Madrid is the capital and most populous city of Spain. According to Instituto Nacional de Estadistica, Madrid population in 2023 is estimated to be 6.91 million and covering area of 604.31 sq km (233.33 sq mi) and lies at an astounding 667 meters above sea-level. Madrid lies on the southern Meseta Central, on the River Manzanares in the center. Madrid originally called Mayrit or Magerit, which means place of abundant water. Because of the central geographical position of Madrid and the water source, Madrid has become capital of Spain from 16th century. Madrid is the third biggest city in the European Union behind London and Paris. Madrid is considered as financial city of Europe and is home to two world popular football clubs, Real Madrid and AtlÃ©tico Madrid. Madrid has become cosmopolitan culture with the influx of immigrants from many parts of the world, particularly from Latin America and Asia. Madrid became the European Capital of Culture in 1992, Undoubtedly, the city has one of the most overwhelming museums and the popular Prado museum of 12th to 19th century of European and Spanish art, and the other being Reina Sofia Museum of Modern Art. Madrid is a safe city as in most European cities visitors should be vary of pickpockets on transportation and sightseeing areas.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and is divided into 21 districts, which are further subdivided into 131 administrative wards. Centro is the central district of Madrid with 140,991 people, containing the neighbourhoods of Palacio, Justicia, Embajadores, Cortes and Universidade. Arganzuela is the neighbourhood with 156,176 where the city's main railway station is located. Retiro district is located southeast of the city centre with 120,873 people. The north-eastern district Salamanca contains 7 barrios with 148,405 inhabitants, and is one of the most expensive neighbourhoods in Madrid, where you can find the most exclusive international and Spanish designer brands. Chamartin is the district home to 148,039 people, and Real Madrid's Santiago BernabÃ©u stadium and the Chamartin railway station. TetuÃ n district with 161,991, La Latina is one of the oldest areas of Madrid with 242,923 people and is famous for its many tapas bars. Monte de El Pardo has been classified as a protected area due to its birdlife. Hortaleza is also home to a large community of French immigrants and the Hortaleza district population is 193,833. Villaverde with 154,915 people is a popular district for many immigrants, due to cheaper housing prices. Barajas with 50,158 inhabitants, where the Adolfo SuÃ¡rez Madrid-Barajas Airport is located.
|Puente de Vallecas||241,666|
|Villa de Vallecas||114,832|
Madrid Population Ranking & Density
Madrid population in 2022 is estimated to be 6.89 million, population in 2021 is estimated to be 6.8 million, and in 2020 is estimated to be 6.7 million, Out of these figures 1,023,465 are from 0 to 14 years old people, 1,994,296 are between 15 years and 39 years, 2,516,327 are between 40 years and 64 years, 845,847 are between 65 and 79 years, 289592 are above 80 years old persons.
According to Instituto Nacional, out of total 6,747,425 Madrid inhabitants in Jan 2020, 5,436,157 are local Spanish citizens, 252,979 are from European Union (without Spain), 44,115 are from rest of Europe, 122,907 are Africans, 35,807 are North Americans, 155,947 are from Central America and the Caribbean, 597,498 are from South America, 99,955 are Asians and 2,059 from Oceania. As per Kyero 2019 statistics, There are 111,060 foreign residents in Madrid (1.7% of the population).
Madrid has archaeological signs of human occupation prior to Roman period before 100 300 AD probably a small village. Madrid, originally called Mayrit, was under Arab occupation, founded by the emir Muhammad at the end of the ninth century. In the medieval of Spain and Portugal, a series of campaigns attempted by Christian states to recapture territory from the Muslims popularly called as Moors, who had occupied most of the Iberian Peninsula in the 8th and 9th century. The main city in the Spanish plain had been Toledo. The Christian king Alfonso VI of Castile and Leon captured the town from the Muslims in 1083, During the conquest by the Christians, Madrid passed from Muslim to Christian hands several times, all symbols of the Muslim world were removed from the city and part of the cultural heritage. In the wake of the Reconquista during 15th century, Moors and Jews banded together and formed a concentrated population in Madrid named Moreria to this day. In 1494 Moors were all denounced as unbelievers and expelled from Spain. Mosques and other Muslim art and cultures were disappeared from the area. In 1561, the King of Spain, Philip II moved the court from Toledo to Madrid in 1561 with out any official declaration and the population is expected to have more than 40,000 inhabitants and the seat of the court became the de facto capital. Bridge of Segovia built in 1584. By 1598 the population of Madrid had reached 60,000, and by the time of the first extant plan of Madrid. Plaza Mayor and Casa de la Panaderia built in 1619. During the 17th century, Madrid grew rapidly and has a approximate population of 150,000. Madrid infrastructure was more immense during the 18th century to new buildings, bridges and city gates. The Royal Palace, Palacio de Oriente, standing next to the large Plaza de Oriente square was constructed on the site of the ruins of the Alcazar. In 1739 Philip V began constructing new palaces, including the Palacio Real de Madrid. Casa de Fieras del Retiro opened in the year of 1774. In 1929 Gran Via was constructed. The Madrid was attracted by the city expanding industrial belt during the 1950s and 60s, has created a modern population representative of the entire Spanish country. By 1800 the Madrid population is 160,000, and 281,000 in 1850 and the population reached 539,835 in 1900.
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