Pakistan is a country in South Asia partitioned from India with muslims, borders India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, China to the northeast and Iran to the southwest. The Indian civilization or Indus civilisation is one of the oldest civilization, is also known as the Harappan Civilisation was in these region in around 3300 BC, flourished in the basins of the Indus River. Pakistan population in 2023 is estimated to be 235 million, covers country area of 881,913 sq km (340,509 sq mi), ranks thirty-third country by area and the fifth most populous country in the world. Its capital is Islamabad, its most populous city is Karachi and popular cities are Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Peshawar, Multan, Hyderabad and Quetta. Country code is PAK, Life expectancy of Pakistan is 64.59 years for male and 66.72years for female.
Pakistan was formed partitioning India in 1947 when a section of muslims separated from the Hindu majority in British India. From tenth to fourteenth century people migrated to India, and majority are central asians of Uzbeks, Tajiks, Kazakhs and Turkmens. Others groups like Persians, Dardic, Afghans are mixed due to border migrations. The Muslim conquests by Mahmud Ghaznavi in the Indian subcontinent mainly took place from 10th century, though earlier Muslim conquests include the invasions into modern Pakistan and the Umayyad campaigns (Arab conquest) in India, during the time of the Rajput Kingdoms in the 8th century. Major migrations are from Mughal Empire, was founded by Babur Khan, a Turkic emperor who himself is a direct descendant of Timur and therefore Genghis Khan, the ultimate Turkish conqueror.
In modern day of Pakistan as on 2017 estimated stats, Population by Ethnic group wise, 39 percent are Punjabi, 18.2 percent are Pashtun, 14.57 percent are Sindhi, 12.19 percent are Saraiki, 7 percent are Muhajir, 3 percent are Baloch.
Pakistan Population Indicators
Fertility rate is 3.5 births per woman in 2017.
Pakistan population in 1960 is 44,988,690, by 1970 the population is increased by 13,153,372 totaling to 58,142,062, by 1980 the population is increased to 78,054,346, and by 1990 the total increase of 107,647,918 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 107,647,918. From 1990 to 2000, population increased by 34,695,665 to 142,343,583, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Pakistan increase by 37,081,060 with a change of 26.05 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by 41,467,688 with a change of 23.11 percent and make up to 220,892,331. Pakistan population in 2022 is estimated to be 229.55 million, Population of Pakistan in 2021 is estimated as 225.22 million.
Pakistan divides into Punjab Province, Sindh Province, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Balochistan Province and Islamabad Capital Territory. All the four provinces are further divided into 131 districts.
|Division||Administrative Unit||Capital||Area||Population (2017)|
|Punjab||Province||Lahore||205,344 km2 (79,284 sq mi)||110,012,442|
|Sindh||Province||Karachi||140,914 sq km (54,407 sq mi)||47,854,510|
|Khyber Pakhtunkhwa||Province||Peshawar||101,741 km2 (39,282 sq mi)||35,501,964|
|Balochistan||Province||Quetta||347,190 sq km (134,050 sq mi)||12,335,129|
|Islamabad (Metro)||Capital Territory||1,385.5 sq km (534.9 sq mi)||4,104,803|
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