logo

Malaysia Population

Malaysia is a Southeast Asian country, shares a land and maritime border with Thailand, Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia. Malaysia population in 2021 is estimated to be 32.7 million, ranks 43rd in the world, Total area covers 330,803 sq km (127,724 sq mi), Total area covers 330,803 sq km (127,724 sq mi), ranks 67th largest by area, occupying parts of the Malay Peninsula and the island of Borneo. It's known for its beaches, rainforests and mix of Malay, Chinese, Indian and European cultural influences. The capital, Kuala Lumpur, The name Malaysia is a combination of the word "Malay" and the "sia" which means land of Malays. The two parts of Malaysia, separated by the South China Sea, share a largely similar landscape in that both Peninsular and East Malaysia feature coastal plains rising to hills and mountains. It has land borders with Thailand in West Malaysia, and Indonesia and Brunei in East Malaysia. It is linked to Singapore by a narrow causeway and a bridge. Malaysia's energy infrastructure sector, the largest electric utility company in Southeast Asia. Malaysia remains one of the largest producers of tin, rubber and palm oil. In an effort to diversify the economy and make it less dependent on export goods, the government has pushed to increase tourism to Malaysia. The indigenous peoples of Peninsular Malaysia are collectively known as Orang Asali. The peoples of the Orang Asli, Orang Ulu and Anak Negeri groups constitute the indigenous population of Malaysia.

YearMalaysian Citizens(Thousands)Non-Malaysian Citizens(Thousands)
201026,264.0972324.54
201126,616.74769.74
201226,961.22548.1
201327,325.72888.3
201427,6963012.4
201528,060.53125.9
201628,403.53229.8
201728,7353287.4
201829,059.53,322,8
201929,377.53204.5
Source: dosm


Income Distribution

In Malaysia the country population is categorised into three different income tiers: Top 20%, Middle 40%, and Bottom 40%, based on median household income. The values of the median household income, which may increase or decrease year-to-year, depending on the country's gross domestic product (GDP), serve as one of the indicators of the country's economic growth.


Religions in Malaysia

Malaysia is a multi-religious society, Religions in Malaysia according to the population Census 2010 are, 61.3% of the population are Muslim, 19.8% are Buddhism, 9.2% Christianity, 6.3% Hinduism and 1.3% practice Confucianism, Taoism and other traditional Chinese religions. 0.7% declared no religion and the remaining 1.4% practised other religions.


Racial Groups in Malaysia

The ethnic groups within Malaysia are the Malays, Chinese and Indians, with many other ethnic groups represented in smaller numbers. About half the population is ethnically Malay, with minorities of Chinese, Indians, and indigenous peoples.

Ethnic Group2019 Population in Thousands
Bumiputera20,367.3
Chinese6,695.8
Indians2,014.6
Others299.8
The indigenous peoples of Malaysia represented about 13.8%, With reference to ritsumei articles, Despite their cultural differences, the diverse indigenous peoples share common problems also related to the protection of their rights. Indigenous peoples are the holders of unique languages, knowledge systems and beliefs and own knowledge of practices for the sustainable management of natural resources. They have a special relation to and use of their traditional land. Their inherited land has an essential importance for their collective physical and cultural survival as peoples. According to the biomedcentral articles, The indigenous peoples does not belong to a homogenous population group. They consist of several different ethno-linguistic groups living in Peninsular Malaysia and in the states of Sarawak and Sabah in east Malaysia. In Sabah, there are some 39 different indigenous groups constituting of 60% of the state population. The Kadazan-Dusun, Bajau and Murut are the largest indigenous groups in Sabah. Indigenous peoples hold their own diverse ideas of development, based on their traditional values, visions, needs and priorities. In Peninsular Malaysia, the indigenous peoples are referred to as Orang Asli (original peoples in Malay), a collective term for its three main groups, namely the Negritos, Senoi and the Proto-Malays, each of which has various sub-ethnic groups. It has been estimated that Senoi group reach Peninsular Malaysia during the second wave of migration about 8,000 years ago from the mountain areas of Cambodia and Vietnam. The Proto-Malays who reached later than Negritos in 2,000 B.C. were seafaring people and established mostly in the central and southern regions of Peninsular Malaysia. Indigenous peoples often have much in common with other neglected segments of societies, such as lack of political representation and participation, economic marginalisation and poverty, lack of access to social services and discrimination. In Sarawak, the Dayaks is the collective term used for several native groups. The Dayaks account for around 40% of the population of Sarawak. The Iban and the Bidayuh are the largest groups within the Dayak community. They struggle for recognition of their identities, their ways of life and their right to traditional lands, territories and natural resources.


Languages in Malaysia

Languages in Malaysia are, The national language is Malay which is the mother tongue of the majority Malay ethnic group. The official and national language of Malaysia is Malaysian. English is the second language which is derived from British English. The ethnic groups within Malaysia are the Malays, Chinese and Indians and many other ethnic groups are in smaller numbers, each with its own languages. The indigenous languages of Malaysia belong to the Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian people. The largest native languages spoken in East Malaysia are the Iban, Dusunic, and Kadazan languages. Malaysian Chinese have ancestry from the southern provinces of China, various southern Chinese varieties are spoken in Malaysian Chinese. Tamil mostly spoken by Indians are who form a majority of Malaysian Indians and also from Srilanka Tamilians.

The sex ratio for as a whole nation remained at 106 males per 100 females. The sex ratio of citizens is slightly decreased from for a five-year period with only 103 (males) : 100 (females) between 2010 till 2014 and 102 (males) : 100 (females) for a period from 2015-2020.

2020CitizenNon Citizen
Population29.7 milion3.0 million
Male15.0 milion1.8 million
Female14.7 milion1.2 million
Urbanization23.0 million2.1 million
Households7.6 million583.9 thousand


History of Malaysia

Sanskrit inscriptions in Malaysia appear as early as the fourth century. In the Malay Peninsula, Traders and settlers from India and China arrived as early as the first century AD, establishing trading ports and coastal towns in the second and third centuries. Their presence resulted in strong Indian and Chinese influences on the local cultures, and the people of the Malay Peninsula adopted the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism.

Srivijayan empire activity of maritime operations in the peninsula of Malaysia during the 7th and 13th centuries. By the 13th century, the Majapahit empire had successfully took control over most of the peninsula and the Malay Archipelago from Srivijaya. Islam began to spread among Malays in the 14th century. During 15th century Malacca kingdom was the control of over Malay region and attracting trade and an important commercial centre during this time.

By 1641, Dutch was in possession, by 1786 British presence in Malay through British East India Company controlling both Malaysia and Singapore town by 1819. By 1826, the British directly controlled Penang, Malacca, Singapore, and the island of Labuan, which they established as the crown colony of the Straits Settlements.

By the 20th century, the states of Pahang, Selangor, Perak, and Negeri Sembilan, known together as the Federated Malay States. The immigration of Chinese and Indians to serve as labourers was encouraged under British rule. Japanese Army invaded during second world war and occupied Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak, and Singapore for over three years, with the help of Allied forces, Malay was reconquered.

Malaysia celebrates independence in 1957, The handover of power from Britain took place at midnight. Thousands of young members of the Malay, Chinese and Indians, which form the government, stood in darkness for two minutes at midnight to mark the official handover. According to BBC, Tunku Abdul Rahman, the prime minister-elect, who led the negotiations with the British for handover of power, was hailed as the Father of Independence.


Population Projection

YearPopulation in Millions
202032.366
202132.803
202233.247
202333.693
202434.136
202534.573
203036.636
203538.488
204040.102
204541.542
205042.901
205544.222
206045.471
Total births by state and sex, between 2009 to 2018
YearTotal BirthsMaleFemale
2009496,313256,060240,253
2010491,239253,718237,521
2011511,594264,427247,167
2012526,012272,193253,819
2013503,914260,725243,189
2015521,136269,255251,881
2014528,612273,139255,473
2016508,203262,755245,448
2017508,685262,575246,110
2018501,945259,582242,363

© 2019-2021 populationU, Research papers on Population dynamics and Social affairs