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Houston Population 2024

Houston is the most populous city of Texas State and fourth largest city in the United States. The Houston population in 2024 is estimated to be 2.31 million, covering the area of 637 sq miles (1,650.86 Houston has emerged as one of the great cities of the 21st century. The city of Houston was founded by real estate investors in 1836. The city is named after General Sam Houston, who was former president of the Republic of Texas and had won Texas independence from Mexico. Houston grew steadily into a trading center for the next of the 19th century. Houston's economy in 20th century is more diversified to health care, space, research as it became home to one of the major industrial base in the U.S. As the 4th largest city in the U.S., Houston is a leader in business, entertainment and arts. If the City of Houston were a state, it would rank 36th in population placing it behind Nevada and ahead of New Mexico. Although Houston remains the energy capital of the world, the industry has streamlined and redefined itself. Space City has more than 43,700 acres of green and growing city parks. The Houston Downtown Aquarium is underwater dining and entertainment adventure, It features 500,000 gallons of marine life, several themed restaurants, a Ferris wheel, boardwalk, a live white tiger exhibit and dancing fountains.

Below is the Houston population by year:

YearPopulationChange %
2021 *2,287,042-0.761
2022 *2,305,7090.81
2023 *2,313,0840.32
2024 *2,314,6970.07
Source : Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, 2020 US Census & 2021 estimates updated

Houston city UN Urban Agglomeration Population Prospects - 1950 to 2035

YearHouston Population
Source:, 1950 to 2035 Houston city Population(UA)

Houston Population Ranking & Density

Houston fourth largest city in the US by rank, According to US Population Census, April 1, 2020, Houston population in 2020 is estimated to be 2,304,580 (2.3 Million), According 2019 census estimates, 25% of the population are under 18 years old, 7.7% are under 5 years old and 10.3% are 65 years and above. 69,531 are Veterans between 2014-2018. Total 848,340 households and 2.67 persons per household, and 976,745 are housing units. Median household income between 2014-2018 is $51,140. Per capita income in past 12 months is $31,576 and poverty rate is 20.6%. The Houston population in 2023 is estimated to be 2.31 million, population in 2022 is estimated to be 2.30 million, and in 2021 is estimated to be 2.28 Million.

1,154,069 are Male(49.6%) and 1,172,021 are Female(50.4%), Sex ratio is 98.5(males for 100 females). 169,343 are under 5 years, 578,578 are under 18 years, 1,747,512 are 18 years and over and 245,819 are 65 years and over. Greater Houston, Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land is the fifth largest city in Metropolitan statistical area.

Citizen Voting age population 1,325,354 are Citizen, 18 and over population, out of these 642,275 are Male, 683,079 are Female, percentage wise 48.5% are Male Voters and 51.5% are Female Voters.

Population using heating fuel in 849,105 houses are 284,620 use Utility gas, 3,383 use Bottled, tank, or LP gas, 555,341 Electricity, 478 Fuel oil, kerosene, 37 Coal or coke, 431 Wood, 402 Solar energy, 834 uses other fuel and 3,579 No fuel used.

Houston Language demographics

Language spoken at home are 1,079,622 speak only English, 838,300 speak Spanish, 11,624 French (incl. Cajun), 3,917 Haitian, 1,097 Italian, 3,001 Portuguese, 4,142 German, 707 Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or other West Germanic languages, 672 Greek, 4,547 Russian, 686 Polish, 2,869 Serbo-Croatian, 557 Ukrainian or other Slavic languages, 385 Armenian, 5,942 Persian (incl. Farsi, Dari).

Asian Indian language speakers include 9,711 speak Hindi, 3,631 Gujarati, 15,936 Urdu, 115 Punjabi, 1,859 Bengali, 7,116 Telugu, 3,971 Tamil, 3,116 Malayalam, Kannada, or other Dravidian languages, 3,539 Nepali, Marathi, or other Indic languages, 4,086 speak other Indo-European languages.

People from East Asia languages include 30,245 speak Chinese (incl. Mandarin, Cantonese), 3,670 speak Japanese, 6,330 Korean, 7,970 Tagalog (incl. Filipino), 32,958 Vietnamese, 255 Khmer, 1,344 speak Thai, Lao, or other Tai-Kadai languages, 5,292 Other languages of Asia.

2,798 speak Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or other Austronesian languages, 22,840 Arabic, 1,118 Hebrew, 7,477 Amharic, Somali, or other Afro-Asiatic languages, 15,044 Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or other languages of Western Africa, 6,201 Swahili or other languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa, 428 Other Native languages of North America and 1,629 Other and unspecified languages.

Houston Population by Age

According to 2019 US population estimates, population of Houston by age is 2,316,797, out of these 1,157,680 are male, 1,159,117 are female, The sex ratio of Houston is 100. The median age of the Houston population is 33.4, Houston population by age are, under 18 years is 571,193, 16 years and over is 1,803,388, 18 years and over is 1,745,604, 21 years and over is 1,661,471, 65 years and over is 333390. 50.0% are male, 50.0% are female, 24.7% are under 18 years old, 77.8% are 16 years and over, 75.3% are 18 years and over, 71.7% are 21 years and over, 11.3% are 65 years and over. There are total 987,158 housing units, The voting population of Houston are 1,362,920, out of these 663,093 are male voters, 699,827 are female voters, 48.7% are male,51.3% are female.

Age GroupPopulationPercent
0 -5171,9257.4%
5 - 9155,5976.7%
10 - 14154,8806.7%
15 - 19144,1966.2%
20 - 24161,7067.0%
25 - 34432,77118.7%
35 - 44333,15014.4%
45 - 54258,41111.2%
55 - 59122,3115.3%
60 - 64119,6935.2%
65 - 74160,8006.9%
75 - 8473,4583.2%
85 and over27,8991.2%
Source: 2019 US population by age estimates

Houston Population by Race

According to 2019 population of Houston by race are:

White Population

White population in Houston, Texas are 1,262,326, percentage wise they are 54.5 percent.

Black Population

Black population in Houston, Texas are 534,981, Percentage wise they are 23.1 percent of people. African American refers to black population in Houston, They are Black racial groups of Africa, includes Sub-Saharan African people, Kenyan, Nigerian, Carribbean such as Haitian and Jamaican.

Asian Population

Asian population in Houston are 150,806 6.5 percent in total population, out of these 34,097 are Asian Indians, 36,152 are Chinese, 13,916 are Filipinos, 3,055 are Japanese, 8,245 are Korean, 35,931 are Vietnamese and 19,410 are other Asian nationals.

Hispanic Population

Hispanic population in Houston, Texas are 1,060,507. Percentage wise they are 45.8, out of these 711,166 are Mexican people, 15,638 are Puerto Ricans, 14,357 are Cubans, and 319,346 are other Hispanic or Latinos.

Population by Race2,316,797Percent
Black or African American534,98123.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native9,4170.4%
Asian Population150,8066.5%
Asian Indian34,0971.5%
Other Asian Population19,410
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander8320.0%
Hispanic or Latino1,060,50745.8%
Puerto Rican15,6380.7%
Other Hispanic or Latino319,346
Source: US Census population estimates(2019)

Nativity by Place of Birth

Total Houston native population is 1,661,692, out of these 1,233,681 born in the Texas state and 394,326 born in other state in the United States. Foreign born or Population born outside the US are 655,105, out of these 229,521 are Naturalised US citizen, 12,216 are in Europe, 59,353 in Asia, 27,606 in Africa, 128,207 in Latin America and 1,766 in Northern America. Total Foreigners who are non US citizens living in Houston are 425,584, out of these 12,175 are from Europe, 61,044 are from Asia, 24,268 from Africa, 325,044 are from Latin America and 1,831 are from Northern America.

Nativity by Place of BirthPopulation
Born in state of residence1,233,681
Born in other state in the United States394,326
Born outside the United States33,685
Puerto Rico7,961
U.S. Island Areas1,301
Born abroad of American parent(s)24,423
Foreign born
Born outside of United States655,105
Naturalized U.S. citizen229,521
Latin America128,207
Northern America1,766
Not a U.S. citizen425,584
Latin America325,044
Northern America1,831
Source: US Census 2019 estimates

Houston History


Before Houston city came in to presence, indigenous peoples use to live in this area for the past 2000 years. The city of Houston was founded by real estate investors in 1836. The city is named for Sam Houston, the first president of the Republic of Texas. Samuel Houston was an American soldier and politician, leader of the Texas Revolution, Houston served as the first and third president of the Republic of Texas. In 1837, Sam Houston arrives at his namesake town, estimates 1500 people and 100 houses. In 1900 Oil is discovered nearby areas of Houston and the population is 44,633 and by 1910 the population is 78,800. The city's history has been intertwined with energy industry since the discovery of oil at Spindletop in East Texas in 1901. Within 10 years of time, that discovery led to the founding of The Texas Company (which is now Chevron) and Humble Oil and Refining Company (now ExxonMobil), both with operations based in Houston.

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