Life Exp. Males Life Exp. Females
1950 28.1 10.9 60.1 17.2 3.65 59.57 62.97
1955 19.4 7.8 39.8 11.6 2.37 63.60 67.75
1960 17.2 7.6 30.7 9.6 2.00 65.32 70.19
1965 18.6 7.1 18.5 11.4 2.14 67.74 72.92
1970 18.8 6.9 13.1 11.8 2.13 69.31 74.66
1975 17.1 6.3 10.0 10.8 1.91 71.73 76.89
1980 13.6 6.2 7.5 7.3 1.75 73.35 78.76
1985 11.9 6.3 5.5 5.6 1.76 74.78 80.48
1990 10.0 6.7 4.6 3.3 1.54 75.92 81.90
1995 9.6 7.4 4.3 2.1 1.42 76.38 82.85
2000 9.5 7.7 3.2 1.8 1.36 77.72 84.60
2005 8.4 8.6 2.8 -0.2 1.26 78.56 85.52
2010 8.5 9.5 2.3 -1.0 1.39 79.55 86.30
2015 8.0 10.3 1.9 -2.3 1.45 80.79 87.05
2016 7.8 10.5 2.0 -2.6 1.44 - -
Source: Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare


References

https://www.stat.go.jp/english/index.html


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