World Population
U.S > Texas

Houston Population

Houston is the most populous city of Texas State and fourth largest city in the United States. The Houston population in 2021 is estimated to be 2.3 Million, covering the area of 637 sq miles (1,650.86 sq.km). Houston has emerged as one of the great cities of the 21st century. The city of Houston was founded by real estate investors in 1836. The city is named after General Sam Houston, who was former president of the Republic of Texas and had won Texas independence from Mexico. Houston grew steadily into a trading center for the next of the 19th century. Houston's economy in 20th century is more diversified to health care, space, research as it became home to one of the major industrial base in the U.S. As the 4th largest city in the U.S., Houston is a leader in business, entertainment and arts. If the City of Houston were a state, it would rank 36th in population placing it behind Nevada and ahead of New Mexico. Although Houston remains the energy capital of the world, the industry has streamlined and redefined itself. SpaceCity has more than 43,700 acres of green and growing city parks. The Houston Downtown Aquarium is underwater dining and entertainment adventure, It features 500,000 gallons of marine life, several themed restaurants, a Ferris wheel, boardwalk, a live white tiger exhibit and dancing fountains.

Below is the Houston, Texas population by year:
YearPopulationChange %
20102,098,446
20112,124,1431.22
20122,160,0861.69
20132,198,2801.77
20142,240,9821.94
20152,286,6302.04
20162,309,7521.01
20172,317,4450.33
20182,325,5020.35
20192,320,268-0.23
20202,304,580-0.68
2021 *2,302,402-0.09
Source : Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019 & 2020 US Census updated

Houston city UN Urban Agglomeration Population Prospects - 1950 to 2035

YearHouston Population
1950709,058
1955861,414
19601,098,689
19651,343,269
19701,629,838
19751,957,815
19802,347,607
19852,609,568
19902,861,904
19953,262,253
20003,744,053
20054,264,230
20104,849,716
20114,976,162
20155,515,786
2020*6,244,538
2025*6,802,326
2035*7,508,040
Source: population.un.org/wpp/, 1950 to 2035 Houston city Population(UA)


Houston Population Ranking & Density

Houston fourth largest city in the US by rank, According to US Population Census, April 1, 2020, Houston population in 2020 is estimated to be 2,304,580 (2.3 Million), According 2019 census estimates, 25% of the population are under 18 years old, 7.7% are under 5 years old and 10.3% are 65 years and above. 69,531 are Veterans between 2014-2018. Total 848,340 households and 2.67 persons per household, and 976,745 are housing units. Median household income between 2014-2018 is $51,140. Per capita income in past 12 months is $31,576 and poverty rate is 20.6%.

1,154,069 are Male(49.6%) and 1,172,021 are Female(50.4%), Sex ratio is 98.5(males for 100 females). 169,343 are under 5 years, 578,578 are under 18 years, 1,747,512 are 18 years and over and 245,819 are 65 years and over.

Citizen Voting age population 1,325,354 are Citizen, 18 and over population, out of these 642,275 are Male, 683,079 are Female, percentage wise 48.5% are Male Voters and 51.5% are Female Voters.

Population using heating fuel in 849,105 houses are 284,620 use Utility gas, 3,383 use Bottled, tank, or LP gas, 555,341 Electricity, 478 Fuel oil, kerosene, 37 Coal or coke, 431 Wood, 402 Solar energy, 834 uses other fuel and 3,579 No fuel used.


Houston Language demographics

Language spoken at home are 1,079,622 speak only English, 838,300 speak Spanish, 11,624 French (incl. Cajun), 3,917 Haitian, 1,097 Italian, 3,001 Portuguese, 4,142 German, 707 Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or other West Germanic languages, 672 Greek, 4,547 Russian, 686 Polish, 2,869 Serbo-Croatian, 557 Ukrainian or other Slavic languages, 385 Armenian, 5,942 Persian (incl. Farsi, Dari).

Asian Indian language speakers include 9,711 speak Hindi, 3,631 Gujarati, 15,936 Urdu, 115 Punjabi, 1,859 Bengali, 7,116 Telugu, 3,971 Tamil, 3,116 Malayalam, Kannada, or other Dravidian languages, 3,539 Nepali, Marathi, or other Indic languages, 4,086 speak other Indo-European languages.

People from East Asia languages include 30,245 speak Chinese (incl. Mandarin, Cantonese), 3,670 speak Japanese, 6,330 Korean, 7,970 Tagalog (incl. Filipino), 32,958 Vietnamese, 255 Khmer, 1,344 speak Thai, Lao, or other Tai-Kadai languages, 5,292 Other languages of Asia.

2,798 speak Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or other Austronesian languages, 22,840 Arabic, 1,118 Hebrew, 7,477 Amharic, Somali, or other Afro-Asiatic languages, 15,044 Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or other languages of Western Africa, 6,201 Swahili or other languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa, 428 Other Native languages of North America and 1,629 Other and unspecified languages.


Houston Population by Age

According to 2019 US population estimates, population of Houston by age is 2,316,797, out of these 1,157,680 are male, 1,159,117 are female, The sex ratio of Houston is 100. The median age of the Houston population is 33.4, Houston population by age are, under 18 years is 571,193, 16 years and over is 1,803,388, 18 years and over is 1,745,604, 21 years and over is 1,661,471, 65 years and over is 333390. 50.0% are male, 50.0% are female, 24.7% are under 18 years old, 77.8% are 16 years and over, 75.3% are 18 years and over, 71.7% are 21 years and over, 11.3% are 65 years and over. There are total 987,158 housing units, The voting population of Houston are 1,362,920, out of these 663,093 are male voters, 699,827 are female voters, 48.7% are male,51.3% are female.

Age GroupPopulationPercent
0 -5171,9257.4%
5 - 9155,5976.7%
10 - 14154,8806.7%
15 - 19144,1966.2%
20 - 24161,7067.0%
25 - 34432,77118.7%
35 - 44333,15014.4%
45 - 54258,41111.2%
55 - 59122,3115.3%
60 - 64119,6935.2%
65 - 74160,8006.9%
75 - 8473,4583.2%
85 and over27,8991.2%
Source: 2019 US population by age estimates


Houston Population by Race

According to 2019 population of Houston by race are:

White Population

White population in Houston, Texas are 1,262,326, percentage wise they are 54.5 percent.

Black Population

Black population in Houston, Texas are 534,981, Percentage wise they are 23.1 percent of people. African American refers to black population in Houston, They are Black racial groups of Africa, includes Sub-Saharan African people, Kenyan, Nigerian, Carribbean such as Haitian and Jamaican.

Asian Population

Asian population in Houston are 150,806 6.5 percent in total population, out of these 34,097 are Asian Indians, 36,152 are Chinese, 13,916 are Filipinos, 3,055 are Japanese, 8,245 are Korean, 35,931 are Vietnamese and 19,410 are other Asian nationals.

Hispanic Population

Hispanic population in Houston, Texas are 1,060,507. Percentage wise they are 45.8, out of these 711,166 are Mexican people, 15,638 are Puerto Ricans, 14,357 are Cubans, and 319,346 are other Hispanic or Latinos.

Population by Race2,316,797Percent
White1,262,32654.5%
Black or African American534,98123.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native9,4170.4%
Cherokee tribal grouping%
Chippewa tribal grouping%
Navajo tribal grouping%
Sioux tribal grouping%
Asian Population150,8066.5%
Asian Indian34,0971.5%
Chinese36,1521.6%
Filipino13,9160.6%
Japanese3,0550.1%
Korean8,2450.4%
Vietnamese35,9311.6%
Other Asian Population19,410
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander8320.0%
Native Hawaiian%
Guamanian or Chamorro%
Hispanic or Latino1,060,50745.8%
Mexican711,16630.7%
Puerto Rican15,6380.7%
Cuban14,3570.6%
Other Hispanic or Latino319,346
Source: US Census population estimates(2019)


Nativity by Place of Birth

Total Houston native population is 1,661,692, out of these 1,233,681 born in the Texas state and 394,326 born in other state in the United States. Foreign born or Population born outside the US are 655,105, out of these 229,521 are Naturalised US citizen, 12,216 are in Europe, 59,353 in Asia, 27,606 in Africa, 128,207 in Latin America and 1,766 in Northern America. Total Foreigners who are non US citizens living in Houston are 425,584, out of these 12,175 are from Europe, 61,044 are from Asia, 24,268 from Africa, 325,044 are from Latin America and 1,831 are from Northern America.

Nativity by Place of BirthPopulation
Native1,661,692
Born in state of residence1,233,681
Born in other state in the United States394,326
Northeast63,634
Midwest0
South168,157
West71,389
Born outside the United States33,685
Puerto Rico7,961
U.S. Island Areas1,301
Born abroad of American parent(s)24,423
Foreign born
Born outside of United States655,105
Naturalized U.S. citizen229,521
Europe12,216
Asia59,353
Africa27,606
Oceania373
Latin America128,207
Northern America1,766
Foreigner
Not a U.S. citizen425,584
Europe12,175
Asia61,044
Africa24,268
Oceania1,222
Latin America325,044
Northern America1,831
Source: US Census 2019 estimates


Houston Housing

According to 2019 census estimates, Total number of houses in Houston, Texas are 987,158, Occupied housing units are 876,504, Rental vacancy rate is 8. Percentage of occupancy is 89, 35.82% of houses are owner occupied and 52.97% of houses are renter occupied in Houston. There are 43.31 percent of one-unit detached, 4.65 percent of one-units attached, 1.53 percent of two-unit houses, 3.95 percent of three or four unit homes. 0.96 percent are residing in mobile homes. Average household size of owner occupied is 3 and average household size of renter occupied is 2. 35.91 percent are available with one vehicle, 31.57 percent are available with two vehicles, 13.03 percent are available with three or more vehicles and 8.28 percent are no vehicles available.

HousingUnits
Total housing units987,158
Occupied housing units876,504
Occupied housing units percent89
Rental vacancy rate8
Structure TypeUnits
1-unit, detached427,541
1-unit attached45,883
2 units15,146
3 or 4 units39,011
Mobile home9,483
Boat, RV, van, etc.126
Owner-occupied353,562
Renter-occupied522,942
Average household size of owner-occupied unit3
Average household size of renter-occupied unit2
Source: US Census 2019 housing estimates

Houston Housing Market

The median value of housing in Houston, Texas is $195,800, According to 2019 estimated US census of housing market, 1.64 percent of houses are less than $50,000, 5.11 percent are between $50,000 to $100,000, 6.10 percent are between $100,000 to $150,000, 5.41 percent are between $150,000 to $200,000, 6.08 percent are between $200,000 to $300,000, 6.13 percent are between $300,000 to $500,000, 3.94 percent are between $500,000 to one million, 1.42 percent are over one million and above.

Housing unit valueUnits
Less than $50,00016,217
$50,000 to $99,99950,411
$100,000 to $149,99960,189
$150,000 to $199,99953,404
$200,000 to $299,99959,993
$300,000 to $499,99960,469
$500,000 to $999,99938,906
$1,000,000 or more13,973
Median (dollars)195,800
Source: US Census 2019 housing market estimates

Houston Housing Mortgage

The median monthly owner costs with mortgage is $1,742, 0.05 percent of homes pays less than $500 per month, 2.43 percent pay between $500 to $999, 5.00 percent pay between $1,000 to $1,499, 3.37 percent pay between $1,500 to $1,999, 2.35 percent pay between $2,000 to $2,499, 1.63 percent pay between $2,500 to $2,999, 3.45 percent pay between $3,000 or more.

The median monthly owner costs with out mortgage is $549, 2.19 percent of homes pay less than $250, 3.48 percent pays between $250 to $399, 4.05 percent pay between $400 to $599, 3.07 percent pays between $600 to $799, 1.58 percent pays between $800 to $999, and 3.10 pays between $1000 or more.

Monthly Owner costs with mortgageUnits
Less than $500541
$500 to $99923,981
$1,000 to $1,49949,344
$1,500 to $1,99933,290
$2,000 to $2,49923,196
$2,500 to $2,99916,083
$3,000 or more34,065
Median (dollars)1,742
Monthly Owner costs with out mortgageUnits
Less than $25021,584
$250 to $39934,308
$400 to $59939,990
$600 to $79930,321
$800 to $99915,605
$1,000 or more30,642
Median (dollars)549
Source: US Census 2019 housing mortgage estimates

Houston Rental

Total number of Houston rental homes or apartments are 522,942, occupied by Renter, The median value of Houston average rental rate is $ 1,095. 3.35 percent of homes are under $500, 36.94 percent of rental rates between $500 to $1000, 51.69 percent housing units are from $1000 to $2000, 4.05 percent are between $2000 to $3000, and 1.25 percent are above $3000.

        
RentalUnits
Less than $50017,527
$500 to $999193,196
$1,000 to $1,499199,205
$1,500 to $1,99971,083
$2,000 to $2,49913,787
$2,500 to $2,9997,367
$3,000 or more6,535
Median (dollars)1,095
Source: US Census 2019 housing rental estimates


Houston History

YearPopulation
18371500
190044,633
191078,800
1920138,276
1930292,352
1940384,514
1950596,163
1960938,219
19701,232,802
19801,595,138
19901,630,553
20001,953,631
20102,100,263

Before Houston city came in to presence, indigenous peoples use to live in this area for the past 2000 years. The city of Houston was founded by real estate investors in 1836. The city is named for Sam Houston, the first president of the Republic of Texas. Samuel Houston was an American soldier and politician, leader of the Texas Revolution, Houston served as the first and third president of the Republic of Texas. In 1837, Sam Houston arrives at his namesake town, estimates 1500 people and 100 houses. In 1900 Oil is discovered nearby areas of Houston and the population is 44,633 and by 1910 the population is 78,800. The city's history has been intertwined with energy industry since the discovery of oil at Spindletop in East Texas in 1901. Within 10 years of time, that discovery led to the founding of The Texas Company (which is now Chevron) and Humble Oil and Refining Company (now ExxonMobil), both with operations based in Houston.

© 2019-2021 populationU, Research papers on Population dynamics and Social affairs