Japan is an island country in East Asia lies in the eastern coast of the Eurasian continent in the northern hemisphere. It consists of the main islands of Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinawa, and more than 6,800 smaller islands of varying sizes. It has an area of approximately 380,000 sq km with the population density of 334 per sq km. Japan's total population in 2018 was 127 million ranking eleventh in the world. Average life expectancy in Japan improved after second world war, and by 2015 is at the highest level in the world with the life expectancy at birth was 87.1 years for women and 80.8 years for men. Currently Japan is 11th populated country in the world after Mexico.
Japan Population Indicators
Birth rate is 7.8 births/1000 people in 2016
Infant Mortality is 2.0/1000 live births in 2016
Fertility rate is 1.4 births per woman in 2017
Death rate is 10.5 deaths/1000 people in 2016
Population above 60 years is 32% in 2015
During the 1960s, Japan's economy grew at a rapid pace of over 10 percent per annum. This rapid economic growth was supported by private investments, abundant labour force supplied by a high rate of population growth, increase in productivity by adopting and improving foreign technologies. By 1970s, there was a sharp increase of exports of industrial products to the U.S.A. and European countries. By 2016 there were 5.4 million establishments, in Japan, at which a total of 58 million persons were employed. Below table demonstrates the Employment by Occupation(working in different work sector categories).
|Type of Job||Workers|
|Professional & Technical||9,380,461|
|Agriculture and forestry fishery||2,145,116|
|Transport & Driving||2,009,402|
|Construction & Mining||2,591,087|
In 2015, Tokyo Metropolis had the largest population of 13.52 million among Japan's 47 districts, followed in decreasing order by the districts of Kanagawa, Osaka, Aichi, and Saitama. the population density in Tokyo Metropolis was the highest among Japan's districts at 6,168.7 persons per sq km. which was 18.1 times the national average of 342 persons per sq km. These five districts each had a population of seven million or more, and together accounted for 36.4 percent of the total population.
|Cities||Population in 2010(Millions)||Population in 2015(Millions)|
From the eighteenth century through the first half of the nineteenth century, Japan's population was around 30 million. In 1926, it reached the population 60 million, and in 40 years by 1967, it surpassed the 100 million mark. However, there was slow in growth rate in the recent years, with the rate of population change about one percent from the 1960s through the 1970s.
|Year||Population Nationwide||City Population||County side||City Percent||County Percent|
|Year||Birth Rate per 1000||Death Rate per 1000||Infant Mortality||Natural Change||Total Fertility||Life Exp. Males||Life Exp. Females|