World Population > India Population

Tripura Population

Tripura is the north-eastern state in India, borders 3 sides by Bangladesh to the west, north, south, and Mizoram and Assam on the eastern side. Geographically it is hill ranges, valleys and plains, total area is 10,491 sq km. and is third smallest state, and area rank is 26th in India behind Goa and Sikkim, forests cover more than half of the area. Tripura population in 2020 is estimated to be 4 Million (41 Lakhs), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated dec 2019, by end of year 2019 the projected population is 4,112,223. Tripura being gifted with lush green landscape, and its ethnic and cultural diversity of the population. Its home to the indigenous tribals, As per 2011 census the indigenous tribals of Tripura comprising a total of 19 communities, which constitute of 31% of the state's population while 69.95% are non-tribals mostly Bengalis. Regarding the tribal population in Tripura, Some of the tribals originally moved from neighbouring hill regions. The Tripuri constitute more than half the tribal community. Other prominent tribal groups include the Chakma, Halam, Reang, Garo, Lusai,Marma, Bhils, Santhals, Mundas and Oraons.

Census yearPersonsAbsolutePercentageMalesFemales
1901173,325--92,49580,830
1911229,61356,28832.48121,820107,793
1921304,43774,82432.59161,515142,922
1931382,45078,01325.63202,932179,518
1941513,010130,56034.14272,025240,985
1951639,029126,01924.56335,589303,440
19611,142,005502,97678.71591,237550,768
19711,556,342414,33736.28801,126755,216
19812,053,058496,71631.921,054,846998,212
19912,757,205704,14734.31,417,9301,339,275
20013,199,203441,99816.031,642,2251,556,978
20113,673,917474,71414.841,874,3761,799,541
Source: A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901


Population Pyramid

Source: 2011 Census: Population In Five Year Age-Group


Tripura Population by Religion

Tripura population religion wise, While Hinduism continues to be the religious faith of majority population wiht 83%, followed by Muslim population with 8%, Christian with 4.3% and Buddhist with 3.4%. Chakma and Mogh's are Buddhist most originally moved to Tripura from various hill regions in neighbouring districts like Chittagong district.

ReligionPersonsPercentageMalesFemales
Hindu3,063,90383.401,563,7301,500,173
Muslim316,0428.60160,930155,112
Christian159,8824.3581,48078,402
Sikh1,0700.03782288
Buddhist125,3853.4163,54561,840
Jain8600.02453407
Others1,5140.04791723
Not Stated5,2610.142,6652,596
Source: Details of Religion In Main Table C-1- 2011 (India & States/UTs)


Ethnic groups

Different tribes of Tripura are Tripuri, Bhil, Bhutias, Chakma, Chaimal, Garo, Halam, Jamatia, Khasihia, Kuki, Lepcha, Lushai, Mog, Munda, Noatia, Orang, Reang, Santal, Uchui.
Major 16 sub-clans of Halams are Kaloi, Kor-Bong, Keipeng, Bong, Saka Chep, Thanga chep, Dab, Bongser, Rupini, Hrangkhawl, Chorai, Langai, Kaireng, Ranglong, Naveen and Khulang.
the tribes of Tripura and their population as per census 2011 are:

TribesPopulation as per Census 2011
All Scheduled Tribes1,166,813
Bhil3,105
Bhutia28
Chaimal549
Chakma79,813
Garoo12,952
Halam, Bengshel, Dub, Kaipeng, Kalai, Karbong, Lengui, Mussum, Rupini, Sukuchep, Thangchep57,210
Jamatia83,347
Khasia366
Kuki, including the following sub-tribes:10,965
Lepcha157
Lushai5,384
Mag37,893
Munda, Kaur14,544
Noatia, Murashing14,298
Orang12,011
Riang188,220
Santal2,913
Tripura, Tripuri, Tippera592,255
Uchai2,447
Generic Tribes etc.48,356


Languages spoken in Tripura

Language wise population, The main Tripura language is Tripuri, spoken by tribals, used to be most widely spoken language before Independence as the migrants and some tribals moved from the neighbouring hill stations. Today as on census 2011, Bengali is the widely spoken language in Tripura state, followed by Tripuri with 25.8%, Hindi with 2.1%. Mogh is spoken by 35,722 people, Halam with 23,089, Kurukh/Oraon with 7,145, Mizo with 5,639, Santali with 3,975 and Savara with 4,620, Munda with 9,644. Manipuri with 23,779, Bishnupuriya with 22,112, Odia with 25,967, Assamese with 2,129 and Telugu with 2,787 speakers.

LanguagesPersonsPercentageRuralUrban
Bengali2,414,77465.72751,532,133882,641
Tripuri950,87525.8818915,42335,452
Hindi77,7012.114956,50321,198
Mogh35,7220.972334,895827
Odia25,9670.706823,9112,056
Manipuri23,7790.647216,8946,885
Halam23,0890.628521,7781,311
Bishnupuriya22,1120.601920,4001,712
AO19,3160.525819,23581
Munda9,6440.26259,57074
Kurukh/Oraon7,1450.19456,785360
Mizo5,6390.15355,389250
Savara4,6200.12584,272348
Santali3,9750.10823,864111
Telugu3,8450.10473,398447
Nepali2,7870.07599611,826
Assamese2,1290.05791,0411,088
Source: 2011 Census: Language and Mother Tongue


Disability

Below table is the disable population of Tripura state.

Type of disabilityTotal PersonsCultivatorsAgriculture laborHHIOther workers
Total disabled population21,6273,9054,63769012,395
In Seeing3,8537157961252,217
In Hearing5,4071,0461,1861623,013
In Speech1,47127133843819
In Movement3,7725536881072,424
Mental Retardation98521027329473
Mental Illness5539013418311
Any Other4,6228551,0111752,581
Multiple disability96416521131557
Source: 2011 Census: Distribution of Disabled(India & States/UTs)


District wise population in Tripura

As on 2012, For administrative purposes, the state has been divided into 8 districts which includes 4 new districts Sipahijala, Khowai, Gomati and Unakoti. Below is the Tripura district wise population as per Census 2011 and 2020 projection.

DistrictPopulation(2020 est.)Population(2011)Percentage
West Tripura 1,045,989917,53424.97
South Tripura 494,460433,73711.81
Dhalai430,906377,98810.29
North Tripura474,178415,94611.32
Unakoti316,162277,3357.55
Khowai373,226327,3918.91
Sipahijala552,026484,23313.18
Gomati498,030436,86811.89
Source: 2011 Census: Population Data on District/Sub-Dist Level

Meghalaya Population

Meghalaya Population

Manipur Population

Manipur Population

Nagaland Population

Nagaland Population

Mizoram Population

Mizoram Population

Arunachal Pradesh Population

Arunachal Pradesh Population

Kerala Population

Kerala Population


References

1. http://censusindia.gov.in/
2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf
3. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in

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