Honduras is a country in Central America, borders Guatemala to the west, El Salvador to the southwest, Nicaragua to the southeast, Pacific Ocean to the south and Gulf of Honduras to the north. Honduras population in 2023 is estimated to be 10.43 million, covers country area of 112,492 sq km (43,433 sq mi), ranks one-hundred-first country by area and the ninety-first most populous country in the world. Honduras capital and largest city is Tegucigalpa, other popular cities are San Pedro Sula, La Ceiba, Choloma, El Progreso, Comayagua, Choluteca and Danlí. Distrito Central and San Pedro Sula are the top dangerous cities in the world, crime such as homicide, assault, and armed robbery and gun violence. Country code is HND, Most of the Honduras land area is mountainous, lowlands being found only along the coasts and in the several river valleys. Official language is Spanish, Other languages are Creole English, Garifuna (Arawakan), Mískito (Misumalpan), Mayangna (Misumalpan), Pech/Paya, (Chibchan), Tol (Jicaquean) and Ch'orti' (Mayan). Up to Ninety percent of the population is mestizo, a mixture of Spanish and Indian. Blacks of West Indian origin and Garifuna, Black Caribbeans make up a some population along the Caribbean coast, an area where English is widely spoken. Life expectancy of Honduras is 70.67 years for male and 73.16 years for female. Honduras ranks third in the most dangerous countries in the world.Below table is the population of Honduras from 1960 to 2020:
Honduras population in 1960 is 2,038,636, by 1970 the population is increased by 678,016 totaling to 2,716,652, by 1980 the population is increased to 3,678,274, and by 1990 the total increase of 4,955,302 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 4,955,302. From 1990 to 2000, population increased to 6,574,510, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Honduras increase by 1,742,957 with a change of 26.51 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by 1,587,141 with a change of 19.08 percent and make up to 9,904,608. Honduras population in 2022 is estimated to be 10.22 million, Population of Honduras in 2021 is estimated as 10 million.
Honduras was inhabited by indigenous tribes, The most powerful of these were the Maya, populated the Yucatán, Belize, and the northeast of Guatemala. After the collapse of the Mayan civilization, the history of Honduras becomes a series of struggles. The western-central part of Honduras was inhabited by the Lencas, these autonomous groups had their conflicts, but maintained their commercial relationships with each other, and with populations as distant as Panama and Mexico. By fifteenth century, Many of the people are of Mayas were the aborigines, who would oppose the Spanish conquest and produce the legendary figures of Tecún Uman, Lempira, Atlacatl, Diriagúacutan, Nicarao and Urraca, among the native populations of Central America.
In 1502, Christopher Columbus lands in Honduras, In 1525 Spain begins conquest of Honduran territory, Spain succeeds in the conquest of Honduran territory after bitter struggles with the native population in 1539. In 1810Overthrow of the king of Spain by Napoleon, By 1800s Northern coast falls to British buccaneers and British protectorate established over the coastal areas, Honduras Independence gained from Spain in 1821, it becomes part of the Mexican empire, and in 1823, Honduras breaks away from Mexico, and becomes part of the Federal Republic of Central America, (also known as the United Provinces of Central America) which includes Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica, and in 1840, Honduras becomes fully independent following the dissolution of the Federal Republic of Central America.
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