World Population > India Population

Gujarat Population

Gujarat is the western state of India, bordered by Arabian sea on the west, Maharastra on the south, Madhya Pradesh on the east and Rajasthan on the north. It is ninth largest state by Population and sixth largest state by area with 196,024 sq km and people density is 308 per sq km. Gujarat population in 2020 is estimated to be 64 Million (6.4 Crores), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31, May 2020, by mid of year 2020 the projected population is 63,872,399. Ghandinagar is the capital of Gujarat and its economy depends on agriculture, manufacturing, services and petroleum products, Other large cities are Ahmedabad, Bhavnagar and Surat. Lothal, Dholavira, and Gola Dhoro areas identified as ancient cities of Indus Valley, Dholavira being the largest ancient city. Gujarat was one of the main areas of Indus valley civilization of around 5000 BCE. The sex ratio of Gujarat people is 919 per 1000 males. As per Niti Aayog 2016 report, Total Fertility Rate is 2.2.
Gujarat Population
Image Source: Gujarati people gathering at Navratri
The people of Gujarat are called 'Gujaratis' and they speak Gujarati. The popular personalities like Mahatma Ghandi and Sardar Vallabhai Patel belongs to Gujarat, iconic figures of India's Independence movement.

The first registered census was recorded as 9 million in Gujarat region in 1901 by British India. The census conducted by Independent India in 1951 was recorded at 16 million, 7 million raise in population in the span of 50 years. From 1951 to 2001 the Gujarat population growth rate was more than 3 times, recorded as 50 million at the 2001 census. by the last census in 2011 the population growth rate was almost 20%, recorded to 60 million. The estimated population will be 64.7 million in 2021, with the lowest growth rate below 8% for the 10 year span from 2011 to 2021.
Census yearPersonsAbsolutePercentageMalesFemales
19019,094,748--4,654,8754,439,873
19119,803,587708,8397.795,037,8524,765,735
192110,174,989371,4023.795,233,4624,941,527
193111,489,8281,314,83912.925,906,6465,583,182
194113,701,5512,211,72319.257,060,3526,641,199
195116,262,6572,561,10618.698,331,9227,930,735
196120,633,3504,370,69326.8810,633,9029,999,448
197126,697,4756,064,12529.3913,802,49412,894,981
198134,085,7997,388,32427.6717,552,64016,533,159
199141,309,5827,223,78321.1921,355,20919,954,373
200150,671,0179,361,43522.6626,385,57724,285,440
201160,439,6929,768,67519.2831,491,26028,948,432
Source: A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901


Population Pyramid

Source: 2011 Census: Population In Five Year Age-Group


Gujarat Population by Religion

Religion wise, Hinduism is the major religion of the Gujarat state, According to 2011 census 88.57% belong to Hinduism, followed by Muslim with 9.6%. Christianity, Buddhism, Jainism and Zoarstrism are represented with below 2% of population. Jains are third-largest population in Gujarat with 0.96% followed by Christian with 0.52%. The Muslim population of Gujarat is 5.8 Million. The Zoarastrians are also known as parsi, migrated from Iran to Gujarat represent small percentage, instumental in playing vital role in Indian economy.

ReligionPersonsPercentageMalesFemales
Hindu53,533,98888.5727,941,17725,592,811
Muslim5,846,7619.673,007,2212,839,540
Christian316,1780.52159,759156,419
Sikh58,2460.1032,06926,177
Buddhist30,4830.0516,22014,263
Jain579,6540.96294,911284,743
Others16,4800.038,3628,118
Not Stated57,9020.1031,54126,361
Source: Details of Religion In Main Table C-1- 2011 (India & States/UTs)


Ethnic groups

TribesPopulation as per Census 2011
All Scheduled Tribes8,917,174
Barda748
Bavacha, Bamcha2,889
Bharwad (in the Nesses of the forests of Alech, Barada and Gir)a1,672
Bhil, Bhil Garasia, Dholi Bhil, Dungri Bhil, Dungri Garasia, Mewasi Bhil, Rawal Bhil, Tadvi Bhil, Bhagalia, Bhilala, Pawra, Vasava, Vasave4,215,603
Charan (in the Nesses of the forests of Alech, Barada and Gir)a2,890
Chaudhri (in Surat and Valsad districts)302,958
Chodhara7,579
Dhanka, Tadvi, Tetaria, Valvi280,949
Dhodia, Dhodi635,695
Dubla, Talavia, Halpati643,120
Gamit, Gamta, Gavit, Mavchi, Padvi378,445
Gond, Rajgond2,965
Kathodi, Katkari, Dhor Kathodi, Dhor Katkari, Son Kathodi, Son Katkari13,632
Kokna, Kokni, Kukna361,587
Koli Dhor, Tokre Koli, Kolcha, Kolgha67,119
Kunbi (in the Dangs district)60,646
Naikda, Nayaka, Cholivala Nayaka, Kapadia Nayaka, Mota Nayaka, Nana Nayaka459,908
Padhar30,932
Pardhi, Advichincher, Phanse Pardhi (excluding Amreli, Bhavnagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kutch, Rajkot and Surendranagar districts)3,450
Patelia114,414
Pomla687
Rabari (in the Nesses of the forests of Alech, Barada and Gir)a59,995
Rathawa642,348
Siddi, Siddi- Badshan (in Amreli, Bhavnagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Rajkot and Surendranagar districts)8,661
Varli328,194
Vitola, Kotwalia, Barodia24,249
Bhil, Bhilala, Barela, Patelia54,434
Tadvi Bhil, Bawra, Vasave572
Padvi136
Generic Tribes etc.210,697


Languages spoken in Gujarat

Gujarati is native to Gujarat state and is the main language with 86% of population around 52 million are native Gujarati speakers, followed by Hindi with 7% and Sindhi with 1.9%. Marathi and Bhili languages are 1.5% and 1.3%.
LanguagesPersonsPercentageRuralUrban
Gujarati51,958,73085.967932,460,16319,498,567
Hindi4,264,8687.0564509,3213,755,547
Sindhi1,184,0241.9590592,230591,794
Marathi920,3451.522762,543857,802
Bhili825,9421.3666798,91927,023
Urdu479,2060.792918,695460,511
Odia183,5490.303713,402170,147
Khandeshi153,6220.2542140,86412,758
Bengali79,6480.13189,45670,192
Telugu73,5680.12173,97869,590
Malayalam64,9980.10753,96561,033
Punjabi63,2880.10477,89755,391
Tamil40,0720.06632,47937,593
Nepali25,1420.04163,08622,056
Kannada18,0330.02981,93116,102
Maithili10,8640.01801,3599,505
Konkani5,0920.00843,4081,684
Assamese3,9350.00651,0002,935
Lahnda3,6810.0061193,662
Dogri2,0260.00341111,915
Source: 2011 Census: Language and Mother Tongue


Disability

Type of disabilityTotal PersonsCultivatorsAgriculture laborHHIOther workers
Total disabled population380,06471,03792,1157,015209,897
In Seeing76,65213,56516,9461,43144,710
In Hearing71,71013,14516,3861,34440,835
In Speech22,0883,8345,19840512,651
In Movement99,77719,92423,7991,82754,227
Mental Retardation9,7932,0593,5791344,021
Mental Illness8,9482,1473,0721323,597
Any Other79,23013,86319,5651,48144,321
Multiple disability11,8662,5003,5702615,535
Source: 2011 Census: Distribution of Disabled(India & States/UTs)


District wise population in Gujarat

Below is the Gujarat district wise population as per Census 2011 and 2020 projection. Gujarat state has 33 districts, Ahmedabad and Surat are the largest districts by population with 8 million and 6 million. Kutch district(Kachchh) located in north western part of Gujarat and is the largest district by area of 45,652 sq km.

DistrictPopulation(2020 est.)Population(2011)Percentage
Kachchh2,385,3032,092,3713.46
Banas Kantha3,557,3773,120,5065.16
Patan 1,531,8571,343,7342.22
Mahesana2,319,9732,035,0643.37
Sabar Kantha2,768,5912,428,5894.02
Gandhinagar1,586,5981,391,7532.30
Ahmadabad8,224,2177,214,22511.94
Surendranagar2,002,1461,756,2682.91
Rajkot4,337,1963,804,5586.29
Jamnagar2,462,5362,160,1193.57
Porbandar 667,412585,4490.97
Junagadh3,127,1132,743,0824.54
Amreli1,726,1771,514,1902.51
Bhavnagar3,283,6162,880,3654.77
Anand 2,385,7292,092,7453.46
Kheda2,621,8692,299,8853.81
Panch Mahals2,725,4852,390,7763.96
Dohad 2,424,8782,127,0863.52
Vadodara4,748,8144,165,6266.89
Narmada672,939590,2970.98
Bharuch1,768,1621,551,0192.57
The Dangs260,252228,2910.38
Navsari 1,515,8261,329,6722.20
Valsad1,944,4731,705,6782.82
Surat6,932,7076,081,32210.06
Tapi920,005807,0221.34
Source: 2011 Census: Population Data on District/Sub-Dist Level

Maharashtra Population

Maharashtra Population

Andhra Pradesh Population

Andhra Pradesh Population

Karnataka Population

Karnataka Population

Goa Population

Goa Population

Kerala Population

Kerala Population

Tamil nadu Population

Tamil nadu Population


References

1. http://censusindia.gov.in/
2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf
3. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in

© 2019-2020 populationU, Research papers on Population dynamics and Social affairs