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Jammu and Kashmir Population 2024

Lal Chowk in Srinagar, Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir is located in Himalayan region in the north of India. Jammu and Kashmir population in 2024 is estimated to be 13.7 Million (1.37 Crores), By Aug 2023 Jammu and Kashmir population is projected to be 1.36 crores (13.6 million) as per Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31, Jan 2024. In the financial year 2022-23, J&K's GDP was pegged at $27.6 billion. JK's GDP growth for the year 2023-24 has been projected at Rs $30 billion with a growth of 11 percent over the previous year. On 5 August 2019, the Government of India scrapped the Article 370 from the Constitution of India and integrated with other states and union territories (Article 370 was created on 26 October 1947, signed by Hari Singh, The last Maharaja of Kashmir) and introduced a bill to divide the state into two Union Territories, Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh. Jammu and Kashmir is home to several valleys such as the Kashmir Valley, Tawi Valley, Chenab Valley, Poonch Valley, Sind Valley and Lidder Valley. The Jhelum River is the major Himalayan river which flows through the Kashmir valley. This valley has an average height of 1,850 metres (6,070 ft) above sea-level. Some major tourist attractions in Jammu and Kashmir are Srinagar, Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Patnitop and Jammu. A popular local etymology of Kashmira is that it is land desiccated from water. The word Kashmir was derived from the Sanskrit language and was referred to as Kashmira often referred as valley of waters. The Nilamata Purana describes the valley's origin from the waters, a lake called Sati-saras. As per NFHS 2019-2021 report, Total Fertility Rate of Jammu and Kashmir is 2 children per women compared to 2.4 in 2006.
New Jammu Kashmir Map
The Indian Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir is bounded by China in the north and east, Afghanistan in the north-west and Pakistan in the west and south, Punjab in the west and Himachal Pradesh in the south. Jammu is the winter capital and Srinagar in summer. It is believed Raja Jamboo Lochan founded the city in the BC era and his name "Jamboo" became "Jammu" as the time was passed. Jammu and Kashmir is on 19th rank with more than 14 million(est) for the population rank in India. Agriculture and allied activities are the main occupation of around 80% of its population.
Jammu Kashmir Population

According to Modern History 1844 - 1994, Legend in the Rajatarangini and Nilmat Puran has it that the Valley of Kashmir was once a large lake. Rishi Kashyap drained off the water of the lake and made it a place of abode. The Geologists state that geological changes made way for the outflow of water by subsidence of the mount of Khadinayar, Baramula, Thus emerged the Valley of Kashmir.Jammu has also mentioned in Mahabharata and two recent finds of Harappan remains and artifacts of Mauryan, Kushan and Gupta periods of Akhnoor have added new dimensions to its ancient character.

Time lines of Jammu and Kashmir

Census yearPersonsAbsolutePercentageMalesFemales
19012,139,362- -1,136,7661,002,596
1991 +7,837,0511,849,66230.894,142,0823,694,969
Source: A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901


The popular towns of Jammu and Kashmir are Gulmarg is a hill station town, a popular skiing destination in Baramula district. The Gulmarg population is 2200, Apharwat Peak, Gulmarg Gondola, Gulmarg Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharani Temple, Alpather Frozen Lake, St Mary Church and Baba Reshi Shrine are the popular place of Gulmarg.

Jammu is the the winter capital of state of Jammu and Kashmir in India. Jammu population is 550 thousand and is situated on the banks of the Tawi River. Bahu Fort, Amar Mahal Palace, Raghunath Temple, Mubarak Mandi Palace, Bagh-e-Bahu, Mahamaya Temple, Ranbireshwar Temple, Dogra Art Museum, Purmandal Temple are the popular places of Jammu.

Srinagar is the summer capital and largest city of Jammu and Kashmir. It lies on the banks of the Jhelum River, popular for traditional Kashmiri handicrafts and dried fruits. Popular places of Srinagar are Dal Lake, Chashme Shahi Gardens, Indira Gandhi Tulip Garden, Shalimar Bagh, Shalimar Bagh, Dachigam National Park, Nishat Bagh, Pari Mahal, Shankaracharya Temple, Nigeen Lake, Jamia Masjid, Hari Parbat and Sri Pratap Singh Museum.

Pahalgam is a town in Anantnag district, It is a popular tourist destination and hill station and is associated with the annual Amarnath Yatra, other places are Betaab Valley, Tulian Lake, Mamleshwar Temple and Aru Valley.

Awantipora is a town and a notified area committee in Pulwama district of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is situated between Anantnag and Srinagar on National Highway.

Udhampur is a city and district, it is the fourth-largest city in the state,

Bandipora is the town and district, It has the second largest fresh water lake in Asia.

Population Pyramid

Jammu and Kashmir population pyramid is a graphical analysis of the age and sex of a population, pyramid with the wider base suggests growing population, with a narrow base indicates declining birth rates. Jammu and Kashmir population in 2022 is estimated to be 13.59 million, population in 2021 is estimated to be 13.65 million (1.36 Crores) and population in 2023 is estimated to be 13.62 Million.

Source: 2011 Census: Population In Five Year Age-Group

Jammu and Kashmir Population by Religion

Religion is an important feature of a population as all religions have left an imprint on the culture, literature, art, food habits and politics. Jammu and Kashmir Religion wise, Followers of almost all the important religions Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism and Christianity with their various denominations live there. According to the 2011 census, Jammu and Kashmir population religion wise, Muslim is followed by about 68.3%, 28.4% follow Hinduism, Sikhism (1.9%), Buddhism (0.9%) and Christianity (0.3%). The largest population religion wise is Muslim population accounts to 8.5 Million, followed by 3.5 Million by Hindus.

Not Stated20,0820.1611,8938,189
Source: Details of Religion In Main Table C-1- 2011 (India & States/UTs)

Ethnic groups of Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu Kashmir ethnic culture and dress
The major ethnic groups living in Jammu and Kashmir are Kashmiri, Various ethnic groups residing in the Jammu and Kashmir state are, Bodhs, Mons, Bedas, Garras, Purigpas, Brokpas, Baltis, Changpas, Arghuns, Kashmiri Pandits, Kashmiri Muslims, Dogras, Kishtwaris, Mahajans, Khatris, Harijans, Paharis, Gujjars, Bakerwals, Gujjari and Kargili.
Kashmir Pandits demonstration
The above picture demonstrates the justice for Kashmir Pandits rights, As per 1980 census and the stories of Kashmiri pandits, there were more than half a million Kashmiri Pandits(Hindus) who were living in the kashmir region, from 1980 to 1995 in the span of 15 years these Kashmiri Pandits believed to be pushed out of the kashmir valley leaving around 2000 pandits, some seemed to be massacared and many had to flee from Kashmir valley.
Kashmir Accedes to India on 27th October 1947
Source: News paper image of The Hindustan Times on October 28, 1947, Picture on the right shows Maharaja Harisingh of Kashmir and Indian PM Jawaharlal Nehru, Signed the instrument of Accession on 26th October 1947.
Ruler of Kashmir, Maharaja Gulab Singh in 1846
Source(The Print): Above image is Maharaja Gulab Singh, the Ruler of Kashmir in 1846, Some of the parts of Princely state of Jammu and Kashmir brought under British Authority in 1846 via Treaty of Amritsar. Deal was signed between East India Company and Maharaja Gulab Singh, The founder of Dogra dynasty, who then paid 7.5 million Nankshahi rupees (Silver Coins) and brought the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh Wizarat(Comprising Kargil, Baltistan and Leh) and added to Jammu including Gilgit and Pamiri, which was already under Maharaja Gulab Singh rule. People of J&K still remember and pay tributes to Maharaja Gulab Singh, due to the contribution and welfare to the Jammu and Kashmir state. Below video: Exodus of Hindu Kashmiri Pandits from Srinagar valley.
TribesPopulation as per Census 2011
All Scheduled Tribes1,493,299
Bot, Boto91,495
Brokpa, Drokpa, Dard, Shin48,439
Generic Tribes etc.111,625

Languages spoken in Jammu and Kashmir

The Languages are Urdu, Dogri, Kashmiri, Pahari, Ladakhi, Balti, Gojri and Dari.

Source: 2011 Census: Language and Mother Tongue


Census 2011 reveals that 121,532 people are suffering with various disability problems, Around 50% disbality are with seeing, speech and hearing problems.

Type of disabilityTotal PersonsCultivatorsAgriculture laborHHIOther workers
Total disabled population121,53237,69619,1715,59759,068
In Seeing22,2817,7323,7289629,859
In Hearing29,8557,6483,9261,10117,180
In Speech6,5482,3231,2242622,739
In Movement19,3236,4413,2129208,750
Mental Retardation3,9801,3827231701,705
Mental Illness4,7081,6769822571,793
Any Other25,8567,1043,6451,48313,624
Multiple disability8,9813,3901,7314423,418
Source: 2011 Census: Distribution of Disabled(India & States/UTs)

Jammu and Kashmir Population projection

As per the census registered in 1901 there were 2,139,362 people living in Jammu & Kashmir. Upto 1961 the growth rate was recorded between 5 .75 and 10.42 with of 3.5 million population by 1961. The growth rate was rapidly increased to 29.69% from 1961 to 1971 making about 300% rise and maintained around 30% from 1971 till 2001. From 2001 the population started declining with the growth rate of 23.64% reaching the population to 12.5 million till the last census in 2011. Jammu and Kashmir population in 2020 is estimated to be 13.6 million (1.36 Crores). By end of year 2019 the population is projected to be 13,468,313 as per Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated dec 2019. Region wise Kashmir has the highest population, followed by Jammu and Ladakh.

Rank of happiness

Jammu and Kashmir has the Human Develop Index of 0.684 which is greater than India's average of 0.640 and higher being Kerala with 0.784.

Income Distribution

Jammu and Kashmir's economy is dependent on agriculture, tourism and manufacturing activities, 45% of GDP from agriculture is contributed by horticulture sector. Horticulture is one of the key contributing industry sector and products like Apples, pears, almonds, walnuts, apricots and cherries are exported from Jammu and Kashmir to different parts of India by yielding turnover of approximately 850 million dollars(6000 crores) by 2015-16 with the production of 1636 thousand metric ton area of 357 thousand hectares. Wood from Kashmir is used to make cricket bats traded as "Kashmir willow bats".
Saffron cultivation is produced in this region which is exported to many countries, and over 16,000 families are engaged in saffron cultivation. Khrew region is the major share of Saffron production, In a decade from 2007 to 2019, around 2,400 hectares of saffron farms in Khrew shrank to 1,500 hectares, due to old agricultural practice, irrigation problems and mainly due to import of Iranian Saffron.

District wise population in Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir Territory is further divided into 20 districts. District wise population, Jammu is the highest populated district with close to 1.7 Million population (est 2019), followed by Srinagar with 1.2 Million, Anantnag and Baramulla with around 1 Million each. on 5th August Government of India introduced the bill to create Ladakh Region as Union Territory, Leh and Kargil are the two districts with an estimated population of 149,505 and 157,698 as on 2019.

DistrictPopulation(2020 est.)Population(2011)Percentage
Source: 2011 Census: Population Data on District/Sub-Dist Level

Uttar Pradesh Population

Uttar Pradesh Population

Rajasthan Population

Rajasthan Population

Bihar Population

Bihar Population

Punjab Population

Punjab Population

Haryana Population

Haryana Population

Himachal Pradesh Population

Himachal Pradesh Population



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