World Population

South Australia Population

South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a state in the southern central part of Australia, borders Western Australia to the west, Northern Territory to the north, Queensland to the north-east, New South Wales to the east, Victoria to the south-east, and Great Australian Bight to the south. South Australia population in 2021 is estimated to be 1.78 million, ranks fifth populous state in Australia, covers area of 1,044,353 sq.km. (403,227 sq miles) and area rank is fourth. South Australia is renowned for its booming wine culture, which dominates the landscapes that surround Adelaide. South Australia's largest employment sector is health care and economy includes from main sectors are wheat, wine and wool. Adelide is the capital city of South Australian state, with more than 77 percent of South Australians living in Greater Metropolitan Adelaide. Other significant population centres include Gawler, Mount Gambier, Whyalla, Victor Harbor-Goolwa, Murray Bridge, Port Lincoln, Port Pirie and Port Augusta.

According to 2016 South Australian Census, the population by age group as below:

Age groupsMaleFemalePopulation
0-4 years49,91047,16397,072
5-14 years100,50595,419195,930
15-19 years51,51649,169100,686
20-24 years55,22352,766107,986
25-34 years108,274109,837218,107
35-44 years104,188105,275209,468
45-54 years112,117114,770226,891
55-64 years104,169109,756213,923
65-74 years81,31687,533168,852
75-84 years42,43750,82193,258
85 years and over16,34028,14344,479
Total persons825,997850,6521,676,653


Religions

At the 2016 census, overall 49.11% of responses identified some variant of Christianity out of these Catholicism (18%), Anglicanism (10%) and Uniting Church (7.1%). The other major groups are 35.4% stated they have no religion, 8.9% Religious affiliation not stated, 1.36 % follows Hinduism, 1.70 follows Islam and 0.52% follows Sikhism.

ReligionsPopulation
Christianity:
Anglican167,658
Assyrian Apostolic3
Baptist26,476
Brethren817
Catholic301,034
Churches of Christ4,866
Eastern Orthodox41,219
Jehovah's Witnesses5,827
Latter-day Saints3,198
Lutheran51,705
Oriental Orthodox1,725
Other Protestant6,584
Pentecostal19,033
Presbyterian and Reformed17,783
Salvation Army4,097
Seventh-day Adventist2,738
Uniting Church118,229
Christianity, nfd46,531
Other Christian3,905
Total823,426
Hinduism22,922
Islam28,547
Judaism1,031
Other Religions:
Australian Aboriginal Traditional Religions475
Sikhism8,808
Other Religious Groups6,976
Total16,267
Secular Beliefs and Other Spiritual Beliefs and No Religious Affiliation:
No Religion, so described594,313
Secular Beliefs5,440
Other Spiritual Beliefs3,205
Total602,957
Religious affiliation not stated150,215
Total1,676,653


Ethnic groups

The table below indicates the Indigenous people status in 2016:

Age GroupAboriginal/Torres Strait IslanderNon-IndigenousIndigenous status not statedTotal
0-4 years3,78788,6734,61497,072
5-9 years3,96391,9734,533100,466
10-14 years 3,66887,5894,20895,461
15-19 years3,55392,7274,403100,686
20-24 years3,01199,7795,193107,986
25-29 years2,62499,2645,474107,361
30-34 years2,226103,0015,517110,751
35-39 years1,76896,0714,973102,818
40-44 years 1,93999,6985,012106,650
45-49 years1,921106,0285,668113,619
50-54 years1,693105,8695,708113,272
55-59 years1,396104,5695,935111,896
60-64 years1,04895,5665,416102,028
65 years and over1,581286,20318,805306,591
Total34,1841,557,00185,4641,676,653
The table below shows the Ancestry by Country of Birth:
Country of BirthPersons
Australian560,374
Australian Aboriginal8,169
Chinese52,268
Croatian8,175
Dutch26,489
English639,350
Filipino15,890
French7,572
German129,923
Greek38,186
Hungarian5,617
Indian33,069
Irish134,437
Italian96,010
Korean4,392
Lebanese5,228
Macedonian1,593
Maltese6,815
Maori3,162
New Zealander6,808
Polish18,710
Russian6,172
Scottish140,424
Serbian5,856
South African4,709
Spanish5,410
Sri Lankan3,822
Turkish1,212
Vietnamese20,291
Welsh12,102
Other138,458
Ancestry not stated97,771
Total persons1,676,653
28.9% of the population was born overseas at the 2016 census. The five largest groups of overseas-born were from England (5.8%), India (1.6%), China (1.5%), Italy (1.1%) and Vietnam (0.9%). The table below shows Country of Birth by persons:
Country of BirthPersons
Afghanistan6,313
Australia1,192,551
Bangladesh1,969
Bosnia and Herzegovina1,967
Cambodia3,201
Canada2,220
Chile747
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)24,610
Croatia2,867
Egypt1,466
England97,392
Fiji1,200
France1,365
Germany10,119
Greece8,682
Hong Kong (SAR of China)3,576
India27,594
Indonesia2,140
Iran4,527
Iraq1,482
Ireland3,299
Italy18,544
Japan1,527
South Korea3,686
Lebanon1,535
Malaysia7,749
Malta1,417
Mauritius215
Myanmar1,579
Nepal2,856
Netherlands6,602
New Zealand12,937
Northern Ireland2,084
Pakistan3,445
Papua New Guinea911
Philippines12,465
Poland4,954
Scotland11,991
Singapore2,491
South Africa6,610
South Eastern Europe1,877
Sri Lanka3,787
Taiwan1,703
Thailand2,846
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia388
Turkey593
United States of America4,360
Vietnam14,337
Wales2,837
Zimbabwe1,486
Born elsewhere39,584
Country of Birth Not stated100,005
Total1,676,653
Country of Birth of Person by year of Arrival in Australia:
Country of BirthBefore 19461946-19551956-19651966-19751976-19851986-19951996-20052006-20102011-2016Not statedTotal
Canada320107289293261453326414462,220
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)9372601074621,0463,0586,44912,0671,11024,610
Croatia151476839221082575823245822,867
Egypt31702128663136133256374331,466
Fiji8165255125296252200178191,200
Germany203,8392,2121,21268545457441839529710,119
Greece311,4554,3311,665296175102382523478,682
Hong Kong (SAR of China)1311531252516185284841,3481573,576
India141901907243206782,41112,14010,17674027,594
Indonesia3639588131190383314824532,140
Iran038201694157298272,2291174,527
Iraq0048367570356434301,482
Ireland12128406816282385271366541973,299
Italy1654,4508,4533,03742723322617552086218,544
Japan031122441163402301455961,527
South Korea005131232117091,3091,1881233,686
Lebanon155184332292220238122140481,535
Malaysia18131485317801,0421,1251,3552,5421997,749
Malta6482491228814017124571,417
Netherlands141,8472,7296993761032682021781846,602
New Zealand521143681,3602,6992,4412,4231,3901,55551612,937
Pakistan03121318423386772,239903,445
Philippines0324951,0012,0451,7033,2463,96838512,465
Poland95424692871,3991,3663631941701514,954
Singapore31274223251259455395738682,491
South Africa9221863344434881,8341,7901,3821316,610
Sri Lanka019631482312763499711,658643,787
Thailand0010243154995645996821482,846
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia34961126344037101610388
Turkey02035166529088715320593
United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man3347,12625,56537,8118,9497,4258,0699,7706,6823,371115,106
United States of America3411326214275448786199751164,360
Vietnam0341544,3893,8731,4541,6112,35849414,337
Zimbabwe0454369390351465354271,486
Born elsewhere1102,8313,0954,8564,0176,04410,27011,97718,1062,17563,478
0
Total88723,72950,68557,22529,62032,51842,20959,47675,26612,478384,097


Literacy

Below table is the Age of persons attending an educational institution:

Age of personsMaleFemalePopulation
0-4 years8,7478,49417,244
5-14 years92,57587,966180,540
15-19 years38,53238,72677,260
20-24 years19,59522,51942,114
25 years and over23,89437,46861,363
Below table is the highest year of school completed:
Highest year of school completedMaleFemalePopulation
Year 12 or equivalent310,533345,897656,429
Year 11 or equivalent124,426116,613241,035
Year 10 or equivalent109,151109,848218,998
Year 9 or equivalent37,67636,66474,342
Year 8 or below 35,50939,85575,364
Did not go to school5,4946,61912,117


Languages

At the 2016 census, 78.2% of the population spoke only English at home. The other languages most commonly spoken at home were 2.42% speak Chinese that includes Cantonese, Mandarin, 1.37% Greek, 1.73% Italian, 1.1% Vietnamese, 0.32% Tagalog, 0.33% Spanish, 0.24% Serbian, 0.33% Polish, 0.21% Korean, 0.43% Hindi, 0.38% German, 0.55% Arabic.

LanguagePopulation
Speaks English only1,311,533
Speaks other language:
Afrikaans2,362
Arabic9,292
Australian Indigenous Languages 3,392
Chinese languages:
Cantonese9,666
Mandarin28,780
Other2,266
Total40,709
Croatian3,075
Dutch2,551
French2,720
German6,453
Greek22,993
Indo-Aryan languages:
Bengali2,406
Hindi7,310
Punjabi9,306
Sinhalese2,640
Urdu2,942
Other10,025
Italian29,106
Japanese2,200
Korean3,600
Macedonian633
Maltese846
Persian (excluding Dari)4,745
Polish5,677
Russian3,289
Samoan155
Serbian4,175
Southeast Asian Austronesian languages:
Filipino 3,861
Indonesian1,822
Tagalog5,486
Other1,772
Total12,942
Spanish5,669
Tamil2,701
Thai1,955
Turkish697
Vietnamese19,017
Other48,518
Total274,115
Language spoken at home not stated91,003


Marital status of South Australian state as per 2016 census:

Age GroupMarriedSeparatedDivorcedWidowedNever marriedTotal
15-19 years363316950100,175100,686
20-24 years5,41034913187102,015107,986
25-34 years84,5604,7974,317349124,085218,107
35-44 years123,6499,77315,1191,00159,923209,468
45-54 years132,94012,50232,9003,17245,380226,891
55-64 years133,3769,56239,0928,06923,828213,923
65-74 years111,7555,17825,79817,3128,809168,852
75-84 years53,6241,6068,45826,5553,01893,258
85 years and over13,9494042,04726,6931,39044,479
Total659,62944,195127,92083,282468,6181,383,650


Income Distribution

The manufacturing industry plays an key role in South Australians state economy, and large part in exports. The manufacturing industry consists of automotive manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, Defence technology and electronic systems. South Australian state economy relies on exports more than any other state in Australia. Median age of persons is 40, Median mortgage repayment $1,491 monthly, Median total personal income is $600 weekly, Median rent is $260 weekly, Median total family income is $1,510 weekly, Average number of persons per bedroom is 0.8, Median total household income is $ 1,206 weekly and Average household size is 2.4.

Income WeeklyPopulation
$1-$149 61,699
$150-$299113,323
$300-$399137,711
$400-$499131,786
$500-$649115,297
$650-$799111,663
$800-$999 119,780
$1,000-$1,249 116,846
$1,250-$1,49973,918
$1,500-$1,74960,660
$1,750-$1,99940,479
$2,000-$2,99950,778
$3,000 or more26,956
Negative/Nil income117,050
Personal income not stated105,720


History

Indigenous Australians inhabited the area now known as South Australia, Evidence of human activity in South Australia dates back as far as 49,000 years. As per adelaideaz, Artefacts excavated in this region to push back the earliest known dates on the development of key bone and stone axe technologies and the use of ochre in Australia. The South Australian terrain consists largely of arid and semi arid rangelands, with several low mountain ranges. European settlers begin to immigrate into the state of South Australia for about four decades after Australia was first colonized. Originally, the region was part of the New South Wales colony of 1788. However, the British parliament passed an act allowing the establishment of another state in 1834. According to Kangaroo Island, The first European settlers of the Kangaroo Island were deserters from 9 English whaling ships and sealers arrived on the Island in the early 1836. Profits of whaling are encouraged, A report by Hart, Hagen & Baker noted 30 foreign whaling ships in South Australian waters in 1841. Kangaroo Island located 110 km south-west of Adelaide and its largest Australian Island. The early explorers of Kangaroo Island found no evidence of Aboriginal inhabitants. It was not until the early 1900's that Aboriginal campsites were found was inhabited from around 10,000 years. It was not until July 1836 that the first official settlers arrived aboard the Duke of York. As the first free settlement in Australia, the new settlement of Kingscote was dogged by the lack of water and suitable building timber. After four years, island was abandoned and moved in favour of Adelaide. South Australia grew on the back of agricultural industries like wine, and the mining industry in the late 19th century.


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