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Pennsylvania Population 2024

Pennsylvania (U.S. state abbreviation is 'PA') is the north-eastern state of USA borders New York to the east and north, Ohio to the west, Maryland to the south. Pennsylvania population in 2024 is estimated to be 12.9 million and 5th most populous US state. Pennsylvania is losing population with decrease of 33,366 people since from the last 2020 census. Pennsylvania state area is 46,055 sq miles (119,283 sq km) and is 33rd by area, English Quaker William Penn founded Pennsylvania in 1681, Originally Penn suggested "Sylvania" (woodland) for his land. The length and breadth of Pennsylvania is 273 km and 455 km with an average elevation of 340 meters. The people of Pennsylvania State are called "Pennsylvanian". The popular cities are Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, Reading, Erie. Penbrook, Waynesboro, Washington Township, Shippensburg and Carlisle are the most dangerous cities in Pennsylvania State.

The PA population change between 2010 to 2011 is recorded as 0.26%, and decreased to 0.17 in 2011 to 2012, and to 0.08% in 2012 to 2013 and by 2015 and 2016 the change is decreased to -0.03 and -0.02, improved to 0.05% in 2016 to 2017 and 0.13% from 2017 to 2018. The estimated population of Pennsylvania in 2019 is 12.9 million. According to U.S. 2020 Census Results, PA population in 2020 is 13,002,700. Pennsylvania population in 2023 is estimated to be 12.96 million, population in 2022 is estimated to be 12.97 million, and in 2021 is estimated to be 12.96 million.
YearPopulation% Change
202013,002,700census updated
July 1, 2020
Source : Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018, last census by July 1, 2020

Pennsylvania Population by Race

According to 2017 demographics estimates population of Pennsylvania by race are:

White Population

White population in Pennsylvania are 10,378,174, percentage wise 81.14 percent are whites. Whites, also called White Americans or European American, having origins in the original peoples of Europe (numbers include hispanic whites).

Black Population

Black population in Pennsylvania are 1,417,611, percentage wise 11.08 percent are blacks. African American refers to black population in Pennsylvania, They are Black racial groups of Africa, includes Sub-Saharan African people, Kenyan, Nigerian, Caribbean such as Haitian and Jamaican.

Asian Population

Asian Population in Pennsylvania are about 417 thousand, includes Indians, Chinese, Koreans, Japanese, Vietnamese and Filipinos. Asian population in Pennsylvania are 417,525, percentage wise 3.26 percent are asians, out of these 125,202 are Asian Indians, 108,801 are Chinese, 26,848 are Filipinos, 6,919 are Japanese, 41,255 are Korean, 42,161 are Vietnamese and 66,339 are other Asian nationals.

Hispanic Population

Hispanic population in Pennsylvania are 874,833. Percentage wise 6.84 percent are hispanics, out of these 151,690 are Mexican people, 438,964 are Puerto Ricans, 21,623 are Cubans, and 262,556 are other Hispanic or Latinos. Hispanics may be of any race, included in applicable race categories.

Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders are 3,665 which includes Samoan, Guamanian or Chamorro and Native Hawaiian. American Indian and Alaska Native are 24,995 residents.

Total Population12,790,505Percent
Black or African American1,417,61111.08%
American Indian and Alaska Native24,9950.195%
Cherokee tribal grouping2,9580.023%
Chippewa tribal grouping4110.003%
Navajo tribal grouping3070.002%
Sioux tribal grouping7330.006%
Asian Population417,5253.26%
Asian Indian125,2020.98%
Other Asian Population66,339
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander3,6650.03%
Native Hawaiian1,3500.011%
Guamanian or Chamorro3600.003%
Other Pacific Islander1,432
Some other race251,215
Hispanic or Latino874,8336.84%
Puerto Rican438,9643.43%
Other Hispanic or Latino262,556

Source: US Census 2017(Table B03002)

Top Cities of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia is the most populous in the Pennsylvania state as on 2018, ranks seventy-one city as per the 2020 Urban Agglomeration stats by UN, followed by Pittsburgh with 301,048 and Allentown with 121,433 are the second and third populous states in state of Pennsylvania.


Population Pyramid

Pennsylvania population pyramid hints the growth or decline pattern, as on 2021 Pennsylvania census, 0 to 14 years pattern is steady, there by slightly increased until 29 years and 45 to 59 years, In the 30 to 44 age group and above 70 years there is a decline in population. From 70 years and above the female population is greater than male and the female population is doubled to male for above 80.

Source: 2021 US Census Estimates: Population In Five Year Age-Group

Pennsylvania Population by Age

According to 2019 US population estimates, population of Pennsylvania by age is 12,790,505, out of these 6,260,160 are male, 6,530,345 are female, The sex ratio of Pennsylvania is 959. The Pennsylvania population by age are, under 15 years is 2,211,497, 15 years and over is 10,579,008, 30 years and over is 8,034,267, 65 years and over is 2,181,022 and 85 years and over is 325,399. 48.94 percent are male, 51.06 percent are female, 17.29 percent are under 15 years old, 82.71 percent are 15 years and over, 62.81 percent are 30 years and over, 17.05 percent are 65 years and over, 2.54 percent are 85 years and over.

Languages spoken in PA

English is the widely spoken and Official language of Pennsylvania, 89% of PA population spoke English, 4.8% by Spanish, European language by 3.6% and 2% of Asian languages spoken at home. The language spoken at home by ability to speak english are 633,342 speak Spanish language, 248,401 speak French including Cajun, 18,210 speak Haitian, 33,077 speak Italian, 16,596 Portuguese, 43,349 German, 81,834 Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or other West Germanic languages. 15,612 speak Greek, 39,733 speak Russian, 18,421 Polish, 4,428 Serbo-Croatian, 20,261 Ukrainian/Slavic, 1,587 Armenian, 7,342 Persian. Over the Asian Indian languages, 24,264 speak Hindi, 27,038 Gujarati, 10,712 Urdu, 6,429 Punjabi, 15,331 Bengali, 20,467 speak Marathi/Nepali/other Indian languages, 15,739 speak Telugu, 11,065 Tamil, 11,666 speak Kannada/Malayalam / other Dravidian languages. 95,753 speak Chinese including Mandarin, Cantonese, 5,613 speak Japanese, 27,974 Korean, 194 are Hmong, 36,389 Vietnamese, 12,658 Khmer, 5,659 speak Thai/Lao/Tai-Kadai language, 14,951 speak Tagalog, 8,949 speak Ilocano/Samoan/Hawaiian or other Austronesian language, 32,249 speak Arabic, 6,169 Hebrew, 7,844 Amharic/Somali or other Afro-Asiatic language, 19,507 speak Yoruba/Twi/Igbo or other languages of Western Africa, 6,764 Swahili or other languages of Central, Eastern and Southern Africa, 268 Navajo and 1,363 speak other Native languages of North America.
Speak only English10,750,80389.01
Spanish Language576,2324.77
European Language431,4563.57
Asian Languages241,2992.00
Other Languages79,0680.65
Source: US Census 2017(Table S1601)

Pennsylvania Education

Pennsylvania statistics on Education as on 2017.

Population 18 to 24 years1,215,635617,263598,372
Less than high school graduate147,35285,80261,550
High school graduate (includes equivalency)397,694220,761176,933
Some college or associates degree522,655247,970274,685
Bachelors degree or higher147,93462,73085,204
Population 25 years and over8,885,9534,266,3394,619,614
Less than 9th grade296,463146,160150,303
9th to 12th grade, no diploma602,519306,271296,248
High school graduate (includes equivalency)3,161,7861,541,5811,620,205
Some college, no degree1,427,444683,922743,522
Associates degree724,522309,974414,548
Bachelors degree1,621,733782,452839,281
Graduate or professional degree1,051,486495,979555,507
High school graduate or higher6,612,0183,168,5083,443,510
Bachelors degree or higher2,266,9591,095,9471,171,012
Black or African879,316407,447471,869
High school graduate or higher751,424343,506407,918
Bachelors degree or higher157,37963,21594,164
American Indian or Alaska Native alone16,6218,3838,238
High school graduate or higher12,5126,2066,306
Bachelors degree or higher2,9651,4441,521
High school graduate or higher229,428111,079118,349
Bachelors degree or higher150,93976,26774,672
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,4159531,462
High school graduate or higher1,8047381,066
Bachelors degree or higher496269227
Hispanic or Latino Origin458,184231,611226,573
High school graduate or higher322,379157,541164,838
Bachelors degree or higher69,40129,83039,571
Source: US Census 2017(Table S1501)


2017 statistics of disability of Pennsylvania state.

Total civilian non-institutionalized population1,730,190
Black or African American216,401
American Indian and Alaska Native alone5,526
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander631
Some other race35,109
With a hearing difficulty472,714
With a vision difficulty285,972
With a cognitive difficulty673,967
With an ambulatory difficulty877,325
With a self-care difficulty324,919
With an independent living difficulty617,686

Counties of Pennsylvania

There are total 67 counties and by Pennsylvania population by county, Lycoming is the largest county in Pennsylvania by land area and having population of 113,664 and it is second largest by total area. Montour is the smallest county by area with population of 18,240. The most populus is Philadelphia County with 1.5 million followed by Allegheny County with 1.2 million and least populus is Cameron County with 4,492 people.

CountyPopulation 2017Population 2018% ChangeRank 2017Rank 2018
Adams County102,367102,8110.43131
Allegheny County1,220,6561,218,452-0.222
Armstrong County65,87665,263-0.93839
Beaver County165,703164,742-0.62121
Bedford County48,43848,176-0.54545
Berks County417,524420,1520.699
Blair County123,175122,492-0.62828
Bradford County60,98860,833-0.34141
Bucks County627,028628,1950.244
Butler County187,004187,8880.51919
Cambria County133,054131,730-12626
Cameron County4,6214,492-2.86767
Carbon County63,86564,2270.64040
Centre County162,250162,8050.32222
Chester County518,934522,0460.677
Clarion County38,97538,779-0.55656
Clearfield County79,77579,388-0.53636
Clinton County38,83738,684-0.45757
Columbia County65,64965,456-0.33938
Crawford County85,78885,063-0.83434
Cumberland County249,238251,4230.91616
Dauphin County275,831277,0970.51414
Delaware County563,487564,7510.255
Elk County30,29030,169-0.45959
Erie County273,892272,061-0.71515
Fayette County131,427130,441-0.82727
Forest County7,3117,279-0.46565
Franklin County154,487154,8350.22323
Fulton County14,47514,5230.36464
Greene County36,84936,506-0.95858
Huntingdon County45,37445,168-0.54848
Indiana County84,87984,501-0.43535
Jefferson County43,82843,641-0.45050
Juniata County24,62824,7040.36161
Lackawanna County210,640210,7930.11717
Lancaster County541,054543,5570.566
Lawrence County86,65286,184-0.53333
Lebanon County139,566141,3141.32525
Lehigh County365,371368,1000.71010
Luzerne County317,624317,64601212
Lycoming County113,930113,664-0.22929
McKean County41,32940,968-0.95151
Mercer County111,551110,683-0.83030
Mifflin County46,33446,222-0.24646
Monroe County168,089169,5070.82020
Montgomery County824,562828,6040.533
Montour County18,27518,240-0.26262
Northampton County302,976304,8070.61313
Northumberland County91,76791,083-0.73232
Perry County46,03246,1390.24747
Philadelphia County1,580,2211,584,1380.211
Pike County55,52355,9330.74242
Potter County16,83516,622-1.36363
Schuylkill County142,666142,067-0.42424
Snyder County40,58540,540-0.15454
Somerset County74,35673,952-0.53737
Sullivan County6,1396,071-1.16666
Susquehanna County40,97540,589-0.95253
Tioga County40,70140,7630.25352
Union County44,75644,7850.14949
Venango County51,82351,266-1.14344
Warren County39,67739,498-0.55555
Washington County207,296207,34601818
Wayne County51,21551,2760.14443
Westmoreland County352,321350,611-0.51111
Wyoming County27,38127,046-1.26060
York County445,722448,2730.688

Pennsylvania History

As per the Pennsylvania History, The Native Indians are the first people of Pennsylvania were part of the earliest waves of human migration into the Western hemisphere. Archaeological evidence shows their existence of modern Pennsylvania's borders as far back as 12,000 to 15,000 years ago

The Paleo Indians believed to come to the North America about 30,000 to 10,000 years ago during the end of the Ice Age, That time ocean levels are very low and exposed the Bering Land Bridge between Siberia and Alaska.

Hunters crossed or moved to this land bridge from Asia into North America. The most famous Paleo Indian archaeological site in Pennsylvania, the Meadow-croft Rock-shelter, shows evidence of human occupation possibly as early as 16,000 years ago, expected as it may be one of the earliest site of human occupation in North America.

Paleo Indians used to live in natural rock like shelters in Pennsylvania, hunting animals like turkey, deer, elk, and other prey. At that time, Native Indians were hunter gatherers initially, but due to the climate change, natural resources around them changed, their technology on food became more diverse.

Native Indians are taking advantage of their surroundings with agriculture and were a constantly changing in diversifying different languages. By 1,000 B.C. life of Indian peoples changed drastically with customs, as they learned to cultivate crops. Agriculture made it possible to produce food surpluses, which in turn they lived peacefully by population expansion. They improved their technologies for farming, hunting, pottery making and fishing which was borrowed from different region tribes and communicating with each other and over that vast period of time, Indian cultures developed and diversified in many ways as they developed and adapted by improving the living standards.

By 800 BC - 100 A.D, technologies has been improved very rapidly including communication, construction of small structures and increasing ceremonial centers for Indian communities. Between 1000 - 1500 AD, The Native population has increased drastically, distinct Indian cultures had population centers like villages along the three major river systems of Pennsylvania, namely, the Delaware, the Susquehanna, and the Allegheny-Ohio.

The Lenape tribe inhabited in the south and north parts of the Delaware Valley, people living in villages and commuting to seasonal hunting and fishing camps. Distinct Indian peoples, as there are many who lived are in the major river valleys, located from the Delaware to the Ohio state.

By the time Europeans explorers arrived in Penn's Woods in the 1600, Explorers might more accurately have been called The "Indians", as they have already learned about Indians living in Asian part and they were amazed to see that they are well planned and already quite occupied land. Manipulation and change of the landscape was evident in their villages, walk paths, open fields for trading and hunting and fishing camps.

Many of the other developments seen by the explorers are the paths or the walk ways they had created to travel and trade among these distant places and many of their diverse communities. Other developments seen to be taken place like Native place names, burial mounds, and petroglyphs etched into rocks testified over thousands of years.


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