World Population > India Population

Jharkhand Population

Jharkhand is the state in eastern India, borders West Bengal to the east, Odisha to the south, Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh to the west, Bihar to the south. Jharkhand state was carved out from Bihar in November 2000, The word 'Jhar' means forest and 'Khand' means region or land or therfore land of forest. The Jharkhand population in 2020 is 38 Million as per the estimates. By the end of November 2019, the population of Jharkhand is 37,933,898 as per Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated dec 2019. Jharkhand is popular for its rich minerals, hills, waterfalls, holy places and mountains.

Census yearPersonsAbsolutePercentageMalesFemales
19016,068,233--2,985,9663,082,267
19116,747,122678,88911.193,338,6293,408,493
19216,767,77020,6480.313,380,9053,386,865
19317,908,7371,140,96716.863,976,4503,932,287
19418,868,069959,33212.134,483,7804,384,289
19519,697,254829,1859.354,944,0434,753,211
196111,606,4891,909,23519.695,921,9015,684,588
197114,227,1332,620,64422.587,316,2206,910,913
198117,612,0693,384,93623.799,080,4448,531,625
199121,843,9114,231,84224.0311,363,85310,480,058
200126,945,8295,101,91823.3613,885,03713,060,792
201132,988,1346,042,30522.4216,930,31516,057,819
Source: A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901


Population Pyramid

Source: 2011 Census: Population In Five Year Age-Group


Jharkhand Population by Religion

Jharkhand population religion wise, 68% belongs to Hindu, followed by 14.5% are Muslims, 4.3% are Christians, Sikh, Buddhists and Jains accounts for total of below 1%. The total muslim population of Jharkhand is 4.7 million ranks at second place after 22 million of Hindus.

ReligionPersonsPercentageMalesFemales
Hindu22,376,05167.8311,563,95110,812,100
Muslim4,793,99414.532,467,2192,326,775
Christian1,418,6084.30699,902718,706
Sikh71,4220.2238,18933,233
Buddhist8,9560.035,2173,739
Jain14,9740.057,7637,211
Others4,235,78612.842,113,6992,122,087
Not Stated68,3430.2134,37533,968
Source: Details of Religion In Main Table C-1- 2011 (India & States/UTs)


Ethnic groups

TribesPopulation as per Census 2011
All Scheduled Tribes8,645,042
Asur, Agaria22,459
Baiga3,582
Banjara487
Bathudi3,464
Bedia100,161
Binjhia14,404
Birhor10,726
Birjia6,276
Chero95,575
Chik Baraik54,163
Gond53,676
Gorait4,973
Ho928,289
Karmali64,154
Kharia, Dhelki Kharia, Dudh Kharia, Hill Kharia196,135
Kharwar248,974
Khond221
Kisan, Nagesia37,265
Kora, Mudi -Kora32,786
Korwa35,606
Lohra216,226
Mahli152,663
Mal Paharia, Kumarbhag Paharia135,797
Munda, Patar1,229,221
Oraon, Dhangar (Oraon)1,716,618
Parhaiya25,585
Santal2,754,723
Sauria Paharia46,222
Savar9,688
Bhumij209,448
Kawar8,145
Kol53,584
Generic Tribes etc.173,746


Languages spoken in Jharkhand

Hindi is the major language spoken by 62%, followed by Santali with 10%, Bengali with 9.7% and Urdu with 6% of population. HO spoken by 3%, The different dialects as per different include Nagpuri, Khortha, Kurmali, Magahi and Bhojpuri.

LanguagesPersonsPercentageRuralUrban
Hindi20,436,02661.949615,065,8895,370,137
Santali3,269,8979.91233,101,534168,363
Bengali3,213,4239.74112,428,466784,957
Urdu1,965,6525.95871,061,383904,269
HO994,3023.0141904,65789,645
Kurukh/Oraon952,1642.8864867,54084,624
Mundari942,1082.8559867,02375,085
Odia531,0771.6099374,014157,063
Malto151,5650.4595151,007558
Kharia140,1480.4248130,3869,762
Maithili138,1670.418818,669119,498
Punjabi78,7120.23862,81575,897
Telugu30,7040.09311,40929,295
Munda23,9070.072522,0891,818
Gujarati22,1090.06708,20513,904
Nepali16,9560.05141,40215,554
Bhumij11,2750.034210,2331,042
Tamil10,0610.03056819,380
Marathi8,4810.02574,1824,299
Malayalam6,5490.01997115,838
Koda/Kora3,3210.01013,30219
Korwa2,3410.00711,740601
Source: 2011 Census: Language and Mother Tongue


Disability

Below is the Jharkhand disable people stats as per table below.

Type of disabilityTotal PersonsCultivatorsAgriculture laborHHIOther workers
Total disabled population290,13379,453103,76812,57194,341
In Seeing71,80119,32626,5643,22222,689
In Hearing71,46219,97525,4012,99523,091
In Speech17,4504,2936,0577386,362
In Movement53,17815,64817,2382,26818,024
Mental Retardation10,9532,9874,6074162,943
Mental Illness5,5141,5542,2733691,318
Any Other47,89712,01517,0952,05616,731
Multiple disability11,8783,6554,5335073,183
Source: 2011 Census: Distribution of Disabled(India & States/UTs)


Income Distribution

Jharkhand is among those states which have high percentage of rural poverty. Jharkhand at the time of formation in the year 2000 was lagged behind the economic growth compared to the all India average of the country. About 50% of workforce in this state is dependent on Agriculture and Allied farming activites. Besides this the other area is, Minerals are the biggest source of revenue to the Jharkhand State and is known as Museum of Minerals from Coal to Industrial Minerals like Uranium, Copper, Kyanite and many other semi precious minerals. By 2015-16, the GDP has improved to 1.84%.


District wise population in Jharkhand

Below is the Jharkhand district wise population as per Census 2011 and 2020 projection. Jharkhand is divided into 24 districts, initially Jharkhand is formed with 18 districts in the year 2000, later six more districts were carved out to form these districts.

DistrictPopulation(2020 est.)Population(2011)Percentage
Garhwa 1,507,9741,322,7844.01
Chatra1,188,8901,042,8863.16
Kodarma816,535716,2592.17
Giridih2,787,8402,445,4747.41
Deoghar1,700,9631,492,0734.52
Godda1,497,4481,313,5513.98
Sahibganj1,311,6461,150,5673.49
Pakur1,026,481900,4222.73
Dhanbad3,060,3152,684,4878.14
Bokaro2,351,0562,062,3306.25
Lohardaga526,441461,7901.40
Purbi Singhbhum2,615,0682,293,9196.95
Palamu2,211,4511,939,8695.88
Latehar828,755726,9782.20
Hazaribagh1,977,3241,734,4955.26
Ramgarh1,082,365949,4432.88
Dumka1,506,4441,321,4424.01
Jamtara901,788791,0422.40
Ranchi3,322,2482,914,2538.83
Khunti606,349531,8851.61
Gumla1,168,7431,025,2133.11
Simdega683,519599,5781.82
Pashchimi Singhbhum1,712,6651,502,3384.55
Saraikela-Kharsawan1,214,1641,065,0563.23
Source: 2011 Census: Population Data on District/Sub-Dist Level

Maharashtra Population

Maharashtra Population

Andhra Pradesh Population

Andhra Pradesh Population

Goa Population

Goa Population

Haryana Population

Haryana Population

Gujarat Population

Gujarat Population

Meghalaya Population

Meghalaya Population


References

1. http://censusindia.gov.in/
2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf
3. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in

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