Paris is the capital and located in north-central of France. For centuries Paris has been one of the important city of the world, According to insee, Paris population in 2021 is 2.1 million and the area is 105.4 sq.km. One of the most popular landmarks in Paris is the Eiffel Tower and has almost 7 million visitors every year. Paris is ranked as the world's second most travel destination in the world in 2019, after Bangkok and just ahead of London with around 38 million visitors and mostly coming from US, UK, Germany and China. By road, Paris is 305 km southwest of Brussels, 450 km southeast of London, 485 km to Switzerland, 287 km south of Calais city, 385 km northeast of Nantes and and 135 km southeast of Rouen. The Seine is a long river and commercial waterway within the Paris Basin in the north of France and flows for about 13 km through the centre of the city and 10 of the 20 arrondissements. It enters the city at the southeast corner, flows northwestward, and turns gradually southwestward, eventually leaving Paris at the southwest corner. Paris city is the global center for fashion, culture, art and technology. The city is popularly known for the fashion world, and most populous city of the Europe, attractive due to the opportunities in business, art, study, painting and culture. Much of central Paris city was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1991. Many of the Paris boulevards, old buildings, plazas, monuments, gardens and bridges are beautiful cityscapes of the world.
|Paris City(2020)||Grand Paris (2020)||Paris UA(2020)|
|Population||2.1 million||7.2 million||10.9 million|
|Area||105.4 sq km||814 sq km||2,300 sq km|
|Rank||1 (France)||1 (Europe)(b)||28 (World)(a)|
(b) The Greater Paris Metropolis or Grand Paris was created on January 1, 2016. It was created by the law of January 27, 2014 for the modernization of territorial public action and the affirmation of metropolises.
The Metropolis of Greater Paris is that connected areas have specific features in terms of transportation, housing and the distribution of economic activity. Grand Paris is an urban, social, and economic development project which brings together the strategic areas with Paris at the heart of the Greater Paris area. The main objective of the Grand Paris project is the sustainable development of the region's economy and employment and making the Greater Paris position among the most attractive international cities. Seven territories, or clusters, have been identified as strategic development centres, they are Saclay (for innovation and research), Villejuif – Evry (health), La Défense (finance), Saint-Denis – Pleyel (creativity), Roissy CDG (international exchange and events), Le Bourget (aeronautics) and Descartes – Marne-la-Vallée (sustainable cities). While the transportation network may be considered the key of development, Grand Paris Express is a new transportation system being developed independently for the metropolitan people to connect all districts in the Paris suburbs. Paris city UN Urban Agglomeration Population Prospects - 1950 to 1935
The Paris city is divided into twenty arrondissements municipaux, administrative districts, more simply referred to as arrondissements meaning boroughs or city districts. Populations of municipal districts as per statistical reference date on January 1, 2017.
8th Arrondissement is located on the right bank of the Seine river and is popular for shopping and dining and one of the best places to stay in Paris.
Paris Size and Population
Paris population in 2020 is 2,148,271 (2 million), As per 2020 Paris population statistics insee reference, 406,652 people are between 0-19 years, 718,825 are between 20-39 years, 536,676 are between 40-59 years, 311,978 are between 60-74 years and 174,140 are 75 years and above. Total number of households are 1,141,623. Paris Poverty rate in 2017 is 15.2%. Population density in 2017 is 20,754 people per sq.km.
Below table is the Paris historical population according to France Census years since 1968.
In 1860 the area of Pairs is 78 sq. km.(30 sq. mi.), By the year 1920, the city limits were expanded marginally to 86.9 sq.km. (33.6 sq. mi.). In 1929, the Bois de Boulogne and Bois de Vincennes forest parks were officially annexed to the city, bringing its area to about 105 sq. km.(41 sq. mi.).
Languages spoken in Paris
French is the only official language, Most of the population speak Parisian dialect of French.
The history of Paris dates back to approximately 259 BC, with the Parisii, a Celtic tribe called Parisii settled on the Ile de la Cite of the Seine river. According to the localhistories, In 52 BC, Paris was conquered by Julius Caesar, It is the regional center under the Romans and in the early Middle Ages, Romans built a town on the River Seine, and estimated population is around 25,000. The Romans used to call as Paris Lutetia and by 150 AD the population is 80,000 and it is considered as peak era of Romans. In the year 508, Clovis I made Paris the capital of his empire. In 987, the Capetian dynasty came to power and ruled until 1328. By this time Paris is most populated city in Europe with 250,000 people. In 1528, King Francis I returned the royal residence to Paris and the city became the largest in Western Europe with 275,000. Paris was the center of the French Revolution which broke out in 1789 which was at the peak with 630,000 people. In 1799, Napoleon became ruler of France, Napoleon reorganised city into twelve arrondissements and built Pont des Arts, Arc de Triomphe and La Madeleine. In 1814 allied armies occupied Paris. In 1830 another revolution took place in Paris. The Duke of Orléans, Louis Philippe became a constitutional monarch of France and then the population is 785,862 in 1830. In 1832 cholera epidemic killed 18,500 people in the city. By 1846 the Paris population reached 1 million and city is overcrowded. During this time Paris grew rapidly but many of its people lived in dire poverty. In 1848, Napoleon III took power in France and lasted until 1870 parts of Paris were rebuilt and the population reached 1.8 million and by 1878 the population of Paris crossed 2 million mark and the population is doubled in 32 years. Paris was soon recovered and it prospered in the late 19th century. In 1887 construction begins of the Eiffel Tower and was unveiled in 1889 and the Metro opened in 1900.