Somalia is a country in the Horn of Africa, borders Djibouti to the northwest, Ethiopia to the west, the Gulf of Aden to the north, Kenya to the southwest and the Indian Ocean to the east. Somalia is the poorest country on earth and is popular for Somali Pirates, occurs in the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean region, They threaten international vessels by hijacking for ransom amount. Somalia population in 2023 is estimated to be 17.38 million, covers country area of 637,657 sq km (246,201 sq mi), ranks forty-third country by area, the seventy-second most populous country in the world and is the sixth poorest nation in the world. Its capital is Mogadishu and other populous cities are Hargeisa, Bosaso, Galkayo, Merca, Jamame, Borama, Kismayo, Baidoa and Burao. Mogadishu ranks second most dangerous city in Africa. Country code is SOM, Life expectancy of Somalia is one of the poorer states of the world with 54.01 years for male and 59.22 years for female. Around 85% of its residents are ethnic Somalis and others represent fifteen percent, The official languages of Somalia are Somali and Arabic, Arabic is the Most spoken language in Africa and Somali is the eighth popular language in Africa with 16.6 million speakers.Below table is the population of Somalia from 1960 to 2020:
Somalia population in 1960 is 2,755,967, by 1970 the population is increased by 688,602 totaling to 3,444,569, by 1980 the population is increased to 6,281,138, and by 1990 the total increase of 7,225,089 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 7,225,089. From 1990 to 2000, population increased by 1,647,161 to 8,872,250, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Somalia increase by 3,171,636 with a change of 35.75 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by 3,849,333 with a change of 31.96 percent and make up to 15,893,219. Somalia population in 2022 is estimated to be 16.78 million, Population of Somalia in 2021 is estimated as 16.33 million.
Somalia is divided into 18 administrative regions and further subdivided into seventy-two districts.
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