World Population > U.S > Texas

Houston Population


Houston is the most populous city of Texas State and fourth largest city in the United States. The Houston population in 2021 is estimated to be 2.31 Million, and the area is 637 sq miles (1,650.86 Houston has emerged as one of the great cities of the 21st century. The city of Houston was founded by real estate investors in 1836. The city is named after General Sam Houston, who was former president of the Republic of Texas and had won Texas independence from Mexico. Houston grew steadily into a trading center for the next of the 19th century. Houston's economy in 20th century is more diversified to health care, space, research as it became home to one of the major industrial base in the U.S. As the 4th largest city in the U.S., Houston is a leader in business, entertainment and arts. If the City of Houston were a state, it would rank 36th in population placing it behind Nevada and ahead of New Mexico. Although Houston remains the energy capital of the world, the industry has streamlined and redefined itself. SpaceCity has more than 43,700 acres of green and growing city parks. The Houston Downtown Aquarium is underwater dining and entertainment adventure, It features 500,000 gallons of marine life, several themed restaurants, a Ferris wheel, boardwalk, a live white tiger exhibit and dancing fountains.

YearPopulationChange %
2020 *2,317,948-0.10
2021 *2,315,859-0.09
Source : Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019

Houston city UN Urban Agglomeration Population Prospects - 1950 to 1935
YearHouston Population
Source:, 1950 to 1935 Houston city Population(UA)

Houston Size and Population

Houston population in 2020 is estimated to be 2,317,948 (2.3 Million), According 2019 census estimates, 25% of the population are under 18 years old, 7.7% are under 5 years old and 10.3% are 65 years and above. 69,531 are Veterans between 2014-2018. Total 848,340 households and 2.67 persons per household, and 976,745 are housing units. Median household income between 2014-2018 is $51,140. Per capita income in past 12 months is $31,576 and poverty rate is 20.6%.

1,154,069 are Male(49.6%) and 1,172,021 are Female(50.4%), Sex ratio is 98.5(males for 100 females). 169,343 are under 5 years, 578,578 are under 18 years, 1,747,512 are 18 years and over and 245,819 are 65 years and over.

Citizen Voting age population 1,325,354 are Citizen, 18 and over population, out of these 642,275 are Male, 683,079 are Female, percentage wise 48.5% are Male Voters and 51.5% are Female Voters.

Population using heating fuel in 849,105 houses are 284,620 use Utility gas, 3,383 use Bottled, tank, or LP gas, 555,341 Electricity, 478 Fuel oil, kerosene, 37 Coal or coke, 431 Wood, 402 Solar energy, 834 uses other fuel and 3,579 No fuel used.

Languages spoken in Houston

Language spoken at home are 1,079,622 speak only English, 838,300 speak Spanish, 11,624 French (incl. Cajun), 3,917 Haitian, 1,097 Italian, 3,001 Portuguese, 4,142 German, 707 Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or other West Germanic languages, 672 Greek, 4,547 Russian, 686 Polish, 2,869 Serbo-Croatian, 557 Ukrainian or other Slavic languages, 385 Armenian, 5,942 Persian (incl. Farsi, Dari).

Asian Indian language speakers include 9,711 speak Hindi, 3,631 Gujarati, 15,936 Urdu, 115 Punjabi, 1,859 Bengali, 7,116 Telugu, 3,971 Tamil, 3,116 Malayalam, Kannada, or other Dravidian languages, 3,539 Nepali, Marathi, or other Indic languages, 4,086 speak other Indo-European languages.

People from East Asia languages include 30,245 speak Chinese (incl. Mandarin, Cantonese), 3,670 speak Japanese, 6,330 Korean, 7,970 Tagalog (incl. Filipino), 32,958 Vietnamese, 255 Khmer, 1,344 speak Thai, Lao, or other Tai-Kadai languages, 5,292 Other languages of Asia.

2,798 speak Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or other Austronesian languages, 22,840 Arabic, 1,118 Hebrew, 7,477 Amharic, Somali, or other Afro-Asiatic languages, 15,044 Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or other languages of Western Africa, 6,201 Swahili or other languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa, 428 Other Native languages of North America and 1,629 Other and unspecified languages.

Ethnic groups

As on 2018 Census estimates, Houston Population by race are, 53.8 are White Americans, 22.5% are Black Amercians, 0.4% are AIAN, 7.3% are Asians(1.8% Indians, 1.6% Chinese, 1.6% Vietnamese) and NHPI represents 0.1%.

1,252,435 people are Whites, followed by 522,419 are Black or African American, 8,662 are American Indian and Alaska Native, 169,263 are Asians, out of these 41,090 are Asian Indians, 37,704 are Chinese, 12,566 are Filipinos, 3,798 are Japanese, 7,959 are Korean, 37,901 are Vietnamese, 28,245 are other Asians.

1,259 are Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 1,044,930 are Hispanic/Latino (of any race) out of these 734,538 are Mexican, 18,066 are Puerto Ricans, 17,574 are Cubans.

Houston History


Before Houston city came in to presence, indigenous peoples use to live in this area for the past 2000 years. The city of Houston was founded by real estate investors in 1836. The city is named for Sam Houston, the first president of the Republic of Texas. Samuel Houston was an American soldier and politician, leader of the Texas Revolution, Houston served as the first and third president of the Republic of Texas. In 1837, Sam Houston arrives at his namesake town, estimates 1500 people and 100 houses. In 1900 Oil is discovered nearby areas of Houston and the population is 44,633 and by 1910 the population is 78,800. The city's history has been intertwined with energy industry since the discovery of oil at Spindletop in East Texas in 1901. Within 10 years of time, that discovery led to the founding of The Texas Company (which is now Chevron) and Humble Oil and Refining Company (now ExxonMobil), both with operations based in Houston.

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