World Population

Mexico City Population 2024

Mexico city is the capital city of Mexico and the most populous city in North America, is officially renamed as Ciudad de Mexico in Spanish. Mexico city population in 2024 is 22.6 million. The city's remarkable size and complexity have evolved in tandem with the radical transformation of its surroundings. Its fifth most populous city in the world behind Sao Paulo, Brazil. It is located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de Mexico), a large valley in the high plateaus in the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 meters (7,350 ft). Mexico city population and economy are larger than those of more than a hundred countries in the world. Till 2005, Mexico City was the second most populated city of the world for many years, after Tokyo. Currently this is the fifth largest city with around 22 million people (Tokyo, Delhi, Shanghai and São Paulo make the top 4). Mexico City has the largest number of museums in the Americas and the second largest number in the world, second only to London. It has 151 museums and more than 200 that lack official recognition. Mexico City contributes almost one fifth of Mexico's GDP (17%). Its economic growth is one of the highest and according to estimates its economy is set to double by 2020, moving to seventh place, right after Tokyo, New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Paris and London. More than 20% of the Mexican economy is from the capital city and most important financial centers of not only the Americas, but the world. Mexico City has more than 15 million visitors, out of these 10 million were domestic tourists.

Mexico City
Mexico City(2015)Mexico City Metropolitan Area(2020)
Population8.9 million21.6 million
Area1,485 sq.km9,560
Rank1 (Mexico)5 (World)
Greater Mexico City refers Mexico city Metropolitan Area compromises of 16 Municipalities of Mexico city and an agglomeration that incorporates 18 additional municipalities which are adjacent metropolitan areas, of which the biggest are Puebla, Toluca, and Cuernavaca-Cuautla.

Mexico City city UN Urban Agglomeration Population Prospects - 1950 to 2035

YearMexico City Population
Source:, 1950 to 2035 Mexico City city Population(UA)

The city has 16 subdivisions, formerly known as boroughs, namely, Álvaro Obregón, Azcapotzalco, Cuajimalpa de Morelos, Cuauhtémoc, Benito Juárez, Coyoacán, Gustavo A. Madero, Iztacalco, Iztapalapa, Magdalena Contreras, Miguel Hidalgo, Milpa Alta, Tláhuac, Tlalpan, Venustiano Carranza and Xochimilco.
According to eluniversal, Iztapalapa is the Mexico City's most densely populated suburb with area of 116, Around 2 million people live in Iztapalapa as per the 2020 estimates, and a third of people live in poverty, and lack of clean water. Crime and drug trafficking is the major problem in Iztapalapa. Gustavo A. Madero is second populous suburb with an area of 88, around 1.2 million people are living in the district.
Coyoacán is a municipality of Mexico City and the former village which is now the borough's historic center. This village, later municipality, of Coyoacan remained completely independent of Mexico City through the colonial period into the 19th century. In 1857, the area was incorporated into the Federal District when this district was expanded.
Cuajimalpa de Morelos is one of the boroughs of Mexico City located on the west side of the city in the Sierra de las Cruces mountains which separate Mexico City from the State of Mexico. The borough is named after the former rural town of Cuajimalpa, which has since been absorbed by urban sprawl. The borough is home to the Desierto de los Leones National Park, the first declared in Mexico as well as the second largest annual passion play in Mexico City.
Cuauhtémoc, named after the former Aztec leader, is one of the boroughs of Mexico City. It consists of the oldest parts of the city, the important tourist attractions of the historic center and Zona Rosa, and various skyscrapers such as the Torre Mayor, It also contains numerous museums, libraries, government offices, markets and other commercial centers which can bring in as many as 5 million people each day to work, shop or visit cultural sites.

Mexico City BoroughsPopulation(2010)
Álvaro Obregón727,034
Benito Juárez385,439
Gustavo A. Madero1,185,772
Magdalena Contreras239,086
Miguel Hidalgo372,889
Milpa Alta130,582
Tláhuac 360,265
Venustiano Carranza430,978

Mexico City Population Ranking & Density

Mexico city population in 2023 is 22.2 million, population in 2022 is 21.9 million, population in 2021 is 21.7 million, and in 2020 is 21.6 million, According to inegi, Mexico city population in 2015 is 8,985,339 with a land area of 573 sq. mi.(1,485 Total number of households are 2,601,323. Mexico city is one of the main financial and cultural centers of both the Americas and the world. Mexico City has the highest taxi population in the world. Mexico City metro system (subway) is the largest of Latin America, with 12 lines along 226 kms, 195 stations and 7 million people using it every day.

Mexico City Language demographics

Majority of Mexicans speak Spanish, There are also 68 recognised regional languages spoken among Mexico's native peoples. There is no official language in Mexico, but Spanish is the de facto national language. By 2010, over 122,421 people who are indigenous language speakers in Mexico city. Some of the indegenous languages include Nahuatl, Yucatec Maya, Mixtec, Zapoteco, Tzeltal Maya, Tzotzil Maya. Other languages from the migrated people include Japanese, German, Greek, Arabic, Venetian (in Chipilo), Italian, French, Occitan, Catalan, Basque, Galician, Asturian, Filipino, Polish, Hebrew, Korean, Ladino, Plautdietsch, Armenian and Chinese.

Mexico City History

Mexico City is the oldest settlements in the western hemisphere and lies in the valley of Mexico, It was inhabited by several indigenous groups from 100 to 900 A.D. These tribes were related to the Toltecas, who established Tula in approximately 850 A.D., was populous in the oldest time, a larger population than any European city at that time, It is the oldest capital city of the Americas, Founded in 1325. It was the capital of the Aztec Empire which had approximately 300 thousand people. Spanish conquers founded Mexico City in 1521, Mexico City was the political and administrative center of of the Spanish colonial empire. Its original name in the local indigenous language was Tenochtitlan or Mexico-Tenochtitlan, which was preserved by the Spanish Crown. Afterwards, the Mexicans named it just Mexico, it was the capital city of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. In 1524, the Mexico City municipality was established, known as México Tenochtitlán, and as of 1585, the city was officially known as Ciudad de México (Mexico City). On July 17, 1861, Mexican President Benito Juárez suspended all payments to Spain, France and Britain, who launched a combined assault on Veracruz in January 1862. The French took control over Mexico city, even though Britain and Spain withdrew their forces. In 1864, French Emperor Napoleon III, Maximiliano de Hamburgo arrived to rule Mexico, But was assassinated on June 19, 1867, and thereafter liberal government of Benito Juárez regained Mexico.

YearPopulation(in thousands)
The city began to grow rapidly in 20th century. In 1900, the population of Mexico City was about 345,000. Mexico City is popular for largest number of palaces in the continent, as it was the capital city of New Spain and the financial center of the Americas for three centuries. In the 19th century Charles Joseph La Trobe, Lieutenant Governor of the colony of Victoria in Australia, named it "The City of Palaces". There are at least eight important archaeological sites in Mexico City: Cuicuilco, Santa Cruz Acalpixca, the Templo Mayor, Tlatelolco, Santa Cecilia, Tenayuca, Teotihuacan and Acozaco.

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