World Population > India Population

Odisha Population

Odisha is the eastern state of India, Borders Bay of Bengal to the east and south, West Bengal and Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and Andhra Pradesh to the south. Odisha has 485 km of coastal line along Bay of Bengal and was formerly called Orissa. Odisha was popular for its ancient kingdom called Kalinga which was invaded by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka in the bloody Kalinga War in 261 BCE(100,000 people were killed). Odisha population in 2020 is expected to be 46 Million (4.6 Crores), By the mid of 2020, total population of Odisha is projected to be 46,356,334 as per Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31, May 2020. It is the 8th largest state by area with 155,707 sq km, and the 11th largest by population.

Census yearPersonsAbsolutePercentageMalesFemales
190110,302,917--5,058,1005,244,817
191111,378,8751,075,95810.445,535,6325,843,243
192111,158,586-220,289-1.945,350,2275,808,359
193112,491,0561,332,47011.946,042,2556,448,801
194113,767,9881,276,93210.226,706,4877,061,501
195114,645,946877,9586.387,242,8927,403,054
196117,548,8462,902,90019.828,770,5868,778,260
197121,944,6154,395,76925.0511,041,08310,903,532
198126,370,2714,425,65620.1713,309,78613,060,485
199131,659,7365,289,46520.0616,064,14615,595,590
200136,804,6605,144,92416.2518,660,57018,144,090
201141,974,2185,169,55814.0521,212,13620,762,082
Source: A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901


Population Pyramid

Source: 2011 Census: Population In Five Year Age-Group


Odisha Population by Religion

Odisha religion wise population as per 2011 census, 94% of the population are Hindus, followed by Christians and Muslims with 2.77 and 2.17%. There are 1.16 Million Christians and 911,670 Muslim population in Odisha state. The Sikh, Buddhist and Jain communities together account for 0.1% of the total population. Sarnaism accounts for upto 500,000.

ReligionPersonsPercentageMalesFemales
Hindu39,300,34193.6319,877,01419,423,327
Muslim911,6702.17465,992445,678
Christian1,161,7082.77570,979590,729
Sikh21,9910.0511,56110,430
Buddhist13,8520.037,2166,636
Jain9,4200.024,8854,535
Others478,3171.14235,607242,710
Not Stated76,9190.1838,88238,037
Source: Details of Religion In Main Table C-1- 2011 (India & States/UTs)


Ethnic groups

TribesPopulation as per Census 2011
All Scheduled Tribes9,590,756
Bagata, Bhakta8,813
Baiga338
Banjara, Banjari18,257
Bathudi, Bathuri217,395
Bhottada, Dhotada, Bhotra, Bhatra, Bhattara, Bhotora, Bhatara450,771
Bhuiya, Bhuyan306,129
Bhumia125,977
Bhumij, Teli Bhumij, Haladipokhria Bhumij, Haladi Pokharia Bhumija, Desi Bhumij, Desia Bhumij, Tamaria Bhumij283,909
Bhunjia12,350
Binjhal, Binjhwar137,040
Binjhia, Binjhoa11,419
Birhor596
Bondo Poraja, Bonda Paroja, Banda Paroja12,231
Chenchu13
Dal25,598
Desua Bhumij404
Dharua, Dhuruba, Dhurva18,151
Didayi, Didai Paroja, Didai8,890
Gadaba, Bodo Gadaba, Gutob Gadaba, Kapu Gadaba, Ollara Gadaba, Parenga Gadaba, Sano Gadaba84,689
Gandia1,854
Ghara195
Gond, Gondo, Rajgond, Maria Gond, Dhur Gond888,581
Ho80,608
Holva28,149
Jatapu14,890
Juang47,095
Kandha Gauda26,403
Kawar, Kanwar5,225
Kharia, Kharian, Berga Kharia, Dhelki Kharia, Dudh Kharia, Erenga Kharia, Munda Kharia, Oraon Kharia, Khadia, Pahari Kharia222,844
Kharwar2,265
Khond, Kond, Kandha, Nanguli Kandha, Sitha Kandha, Kondh, Kui, Buda Kondh, Bura Kandha, Desia Kandha,
Dungaria Kondh, Kutia Kandha, Kandha Gauda, Muli Kondh, Malua Kondh, Pengo Kandha, Raja Kondh, Raj Khond
1,627,486
Kisan, Nagesar, Nagesia331,589
Kol4,058
Kolah Loharas, Kol Loharas9,558
Kolha625,009
Koli, Malhar6,423
Kondadora20,802
Kora, Khaira, Khayara54,408
Korua499
Kotia7,232
Koya, Gumba Koya, Koitur Koya, Kamar Koya, Musara Koya147,137
Kulis13,689
Lodha, Nodh, Nodha, Lodh9,785
Madia2,243
Mahali18,625
Mankidi31
Mankirdia, Mankria, Mankidi2,222
Matya, Matia30,169
Mirdhas, Kuda, Koda75,940
Munda, Munda Lohara, Munda Mahalis, Nagabanshi Munda, Oriya Munda558,691
Mundari25,655
Omanatya, Omanatyo, Amanatya28,736
Oraon, Dhangar, Uran358,112
Parenga9,445
Paroja, Parja, Bodo Paroja, Barong Jhodia Paroja, Chhelia Paroja, Jhodia Paroja, Konda Paroja,
Paraja, Ponga Paroja, Sodia Paroja, Sano Paroja, Solia Paroja
374,628
Pentia10,003
Rajuar3,518
Santal894,764
Saora, Savar, Saura, Sahara, Arsi Saora, Based Saora, Bhima Saora,
Bhimma Saora, Chumura Saora, Jara Savar, Jadu Saora, Jati Saora,
Juari Saora, Kampu Saora, Kampa Soura, Kapo Saora, Kindal Saora,
Kumbi Kancher Saora, Kalapithia Saora, Kirat Saora, Lanjia Saora,
Lamba Lanjia Saora, Luara Saora, Luar Saora, Laria Savar, Malia Saora,
Malla Saora, Uriya Saora, Raika Saora, Sudda Saora, Sarda Saora,
Tankala Saora, Patro Saora, Vesu Saora
534,751
Shabar, Lodha516,402
Sounti112,803
Tharua, Tharua Bindhani9,451
Generic Tribes etc.125,813


Languages spoken in Odisha

Odia is the official language of Odisha with 34.7 Million speakers according to the 2011 census of India. Odia language is not homogenous, one can find many dilects through out the state, The popular are Sambalpuri spoken in western Odisha with 6.27% speakers, Phulbani, Cuttacki, Puri, Baleswari, Ganjami and Desiya(spoken in parts of Koraput, Malkangiri and Mayurbhanj). English is the official language for the correspondence in state administration.

LanguagesPersonsPercentageRuralUrban
Odia34,712,17082.698829,278,2065,433,964
Hindi1,239,0372.9519692,414546,623
Kui939,2832.2378918,12221,161
Santali862,5902.0550809,04753,543
Urdu670,5721.5976372,590297,982
Telugu667,6931.5907356,994310,699
Bengali504,5701.2021361,648142,922
HO411,7240.9809388,27323,451
Munda335,8300.8001299,21436,616
Savara298,6550.7115295,2673,388
Kisan194,7160.4639178,44316,273
Koya143,6760.3423142,909767
Kurukh/Oraon136,0310.3241120,47515,556
Kharia126,8720.3023116,15510,717
Mundari123,4880.2942116,4157,073
Khond114,8020.2735113,2201,582
Gadaba33,3420.079432,1481,194
Halabi31,7670.075730,853914
Juang30,3770.072430,273104
Punjabi19,4700.04642,00517,465
Gujarati14,8560.03541,95712,899
Malayalam9,0040.02153,6825,322
Nepali8,6540.02062,0036,651
Marathi8,6170.02054,3224,295
Konkani7,5870.01817,452135
Tamil6,1550.01471,8254,330
Bhumij5,9120.01415,481431
Garo3,7480.00893,522226
Kannada3,6730.00882,994679
Ladakhi3,1140.00742,981133
Maithili2,4380.00583722,066
Sindhi2,3380.00561272,211
Koda/Kora2,1040.00501,910194
Source: 2011 Census: Language and Mother Tongue


Disability

Below table list the stastistics of disable population of Odisha state.

Type of disabilityTotal PersonsCultivatorsAgriculture laborHHIOther workers
Total disabled population427,020102,195162,56321,288140,974
In Seeing100,56426,01538,4794,77431,296
In Hearing100,24125,11839,5025,14230,479
In Speech27,5106,3799,9921,2039,936
In Movement80,12318,11427,1174,10330,789
Mental Retardation16,7063,5977,5917134,805
Mental Illness9,1972,1874,2674352,308
Any Other70,64115,48726,0673,81725,270
Multiple disability22,0385,2989,5481,1016,091
Source: 2011 Census: Distribution of Disabled(India & States/UTs)


District wise population in Odisha

Odisha is divided into 30 districts. By Odisha district wise population as per 2011 census of India, Ganjam is the populous state with 3.5 million, Cuttack with 2.6 Million, Mayurbhanj with 2.5 Million and Balasore with 2.3 Million. Mayurbhanj is the largest district in area with 10,418 sq km and smallest district is Jagatsinghapur with 1668 sq km and with 1 Million people.

DistrictPopulation(2020 est.)Population(2011)Percentage
Bargarh1,688,6311,481,2553.53
Jharsuguda660,636579,5051.38
Sambalpur1,186,8531,041,0992.48
Debagarh356,273312,5200.74
Sundargarh2,386,5182,093,4374.99
Kendujhar2,053,9761,801,7334.29
Mayurbhanj2,872,5012,519,7386.00
Baleshwar2,645,4032,320,5295.53
Bhadrak1,717,2241,506,3373.59
Kendrapara 1,642,0121,440,3613.43
Jagatsinghapur 1,296,1471,136,9712.71
Cuttack2,991,8962,624,4706.25
Jajapur 2,082,9991,827,1924.35
Dhenkanal1,359,8051,192,8112.84
Anugul 1,452,1561,273,8213.03
Nayagarh 1,097,579962,7892.29
Khordha 2,566,9072,251,6735.36
Puri1,936,5521,698,7304.05
Ganjam4,023,0953,529,0318.41
Gajapati658,711577,8171.38
Kandhamal835,745733,1101.75
Baudh502,925441,1621.05
Subarnapur695,609610,1831.45
Balangir1,879,8571,648,9973.93
Nuapada695,835610,3821.45
Kalahandi1,797,6311,576,8693.76
Rayagada 1,103,419967,9112.31
Nabarangapur 1,391,8781,220,9462.91
Koraput1,572,7981,379,6473.29
Malkangiri 699,039613,1921.46
Source: 2011 Census: Population Data on District/Sub-Dist Level

Madhya Pradesh Population

Madhya Pradesh Population

Gujarat Population

Gujarat Population

Maharashtra Population

Maharashtra Population

Andhra Pradesh Population

Andhra Pradesh Population

Goa Population

Goa Population

Haryana Population

Haryana Population


References

1. http://censusindia.gov.in/
2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf
3. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in

© 2019-2020 populationU, Research papers on Population dynamics and Social affairs