Image Source: People gathering at Castro St. in San Francisco, California, June 2013
by APRIL 1, 2020
California Population by Race
According to 2017 demographics estimates, population of California by race are:
White population in California are 23,607,242, percentage wise 60.56 percent are whites. Whites, also called White Americans or European American, having origins in the original peoples of Europe (numbers include hispanic whites).
Black population in California are 2,263,222, percentage wise 5.81 percent are blacks. African American refers to black population in California, They are Black racial groups of Africa, includes Sub-Saharan African people, Kenyan, Nigerian, Caribbean such as Haitian and Jamaican.
Asian represent 5.5 million people which includes Asian Indians, Chinese, Filipinos, Vietnamese, Japanese and Korean. Asian population in California are 5,503,672, percentage wise 14.12 percent are asians, out of these 712,532 are Asian Indians, 1,486,821 are Chinese, 1,275,057 are Filipinos, 276,302 are Japanese, 466,313 are Korean, 642,758 are Vietnamese and 643,889 are other Asian nationals.
Hispanic population in California are 15,105,860. Percentage wise 38.75 percent are hispanics, out of these 12,555,044 are Mexican people, 215,163 are Puerto Ricans, 96,754 are Cubans, and 2,238,899 are other Hispanic or Latinos. Hispanics may be of any race, included in applicable race categories.
American Indian and Alaska Native represent 292,018 people includes Cherokee, Chippewa, Navajo, Sioux tribal grouping. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander represents 152,027 people which includes Native Hawaiian, Guamanian or Chamorro, Samoan and Other Pacific Islanders.
|Black or African American||2,263,222||5.81%|
|American Indian and Alaska Native||292,018||0.749%|
|Cherokee tribal grouping||19,015||0.049%|
|Chippewa tribal grouping||2,598||0.007%|
|Navajo tribal grouping||9,078||0.023%|
|Sioux tribal grouping||4,215||0.011%|
|Other Asian Population||643,889|
|Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander||152,027||0.39%|
|Guamanian or Chamorro||24,640||0.063%|
|Other Pacific Islander||62,197|
|Some other race||5,329,952|
|Hispanic or Latino||15,105,860||38.75%|
|Other Hispanic or Latino||2,238,899|
Top Cities of California
The top cities of California state are, Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, Fresno, Sacramento, Long Beach, Oakland, Bakersfield, Anaheim, Santa Ana, Riverside, Stockton, Irvine, Chula Vista, and Fremont. Los Angeles is the most populous city in California with 3.9 million as on 2018, As per the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana Urban Agglomeration estimates of UN World Population Prospects, population in 2020 is 12 million, ranks twenty-fifth city in the world. San Diego is the second populous city with 1.4 million and San Jose served as the first state capital in 1849–1851 is the third populous with 1 milliion, San Francisco is the popular tourist destination and the most densely populated city in California and is the second most densely populated major city in the United States, with 883,305 ranks fourth and Fresno is the largest inland city as per California demographics, noted for its large Hmong communities with 530,093 ranks fifth in the state. Sacramento was a major distribution center during the California Gold Rush is having population of 508,529 and Long Beach is the coastal city in the Greater Los Angeles area with 467,354 in sixth and seventh populous cities, It has grown with the development of high technology and aerospace industries in the area. Bakersfield is a city in Kern County, California,
California population pyramid is a graphical representation of the sex and age of a population, wide base suggests population increase, narrow base indicates declining birth rates. from 0 to 69 years the population growth is stable, decreases above 70 years due to aging population. 85+ graph indicates the life expectancy of female is better than men.
California Population by Age
According to 2019 US population estimates, population of California by age is 38,982,847, out of these 19,366,579 are male, 19,616,268 are female, The sex ratio of California is 987. The California population by age are, under 15 years is 7,563,195, 15 years and over is 31,419,652, 30 years and over is 22,961,038, 65 years and over is 5,148,448 and 85 years and over is 692,111. 49.68 percent are male, 50.32 percent are female, 19.40 percent are under 15 years old, 80.60 percent are 15 years and over, 58.90 percent are 30 years and over, 13.21 percent are 65 years and over, 1.78 percent are 85 years and over.
Languages spoken in CA
European lauguage speakers include 123,607 spaek French including Cajun, 52,898 Italian, 91,000 Portuguese, 89,017 speak German (Germany), 21,828 Greek, 166,222 Russian, 22,742 Polish, 16,377 Serbo-Croatian, 34,173 Ukrainian or other Slavic languages, 28,368 Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or other West Germanic languages.
Indian language speakers include 48,852 people speak Gujarati, 205,992 Hindi, 53,213 Urdu, 148,200 Punjabi, 32,234 Bengali, 57,084 Nepali/Marathi, 66,307 Telugu, 60,887 Tamil, 37,612 Malayalam, Kannada, or other Dravidian languages.
South East Centra Asian languages include 1,273,978 Chinese including Mandarin, Cantonese, 132,095 Japanese, 358,180 Korean, 70,408 Hmong, 582,486 Vietnamese, 63,829 Khmer, 75,494 Thai, Lao, or other Tai-Kadai languages, 818,325 Tagalog including Filipino.
188,961 Arabic, Armenian, 224,521 Persian including Farsi, Dari, 45,629 Hebrew, 1,469 Navajo, 72,246 Amharic, Somali, or other Afro-Asiatic languages, 9,781 Haitian, 33,325 Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or other languages of Western Africa, 20,598 Swahili or other languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa.
|Speak only English||20,418,288||55.96|
Education statistics of California state as on 2017.
|Population 18 to 24 years||3,917,309||2,021,376||1,895,933|
|Less than high school graduate||483,675||289,577||194,098|
|High school graduate (includes equivalency)||1,155,180||652,855||502,325|
|Some college or associates degree||1,893,620||913,915||979,705|
|Bachelors degree or higher||384,834||165,029||219,805|
|Population 25 years and over||25,950,818||12,688,750||13,262,068|
|Less than 9th grade||2,510,370||1,192,493||1,317,877|
|9th to 12th grade, no diploma||2,033,160||1,064,080||969,080|
|High school graduate (includes equivalency)||5,345,542||2,683,309||2,662,233|
|Some college, no degree||5,586,071||2,706,270||2,879,801|
|Graduate or professional degree||3,161,747||1,593,678||1,568,069|
|High school graduate or higher||10,642,586||5,244,970||5,397,616|
|Bachelors degree or higher||4,777,317||2,428,008||2,349,309|
|Black or African||1,507,055||731,168||775,887|
|High school graduate or higher||1,341,098||643,710||697,388|
|Bachelors degree or higher||361,147||164,466||196,681|
|American Indian or Alaska Native alone||187,781||92,792||94,989|
|High school graduate or higher||141,467||69,173||72,294|
|Bachelors degree or higher||26,178||12,534||13,644|
|High school graduate or higher||3,481,157||1,628,217||1,852,940|
|Bachelors degree or higher||2,040,041||961,237||1,078,804|
|Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander||100,525||48,650||51,875|
|High school graduate or higher||86,123||41,617||44,506|
|Bachelors degree or higher||18,211||8,795||9,416|
|Hispanic or Latino Origin||8,512,999||4,238,319||4,274,680|
|High school graduate or higher||5,313,359||2,609,368||2,703,991|
|Bachelors degree or higher||1,036,567||473,092||563,475|
The Statistics below shows the disadvantage people in California state as on 2017 demographics.
|Total civilian non-institutionalized population||4,088,523|
|Black or African American||327,936|
|American Indian and Alaska Native alone||46,789|
|Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander||15,536|
|Some other race||385,675|
|With a hearing difficulty||1,142,006|
|With a vision difficulty||778,549|
|With a cognitive difficulty||1,560,559|
|With an ambulatory difficulty||2,133,750|
|With a self-care difficulty||943,071|
|With an independent living difficulty||1,611,722|
Counties of California
California State is divided into 58 counties being most populous is Los Angeles County, and largest is San Bernardino County with 20,062 sq miles(51,960 sq km) having population of 2.15 million.
|County||Population 2017||Population 2018||% Change||Rank 2017||Rank 2018|
|Contra Costa County||1,144,863||1,150,215||0.5||9||9|
|Del Norte County||27,428||27,828||1.5||49||49|
|El Dorado County||188,722||190,678||1||29||29|
|Los Angeles County||10,118,759||10,105,518||-0.1||1||1|
|San Benito County||60,199||61,537||2.2||42||42|
|San Bernardino County||2,153,203||2,171,603||0.9||5||5|
|San Diego County||3,325,468||3,343,364||0.5||2||2|
|San Francisco County||879,166||883,305||0.5||12||12|
|San Joaquin County||742,516||752,660||1.4||15||15|
|San Luis Obispo County||282,838||284,010||0.4||23||23|
|San Mateo County||768,808||769,545||0.1||14||14|
|Santa Barbara County||445,606||446,527||0.2||19||20|
|Santa Clara County||1,933,383||1,937,570||0.2||6||6|
|Santa Cruz County||275,105||274,255||-0.3||24||25|
As per the California Indian History, The tribes of Natives lived in California for an estimated to be more than 15,000 years. Various estimates of native population during pre-european times are range between 100,000 to 300000. The earliest Californians were believed to be Asians who moved across the Bering Straits to Alaska, which was thousands of years ago during the time of harsh climates through the land bridge made such travel easier which the route is is now vanished. California's which is vastly with mountain ranges and deserts, made difficult for indigenous groups to travel great distances and native people are isolated from region to region tending in large family groups unlike the tribes in the eastern United States. The mountain ranges of the pacific coast isolated these early settlers from the cultures that developed in neighboring Mexico and the western parts. California tribes used to be lived comparatively peaceful life, The early population of California of these plains and apparently shared no ties of language or culture with other nations. the original Californians were a diverse people, separated by language and culture and into as many as 135 distinct dialects.
During pre-european times, "California" means the peninsula on the west coast of modern Mexico now known as Baja California, and the Spanish explorers believed that they had discovered an enormous island. First European explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo from Spain started discovering in 1542. The Spanish discovery of California area was one of the great expansions of Spain explorers over extended empire in North America, at this time California was the most densely populated in the United States before the arrival of europeans. From 1770 to 1798 Various Missions are established like Carmel mission, San Gabriel mission, San Luis Obispo, San Francisco, San Buenaventura, Santa Barbara, Santa Cruz, San Jose, San Juan Bautista, San Fernando, San Luis Rey missions.
Massive Indian revolts among the Pueblo Indians in the late 17th century provided the Franciscan padres with an argument to establish missions relatively free from colonial settlers. These missions were authorised to convert the Indians in the specific period of time. Thereafter they were suppose to surrender their control over the missions livestock, fields, orchards and building to the Indians. But the padres never achieved this kind of goal and apparently the lands and wealth was stolen from the Indians. California and its Spanish Colonization are different from their earlier efforts to simultaneously introduce missionaries and colonists to congest schemes. But before epidemic diseases proved to be the most crucial factor in Spanish efforts to overcome native resistance, diseases such as smallpox, diphtheria, syphilis and even chickenpox and measles of children ailments caused greater death among Native Indians, in 1806 Measles epidemic and in 1838 Northwest smallpox epidemic killed 3,000, in 1840 Smallpox epidemic in southern territory killed 2,400. A general population was decreased due to unhygienic conditions in the area of colonial centers. By 1806 these epidemics killed thousands of Indians including children. Tribes included the Karok, Maidu, Cahuilleno, Mojave, Yokuts, Pomo, Paiute, and Modoc. 1848 Gold was discovered, in 1849 Miners begin to encroach into Indian territories and in 1851 Mariposa Indian War, Huge numbers of Indians slaughtered in gold country and Karuk villages are burned by Whites in 1852. By 1924, Indian Citizenship Act was created and Indians given right to vote.
© 2019-2021 populationU, Research papers on Population dynamics and Social affairs