World Population > India Population

Punjab Population

Punjab is a state of India, located in norther part of India bordered by Jammu and Kashmir in the north, pakistan on the west, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh on the west, Haryana and Rajasthan on the south. The "panj" means five and "aab" means water, its land of five waters referring to the rivers Jhelum, Chenab, Sutlej, Ravi and Beas. Chandigarh is the capital city of Punjab state also shared by Haryana state. Punjab state has 22 districts and its population rank is 16th place in India, Punjab population in 2020 is estimated to be 30 Million (3 Crores), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31, May 2020, by mid of year 2020 the projected population is 30,141,373. As per Niti Aayog 2016 report, Total Fertility Rate is 1.7.
punjab Population gathering at amritsar
Image Source: Punjabi's gathering at Amritsar
Punjabi culture is one of the oldest and richest culture practiced from last 2000 years along with other Hindu cultures. Punjabi's belong to Indo-Aryan race and one of the largest ethinic groups on the face of the earth. At the time of India Partition, western part of Punjab region is settled to Pakistan and eastern part of Punjab is settled with India where majority of sikh people moved to eastern part of punjab in 1947 due to Islamic formation of Pakistan country.

Census yearPersonsAbsolutePercentageMalesFemales
19017,544,790--4,118,3863,426,404
19116,731,510-813,280-10.783,782,2362,949,274
19217,152,811421,3016.263,976,1803,176,631
19318,012,325859,51412.024,415,2923,597,033
19419,600,2361,587,91119.825,228,2804,371,956
19519,160,500-439,736-4.584,968,2064,192,294
196111,135,0691,974,56921.566,007,5665,127,503
197113,551,0602,415,99121.77,266,5156,284,545
198116,788,9153,237,85523.898,937,2107,851,705
199120,281,9693,493,05420.8110,778,0349,503,935
200124,358,9994,077,03020.112,985,04511,373,954
201127,743,3383,384,33913.8914,639,46513,103,873
Source: A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901


Population Pyramid

Source: 2011 Census: Population In Five Year Age-Group


Punjab Population by Religion

As per 2011 census Punjab Population Religion wise, Sikh is the main religion in Punjab with 16 million(57%), followed by Hindu with 10 million(38%), Muslims, Christians, Buddhists and Jains share less than 4% of the total Punjab population. Among the Indian Punjabi's 60% of the population related to Sikhism and 38% related to Hinduism.

ReligionPersonsPercentageMalesFemales
Hindu10,678,13838.495,683,8944,994,244
Muslim535,4891.93287,534247,955
Christian348,2301.26182,041166,189
Sikh16,004,75457.698,395,7977,608,957
Buddhist33,2370.1217,17616,061
Jain45,0400.1623,56021,480
Others10,8860.045,7355,151
Not Stated87,5640.3243,72843,836
Source: Details of Religion In Main Table C-1- 2011 (India & States/UTs)


Languages spoken in Punjab

Punjabi is the main language with 89.81% of the population, around 25 millions speak Punjabi, followed by Hindi with 9.35% (2.5 million).

LanguagesPersonsPercentageRuralUrban
Punjabi24,917,88589.815716,534,6638,383,222
Hindi2,594,8319.3530759,0951,835,736
Urdu27,3870.098710,71516,672
Bengali27,0300.09745,51021,520
Nepali22,0610.07954,68817,373
Marathi20,3920.07351,67418,718
Dogri18,1550.06546,66811,487
Gujarati13,5310.04882,95410,577
Tamil10,3890.03741,3339,056
Odia9,9690.03591,6618,308
Malayalam9,7340.03519448,790
Telugu9,5230.03439618,562
Maithili9,0540.03262,5466,508
Assamese4,0900.01475963,494
Kannada3,8990.01416003,299
Kashmiri2,9130.01055932,320
Source: 2011 Census: Language and Mother Tongue


Disability

Below table is the disable people stats of Punjab.

Type of disabilityTotal PersonsCultivatorsAgriculture laborHHIOther workers
Total disabled population216,32040,11238,18010,897127,131
In Seeing26,5115,1394,6911,12815,553
In Hearing54,1209,4688,9003,29532,457
In Speech7,2591,6211,1723054,161
In Movement46,7588,1867,6882,02028,864
Mental Retardation7,4901,5241,5903594,017
Mental Illness3,5688598161341,759
Any Other65,46812,20912,4223,41837,419
Multiple disability5,1461,1069012382,901
Source: 2011 Census: Distribution of Disabled(India & States/UTs)


District wise population in Punjab

Punjab is divided into 22 districts, Ludhiana is the most populated district with 3.91 million(2019) in the punjab state and Barnala is the least populated district (0.6 million). Firozepur is the largest district in the Punjab state with 2,190 sq km while Kapurthala is the smallest district with 1,633 sq km. Below table illustrates Punjab Population district wise.

DistrictPopulation(2020 est.)Population(2011)Percentage
Gurdaspur2,620,0882,298,3238.28
Kapurthala 929,292815,1682.94
Jalandhar2,500,6932,193,5907.91
Hoshiarpur1,808,7531,586,6255.72
Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar 698,033612,3102.21
Fatehgarh Sahib684,186600,1632.16
Ludhiana3,988,5623,498,73912.61
Moga1,135,150995,7463.59
Firozpur2,313,1442,029,0747.31
Muktsar1,028,161901,8963.25
Faridkot703,959617,5082.23
Bathinda1,582,9191,388,5255.00
Mansa877,516769,7512.77
Patiala2,161,0821,895,6866.83
Amritsar 2,839,3482,490,6568.98
Tarn Taran1,276,3751,119,6274.04
Rupnagar780,475684,6272.47
Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar1,133,876994,6283.59
Sangrur1,886,8931,655,1695.97
Barnala678,901595,5272.15
Source: 2011 Census: Population Data on District/Sub-Dist Level

Haryana Population

Haryana Population

Himachal Pradesh Population

Himachal Pradesh Population

Assam Population

Assam Population

West Bengal Population

West Bengal Population

Madhya Pradesh Population

Madhya Pradesh Population

Gujarat Population

Gujarat Population


References

1. http://censusindia.gov.in/
2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf
3. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in

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