World Population > India Population

Kerala Population

Kerala is the south-western state of India, bordered by Karnataka to the north, Tamilnadu to the east and south, and Lakshdweep to the west. Kerala population in 2020 is estimated to be 36 Million (3.6 Crores), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31, May 2020, by mid of year 2020 the projected population is 35,699,443. It is twenty-third largest state in India by area of 38,863 sq km. 'Keralam' is the the local slang of Kerala, Many believes 'Kera' means coconut and 'alam' means land, meaning 'Land of Coconuts'. Kerala is green everywhere and most popular for its tourism due to backwaters, lakes, mountain ranges, waterfalls and ferry rides. Kerala state has highest litaracy rate in India with 94% compared to the national average of 74%. Kerala's sex ratio of 1084 females to 1000 males, is higher than that of the rest of India. As per Niti Aayog 2016 report, Total Fertility Rate is 1.8.
Kerala Population
Source Image: Keraliates travelling in the ferry, backwaters of Kerala
People of Kerala are called 'Keraliates' or 'Malayali', and Malayalam is the native language spoken through out the state.

The first recorded census was carried out by British in 1901, 6.3 million registered. In 1951 the sixth census was conducted by Independent India, the population is doubled in the span of 50 years from 1901 to 1951, 13.5 million. By 2001 the Kerala state population is 31.8 million, growth rate is 2.3 times for the period of 50 years. In 2011 census the population was 33.4 million with a increase of 4.91% compared to the last census in 2001. By 2021 it is estimated that the population will be 35.8 million with a growth rate of 7.2%.
Census yearPersonsAbsolutePercentageMalesFemales
19016,396,262--3,191,4663,204,796
19117,147,673751,41111.753,559,4253,588,248
19217,802,127654,4549.163,879,4583,922,669
19319,507,0501,704,92321.854,702,9514,804,099
194111,031,5411,524,49116.045,443,2965,588,245
195113,549,1182,517,57722.826,681,9016,867,217
196116,903,7153,354,59724.768,361,9278,541,788
197121,347,3754,443,66026.2910,587,85110,759,524
198125,453,6804,106,30519.2412,527,76712,925,913
199129,098,5183,644,83814.3214,288,99514,809,523
200131,841,3742,742,8569.4315,468,61416,372,760
201133,406,0611,564,6874.9116,027,41217,378,649
Source: A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901


Population Pyramid

Source: 2011 Census: Population In Five Year Age-Group


Kerala Population by Religion

The major religions of Kerala are Hindu, Islam, Christian. As per 2011 census Kerala population religion wise, Hinduism is with 54.7%, followed by Muslim with 26.5% and Christianity with 18.3%. Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains are below 5000 each and 95,773 people has not stated their religion or have no religious affiliation. The total muslim population 8.8 Million is the second largest after Hindu population of 18.2 million, followed by Christian accounts for 6.1 million, the third largest religious community.

ReligionPersonsPercentageMalesFemales
Hindu18,282,49254.738,803,4559,479,037
Muslim8,873,47226.564,176,2554,697,217
Christian6,141,26918.382,993,7813,147,488
Sikh3,8140.012,1731,641
Buddhist4,7520.012,4422,310
Jain4,4890.012,2252,264
Others7,6180.024,1143,504
Not Stated88,1550.2642,96745,188
Source: Details of Religion In Main Table C-1- 2011 (India & States/UTs)


Ethnic groups

TribesPopulation as per Census 2011
All Scheduled Tribes484,839
Adiyan11,526
Arandan, Aranadan283
Eravallan4,797
Hill Pulaya, Mala Pulayan, Kurumba Pulayan, Karavazhi Pulayan, Pamba Pulayan2,959
Irular, Irulan23,721
Kadar, Wayanad Kadar2,949
Kanikaran, Kanikkar21,251
Kattunayakan18,199
Kochuvelan38
Koraga1,582
Kudiya, Melakudi785
Kurichchan, Kurichiyan35,171
Kurumans, Mullu Kuruman, Mulla Kuruman, Mala Kuruman24,505
Kurumbas, Kurumbar, Kurumban2,586
Maha Malasar154
Malai Arayan, Mala Arayan33,216
Malai Pandaram2,422
Malai Vedan, Malavedan8,149
Malakkuravan175
Malasar3,195
Malayan, Nattu Malayan, Konga Malayan (excluding the areas comprising the Kasargode, Connanore, Wayanad and Kozhikode districts)5,917
Malayarayar1,568
Mannan (to be spelt in Malayalam script in parenthesis)9,780
Muthuvan, Mudugar, Muduvan23,746
Palleyan, Palliyan, Palliyar, Paliyan1,464
Paniyan88,450
Ulladan, Ullatan16,230
Uraly11,179
Mala Vettuvan (in Kasargode and Kannur districts)17,869
Ten Kurumban, Jenu Kurumban25
Thachanadan, Thachanadan Moopan1,745
Cholanaickan124
Mavilan30,867
Karimpalan14,098
Vetta Kuruman739
Mala Panickar1,023
Generic Tribes etc.62,352


Languages spoken in Kerala

Malayalam is the official language of Kerala and most widely spoken through out the state with 97%. Tamil speakers are 1.5% and other languages like Tulu, Konkani, Hindi are less than 1%.
LanguagesPersonsPercentageRuralUrban
Malayalam32,413,21397.027916,867,24515,545,968
Tamil502,5161.5043346,256156,260
Tulu124,2660.372091,04633,220
Kannada86,9950.260458,19528,800
Konkani69,4490.207916,31253,137
Hindi51,9280.155412,42839,500
Telugu35,3800.105917,67817,702
Marathi31,6420.094723,9427,700
Bengali29,0610.087012,28516,776
Urdu13,1220.03934,0029,120
Odia10,9580.03284,1236,835
Assamese5,7960.01743,0532,743
Gujarati4,7100.01413524,358
Nepali3,6650.01101,0262,639
Bhili3,4580.01043,187271
Source: 2011 Census: Language and Mother Tongue


Disability

Below is the disbale population of Kerala state as per table below.

Type of disabilityTotal PersonsCultivatorsAgriculture laborHHIOther workers
Total disabled population179,69412,51723,2815,556138,340
In Seeing31,4672,8174,86299422,794
In Hearing30,5722,3704,6091,11222,481
In Speech12,7937871,8093669,831
In Movement48,8632,6884,1761,32540,674
Mental Retardation4,5483736931263,356
Mental Illness9,4296561,5702946,909
Any Other29,1021,8993,72891422,561
Multiple disability12,9209271,8344259,734
Source: 2011 Census: Distribution of Disabled(India & States/UTs)


District wise population in Kerala

Below is the Kerala district wise population as per Census 2011 and 2020 projection. Kerala is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Trivandrum also called Thiruvananthapuram, density is 4500 people per sq km. Palakkad is the largest district with 4480 sq km. Alappuzha is the smallest district with 1414 sq km. In Census 2011, Kottayam district has registered the highest literacy rate of 97.17% compared to Kerala's overall 94%.

DistrictPopulation(2020 est.)Population(2011)Percentage
Kasaragod1,490,4081,307,3753.91
Kannur2,876,2232,523,0037.55
Wayanad931,859817,4202.45
Kozhikode3,518,3743,086,2939.24
Malappuram4,688,7294,112,92012.31
Palakkad3,203,3252,809,9348.41
Thrissur3,558,1683,121,2009.34
Ernakulam3,741,9223,282,3889.83
Idukki 1,264,2301,108,9743.32
Kottayam2,250,9881,974,5515.91
Alappuzha2,425,6792,127,7896.37
Pathanamthitta1,365,0501,197,4123.58
Kollam3,004,3282,635,3757.89
Thiruvananthapuram3,763,6273,301,4279.88
Source: 2011 Census: Population Data on District/Sub-Dist Level

Tamil nadu Population

Tamil nadu Population

Telangana Population

Telangana Population

Ladakh Population

Ladakh Population

Delhi Population

Delhi Population

Jammu and Kashmir Population

Jammu and Kashmir Population

Uttar Pradesh Population

Uttar Pradesh Population


References

1. http://censusindia.gov.in/
2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf
3. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in

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