Mumbai is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. As per the Mumbai Metropolitan Region estimates of UN World Urban Agglomeration Population Prospects, According to MMR projection, Mumbai Population in 2023 is 27.18 Million (2.78 Crores), and second most populous in India after Delhi and 9th populated city in the world. Under Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, a total of 12.5 million as per 2011 census. Mumbai old name "Bombay", The name was officially changed from Bombay to Mumbai in 1995, Mumbai city was originally a conglomeration of seven islands on the geographic belt of Konkan coastline which joined to form the island city of Bombay. Mumbai city area is 603 sq km with 12 million population, as per the extended UA, Metro area is 4,355 sq km with 20 million population. Mumbai consists of two distinct regions, The districts of Mumbai are City district and Mumbai Suburban district, which form two separate revenue districts of Maharashtra. Mumbai is economical hub and commercial capital of the country, Bollywood, the Indian Cinema is the birthplace in Mumbai. Brihanmumbai means Big or Major Mumbai, currently it is called as Greater Mumbai. Mumbai city originally was limited up to Sion and Mahim. So when mumbai areas initially got expanded to the growth it was states as Brihanmumbai, started developing in Chunabhatti and Bandra, and before year 1960 these regions were called outer Mumbai and later expanded to Dahisar and Mulund and later it merged in to BMC. The city divided in to two districts, Mumbai and Mumbai Suburban district and BMC has become Municipal corporation of Greater Mumbai. Local citizens, popularly known as "Mumbaikars". It is possible that one may find medical store at every street corner and also there will be a Vada pav stall. Mumbaikars travel an average of 5 hours, due to rental are expensive. The largest slum in India is in Dharavi, Mumbai. There is a great mechanism of delivering the lunch to right to your office in Mumbai, The popular Dabbawala service that delivers your home food or mess food right at your office desk. Mumbai will make you feel time is money like no other city. Women is safe at nights at most parts of Mumbai compared to other cities of India. Marine Drive is the popular destination to celebrate. Mumbai is the financial city of India, and other financial cities of the world are New York City, Paris, London and Milan.
Mumbai Population Ranking & Density
|Mumbai City(2011)||Mumbai UA(2022)(MMR)|
|Population||12.4 million||27.12 million|
|Area||603 sq km||4,355 sq km|
|Rank||1 (India)||9 (World)|
By 2021, Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR) is divided into 9 Municipal Corporations with estimated population of 22.87 million (Greater Mumbai, Thane, Mira-Bhayandar, Kalyan-Dombivli, Ulhasnagar, Bhiwandi-Nizampur, Navi Mumbai, Panvel and Vasai-Virar), 8 Municipal Councils with 1.31 million (Ambernath, Badlapur, Uran, Alibaug, Pen, Matheran, Karjat and Khopoli) and 4 districts with 2.89 million (Thane rural and urban district, Palghar, Raigad ).
Mumbai Population in 2022 is 27.12 Million (2.71 Crores), and in 2021 is 27.07 Million (2.07 Crores), and in 2011 is 22.8 Million, As per the 2001 census, the net migrants to Mumbai UA are 892,706 from within state.
1,571,181 from other states of India, 25,665 from other countries. Total Migrants are 2,489,552 from the last 10 years from 1991 to 2001. Mumbai is the commercial capital of India and is one of the predominant port cities in the country, Lat in 19th century, The Mumbai port attracted industries and the entrepreneurial communities like the Parsis, Gujaratis, and Marwaris who migrated from different regions of the neighbouring states to set up trading companies and industries. These Industries attracted migrant labor from different parts of the country. Currently this city is divided into 7 regions.
1. South Mumbai (Fort, Colaba, Malabar Hill, Nariman Point, Marine Lines, Tardeo)
2. South Central Mumbai (Byculla, Parel, Worli, Prabhadevi, Dadar)
3. North Central Mumbai (Dharavi, Matunga, Vadala, Sion, Mahim)South Central Mumbai(Byculla, Parel, Worli, Prabhadevi, Dadar)
4. North Mumbai (Manori, Jogeshwari, Malad, Borivali, Gorai, Mira Road, Bhyander, Naigaon, Vasai, Nala Sopara, Virar)
5. West Mumbai (Bandra, Khar, Santa Cruz, Juhu, Vile Parle, Andheri,Versova)
6. East Mumbai (Kurla, Vidyavihar, Ghatkopar, Vikhroli, Kanjur Marg, Bhandup, Mulund, Powai, Thane, Kalyan)
7. Harbour Suburbs (Chembur, Mankhurd, Govandi, Trombay)
According to mumbai metropolitan news, In 2022, The Maharashtra government has identified 10 economic growth centers in the extended Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR), growth centers include Boisar, Palghar, Manor, Mahapoli, Padgha, Titwala, Badlapur, Vangani, Khalapur & Karjat, Pen, Khar and Alibaug.
Religion wise Mumbai Population
According to 2011 census, Hinduism is the major religion in Mumbai with 66%, followed by Islam with 20.7%, Buddhists with 4.9%, Jains are 4%, Christians are 3.2% and Sikhs are 0.5%.
Source: 2011 Census: Language and Mother Tongue
Mumbai Language demographics
Maharastrians and Gujaratis accounts for 42% and 19%. Hindi is widely spoken in Mumbai, some speak with Marathi dialect. Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Urdu, Konkani and English are the common languages spoke in Mumbai. Hindi, English and Marathi are the most common languages in Mumbai as most people speak.
Below is the table for disbale population statistics of Mumbai city.
|Type of disability||Total Persons||Males||Females|
|Total disabled population||484,688||276,719||207,969|
Mumbai Population age wise
The gender ration of Mumbai city is 853 per 1000 males, Mumbai population pyramid shows the gender difference between female and male. Mumbai population under 0-4 years, 436,703 are male, 400,566 are female.between 20-24 years, 761,998 are male and 571,548 are female. There is a rapid decline in the pyramid from 45 to 70 and from 70 to 80 years a deep decline occurs.
Mumbai earliest settlers are Maratha community before it was ruled by Mauryas, Satavahanas, Vakatakas, Rashtrakutas and Chalukyas. Around 3 BCE of Mumbai was controlled by Mauryas under Ashoka and transformed into Buddhist centre for culture and religion. Gujarat Sultanate ruled from from Ahmedabad in 14th century. From 1534 Mumbai came under Portuguese rule and later by Mughals till 17th century. By year 1734 Mumbai city area was under the control of Portuguese, Portuguese used to trade from the Mumbai port, Mumbai Harbour has been used by ships and boats for centuries. It was used by the Maratha Navy, as well as the Portuguese colonial navies in the later years. It became Bombay state under British East India company till Independence. The city became the centre for Indian Independence movement and birth place of Indian National Congress. The Mumbai port has been the gateway to India for centuries, and was a key factor for this city Mumbai to became as the economical capital of India. In 1760, Mumbai Island was gifted to Queen of England, trade continued to flourish under British rule till 1947. Bombay Port Trust was established as a corporation on 26 June 1873 by Colonel J.A. Ballard. According to United Nations Population Fund 1988, Bombay's 1980 population density was 18,796 persons per sq. km.
© 2019-2022 populationU, Research papers on Population dynamics and Social affairs