Syria is a country in Western Asia, borders Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east and southeast, Jordan to the south, and Israel, Lebanon to the southwest and Cyprus lies to the west across the Mediterranean Sea. Syria population in 2023 is estimated to be 18.68 million, covers country area of 185,180 sq km (71,500 sq mi), ranks eighty-seventh country by area and the sixty-sixth most populous country in the world. Its capital is Damascus, its most populous city is Aleppo and popular cities are Homs, Latakia, Hama, Raqqa, Deir ez-Zor, Hasakah, Qamishli and Sayyidah Zaynab. Country code is SYR,
Life expectancy of Syria ranks one-hundred-fifth in the world with average lifespan of 71.18 years for male and 74.26 years for female. Syrian Arabs are the largest ethnic group, Kurds are second largest group followed by Turkmens, Assyrians, Armenians, Circassians, Mandaeans and Greeks. Sunni Muslims make around 70 percent of population, 10 percent are Christians, followed by Alawites, Druze, Ismailis, Mandaeans, Shiites, Salafis and Yazidis. Syria was a peaceful country prior to Syrian civil war which was started in 2011, Around 7 million Syrian refugees fled into neighbouring countries and around 400 thousand people estimated to be killed in the war due to domestic, government and foreign forces by United States and United Nations.Below table is the population of Syria from 1960 to 2020:
Syria population in 1960 is 4,573,514, by 1970 the population is increased by 1,777,030 totaling to 6,350,544, by 1980 the population is increased to 8,930,776, and by 1990 the total increase of 12,446,168 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 12,446,168. From 1990 to 2000, population increased by 3,964,679 to 16,410,847, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Syria increase by 4,951,694 with a change of 30.17 percent and decline of population from 2010 to 2020 by -3,861,884 with a change of -18.08 percent and make up to 17,500,657. Syria population in 2022 is estimated to be 18.1 million, Population of Syria in 2021 is estimated as 17.8 million.
Syria is divided into 14 provinces and further subdivided into 65 districts. The Syrian provinces are Aleppo, Raqqa, As-Suwayda, Damascus, Daraa, Deir ez-Zor, Hama, Hasaka, Homs, Idlib, Latakia, Quneitra, Rif Dimashq and Tartus.
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