World Population

Age of Consent by Country

The age of consent for the person in this world is the age at which a person is considered to be legally competent to consent to sexual acts in any country and is thus the minimum age of a person with whom another person is legally permitted to engage in sexual activity. As on 2022, The legal Age of Consent varies from Country to Country and is from 11 to 21 years old around the world. In some of the Arab Countries, there is no legal age of consent but all sexual relations are forbidden outside of marriage. The laws were designed to prosecute people older than the victims rather than teenagers close in age.

The age of consent in the United States varies from 16 to 18. Some of the Asian and African countries require individuals to be married before they can legally have sex, all of which are highly conservative on issues of gender and sexuality. Europe's lowest age of consent is 14, which applies in countries including Austria, Germany, Serbia, Italy and Portugal, while Some of the European countries set 16 to 17 as the age of consent, several others, including Malta and Vatican City, require to be at least 18.

Asia: The legal age of consent in Asia for sexual activity varies by jurisdiction, ranging from age 9 in Yemen to age 21 in Hong Kong.

Europe: The age of consent in Europe vary by jurisdiction, They are currently set between the ages of 14 and 18. The vast majority of countries set their ages in the range of 14 to 16, and only other three countries, Cyprus (17), Ireland (17), Turkey (18) has their own pattern.

Africa: The legal age of consent in Africa for sexual activity varies from 12 to 21, ranging from age 12 in Sudan to age 21 in Cameroon and Niger.

North America: The legal age of consent in North America relating to sexual activity varies by jurisdiction. Each U.S. state has set its age of consent at either age 16, age 17, or age 18. The age of consent in Canada is 16.

South America: The age of consent in South America varies by jurisdiction, codified in laws which may also stipulate the specific activities that are permitted or the gender of participants for different ages. Across South America it varies from 14 to 18.

CountryRegionAge Of Consent
AfghanistanAsia16
AlbaniaEurope14
AlgeriaAfrica16
American SamoaOceania16
AndorraEurope16
AngolaAfrica12
Antigua and BarbudaNorth America16
ArgentinaSouth America18
ArmeniaEurope16
ArubaNorth America15
AustraliaOceania16
AustriaEurope14
AzerbaijanEurope16
BahamasNorth America16
BahrainAsia21
BangladeshAsia14
BarbadosNorth America16
BelarusEurope16
BelgiumEurope16
BelizeNorth America16
BeninAfrica18
BhutanAsia18
BoliviaSouth America14
Bosnia and HeregovinaEurope14
BotswanaAfrica16
BrazilSouth America14
BruneiAsia16
BulgariaEurope14
Burkina FasoAfrica13
BurundiAfrica18
CambodiaAsia15
CameroonAfrica16
CanadaNorth America16
Cape VerdeAfrica14
Caribbean NetherlandsNorth America16
Central African VerdeAfrica18
ChadAfrica14
ChileSouth America18
ChinaAsia14
ColombiaSouth America14
ComorosAfrica13
Cook IslandsOceania16
Costa RicaNorth America15
CroatiaEurope15
CubaNorth America16
CyprusEurope17
Czech RepublicEurope15
Democratic Republic of the CongoAfrica14
DenmarkEurope15
DjiboutiAfrica18
DominicaNorth America16
Dominican RepublicNorth America18
East TimorAsia14
EcuadorSouth America14
EgyptAfrica18
El SalvadorNorth America18
Equatorial GuineaAfrica18
EritreaAfrica18
EstoniaEurope14
EthiopiaAfrica18
Federated States of MicronesiaOceania14
FijiOceania16
FinlandEurope16
FranceEurope15
GabonAfrica18
GambiaAfrica18
GeorgiaEurope16
GermanyEurope14
GhanaAfrica16
GreeceEurope15
GrenadaNorth America16
GuamOceania16
GuatemalaNorth America18
GuineaAfrica15
Guinea BissauAfrica16
HaitiNorth America18
HondurasNorth America15
HungaryEurope14
IcelandEurope15
IndiaAsia18
IndonesiaAsia16
IranAsiaMust be married
IraqAsia18
IrelandEurope17
IsraelAsia16
ItalyEurope14
Ivory CoastAfrica18
JamaicaNorth America16
JapanAsia13
JordanAsia16
KazakhstanEurope16
KenyaAfrica18
KiribatiOceania15
KuwaitAsia15
KyrgyzstanAsia16
LaosAsia15
LatviaEurope16
LebanonAsia18
LesothoAfrica16
LiberiaAfrica18
LibyaAfrica16
LiechtensteinEurope14
LithuaniaEurope16
LuxembourgEurope16
MacedoniaEurope14
MadagascarAfrica14
MalawiAfrica14
MalaysiaAsia16
MaldivesAsia9
MaliAfrica18
MaltaEurope18
Marshall IslandsOceania16
MauritaniaAfrica16
MauritiusAfrica14
MexicoNorth America12
MoldovaEurope16
MonacoEurope15
MongoliaAsia16
MontenegroEurope14
MyanmarAsia14
NamibiaAfrica16
NauruOceania17
NepalAsia16
NetherlandsEurope16
New ZealandOceania16
NicaraguaNorth America18
NigerAfrica13
NigeriaAfrica18
NiueOceania19
North KoreaAsia15
Northern Mariana IslandsOceania18
NorwayEurope16
OmanAsia18
PakistanAsia18
PalauOceania16
Palestine Gaza StripAsiaMust be married
PanamaNorth America18
Papua New GuineaOceania16
ParaguaySouth America14
PeruSouth America14
PhilippinesAsia12
PolandEurope15
PortugalEurope14
QatarAsia16
Republic of the CongoAfrica18
RomaniaEurope16
RussiaEurope16
RwandaAfrica18
Sahrawi Arab Democratic RepublicAfrica13
Saint Kitts and NevisNorth America16
Saint LuciaNorth America16
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesNorth America15
SamoaOceania16
San MarinoEurope14
Sao Tome and PrincipeAfrica14
Saudi ArabiaAsia15
SenegalAfrica16
SerbiaEurope14
SeychellesAfrica18
Sierra LeoneAfrica18
SingaporeAsia16
Slovak RepublicEurope15
SloveniaEurope15
Solomon IslandsOceania15
SomaliaAfrica18
South AfricaAfrica16
South KoreaAsia16
South SudanAfrica12
SpainEurope16
Sri LankaAsia16
SudanAfrica12
SurinameSouth America16
SwazilandAfrica16
SwedenEurope15
SwitzerlandEurope16
SyriaAsia15
TaiwanAsia16
TajikistanAsia16
TanzaniaAfrica18
ThailandAsia15
TogoAfrica16
TongaOceania16
Trinidad and TobagoNorth America16
TunisiaAfrica18
TurkeyEurope18
TurkmenistanAsia16
UgandaAfrica18
UkraineEurope16
United Arab EmiratesAsia18
United KingdomEurope16
United StatesNorth America16
UruguaySouth America15
UzbekistanAsia16
VanuatuOceania16
Vatican CityEurope18
VenezuelaSouth America16
VietnamAsia18
YemenAsiaMust be married
ZambiaAfrica16
ZimbabweAfrica16

United States: The age of consent in the United States varies from 16 to 18 years old depending on the state. In some jurisdictions, Sexual activity between all-underaged participants can also be regarded as statutory rape. Out of fifty States, Thirty-one states set the age of consent as 16, eight set it as 17, and eleven set it as 18 as age of consent.

Nigeria: Age of consent in Nigeria is 18 years, According to Section 31 (3) (a) of the Child's Rights Act 2003 states that, Where a person is charged with an offence (of unlawful sexual relations with a child) under this section (31 of the same act), it is immaterial that the offender believed the person to be of or above the age of eighteen years.

Canada: According to the The Tackling Violent Crime Act took effect on 1 May 2008, raising the age of consent in Canada from 14 to 16. The close-in-age exemptions are depending on the age, A youth of twelve or thirteen can consent to sexual activity with a person less than two years older or a fourteen or fifteen year old can consent to sexual activity with a partner who is less than five years older.

China: The age of consent in China for sexual activity is 14 years, regardless of gender or sexual orientation.

France: The age of consent in France is 15, as specified by Article 227-25 of the Penal Code. The act of sexual assault on a minor under the age of fifteen for an adult is punishable by seven years imprisonment and a fine of 100,000.

Japan: According to the Penal Code of Japan in 1907, The age of consent in Japan sets a national age of 13.

Mexico: The minimum age of consent in Mexico is 12 according to the federal law, while the age at which there are no restrictions for consensual sexual activities is 18 which says sex with someone 12-18 is not illegal but local state laws may override the federal law.

Germany: The age of consent in Germany is 14, as long as a person over the age of 21 does not exploit a 14 to 15 year old person due to lack of capacity for sexual self determination.

South Korea: The age of consent in South Korea, sexual activity with a person under the age of 16 in international age, not Korean age, is considered statutory rape, unless the other party is under 19.

Thailand: The age of consent in Thailand is 15 regardless of gender or sexual orientation, as specified by article 279 of the Thai Criminal Code.

Russia: The age of consent in Russia is 16.

India: The age of consent in India for sex is 18 under the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013.

Italy: The age of consent in Italy is 14 years, with a close-in-age exception that allows those aged 13 to engage in sexual activity with partners who are under the age of 18, provided that the age gap between them is less than 3 years.

United Kingdom: UK national age of consent set as 16. The United Kingdom consists of the jurisdictions of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

Sweden: The age of consent in Sweden is 15, as specified by the Swedish Penal Code, Chapter 6 On Sexual Crimes.

Philippines: The legal age of consent in Philippines is 12, Sexual intercourse with a person under the age of 12 is defined as rape, under Chapter 3, Article 266 of the Anti-Rape Law of 1997.

Australia: Australia is a federation of States and Territories, with each State and Territory having the primary jurisdiction over age of consent, South Australia and Tasmania State has 17 as minimum age of consent and all other states set as 16.

Austria: The age of consent in Austria is 14, as specified by Section 206 of the penal code.

Spain: The age of consent in Spain is 16, under a new law which came into effect on 1 July 2015.

Netherlands: The age of consent in the Netherlands is 16, as specified by the Dutch Criminal Code.

Ireland: The age of consent in the Republic of Ireland is 17.

Denmark: The age of consent in the Kingdom of Denmark is 15 as specified by Section 222.

Belgium: The age of consent in Belgium is 16, as specified by Article 372 of the Criminal Code.

Bulgaria: The age of consent in Bulgaria is 14, as specified by Articles 149 and 151.

Czech Republic: The age of sexual consent in the Czech Republic is 15.

Greece: As specified by Article 339, as well as Articles 337, 348B of the Greek Penal Code, The age of consent in Greece is 15.

Romania: The age of consent in Romania is 16, according to the Romanian Criminal Code.

Norway: The age of consent in Norway is 16, as specified by the 2005 Penal Code.

Georgia: The age of consent in Georgia is 16 as per the Georgian Penal Code.

Hungary: The age of consent in Hungary is 14. A close-in-age exemption allows sexual acts from age 12 if the older party is under 18.

Croatia: The age of consent in Croatia for all sexual conduct under the Criminal Code and regulated by Article 158 as on January 2013 is 15.

Peru: According to the Constitutional Court of Peru the age of consent was fixed at 14, regardless of gender or sexual orientation.

Jamaica: The age of consent in Jamaica is 16. According to Article 50, Above twelve and under sixteen are Offenses against the person.

Iceland: The age of consent in Iceland is 15, as specified by Section 202 of the Icelandic Penal Code.

Argentina: The age of Consent in Argentina is 18, Sexual acts with children younger than 13 are illegal and Sexual relations with teens 13 to 18 are addressed by several laws.

Israel: The age of consent in Israel is 16 regardless of gender or sexual orientation according to the Israeli Penal Code of 1977.

New Zealand: The age of consent in New Zealand is 16, It is an offense in New Zealand to have a sexual connection with a person under the age of 16.

Poland: The age of consent in Poland is 15, as specified by the Polish Penal Code, Article 200.

Switzerland: The age of consent in Switzerland is 16, as specified by the Swiss Federal Criminal Code, Article 187.

Hong Kong: The age of consent in Hong Kong for sexual activity is 16 regardless of gender or sexual orientation. However, the age of consent for a female receiving anal sex is 21.

Thailand: As specified by article 279 of the Thai Criminal Code, The age of consent in Thailand is 15 regardless of gender or sexual orientation.

Brazil: The age of consent in Brazil is 14, regardless of gender or sexual orientation, there is judicial precedent allowing a close-in-age exception for those aged between 12 to 13 to engage in sexual activity with partners who are as much as 5 years older.

Venezuela: Sexual acts with children are punished under Art. 375, 379 of the penal code. The age of consent in Venezuela is 16, regardless of gender or sexual orientation.

Finland: The age of consent in Finland is 16, as specified by Section 6. A person who has sexual intercourse with a child younger to sixteen years of age shall be sentenced for sexual abuse of a child to imprisonment for up to four years.

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